Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Egremont
PC
Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont by William Hoare lowres color.jpg
Secretary of State for the Southern Department
In office
9 October 1761 – 21 August 1763
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Earl of Bute
George Grenville
Preceded by William Pitt
Succeeded by The Earl of Halifax
Personal details
Born (1710-08-19)19 August 1710
Died 21 August 1763(1763-08-21) (aged 53)
Arms of Wyndham: Azure, a chevron between three lion's heads erased or

Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont (1710 – 21 August 1763), PC, of Orchard Wyndham, Somerset and Petworth House in Sussex, was a British statesman who served as Secretary of State for the Southern Department 1761-63.

Origins[edit]

He was the eldest son and heir of Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Baronet (c.1688-1740) of Orchard Wyndham, Secretary at War in 1712, Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1713 and Tory leader in the House of Commons during the reign of King George I (1714-1727) and during the early years of King George II (1727-1760). His mother was Catherine Seymour, daughter of Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset (1662-1748), KG, and sister of Algernon Seymour, 7th Duke of Somerset (1684-1750), created in 1749 Earl of Egremont and Baron Cockermouth, with special remainder to his nephew Charles Wyndham, subject of this article.[1]

Inheritance[edit]

He succeeded to the Orchard Wyndham estates and as 4th baronet on his father's death in 1740 and in 1750 succeeded as 2nd Earl of Egremont, under the special remainder, on the death of his uncle the 7th Duke of Somerset, and received those parts of the Duke's estates in Egremont, Cumberland and the palatial Petworth House in Sussex (rebuilt by the 6th Duke[2]). These were formerly owned by the Percy family, and had been inherited by the 7th Duke from his mother Lady Elizabeth Percy (d.1722),[3] daughter and heiress of Joceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland. His younger brother was Percy Wyndham-O'Brien, 1st Earl of Thomond, created Earl of Thomond.

Career[edit]

Wyndham served as Member of Parliament for Bridgwater (Somerset), 1734-1741, Appleby (Cumberland) 1741-1747, and for Taunton (Somerset) 1747-1750.

Seven Years War[edit]

In October 1761 he was appointed Secretary of State for the Southern Department in succession to William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. His term of office, during which he acted in concert with his brother-in-law George Grenville, was mainly occupied with the declaration of war on Spain and with the negotiations for peace with France and Spain, the terms of which Wyndham seems to have disliked. He was also involved with the proceedings against John Wilkes. He was Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland 1751-1763 and Lord Lieutenant of Sussex 1762-1763.

Marriage and progeny[edit]

On 12 March 1750/51 Wyndham married Hon. Alicia Maria Carpenter, daughter of George Carpenter, 2nd Baron Carpenter of Killaghy, by his wife Elizabeth Petty.[4] He had progeny including:

Death[edit]

He died on 21 August 1763.

Assessment[edit]

Horace Walpole perhaps rated Egremont's talents too low when he said he had neither knowledge of business, nor the smallest share of parliamentary abilities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debretts peerage, 1968, p.411, Baron Leconfield and Egremont
  2. ^ "In 1682 Petworth passed by marriage from the Percies to the 6th Duke of Somerset and it is to him the Proud Duke that we owe by far the larger part of the existing house" (Nicholson, Nigel, Great Houses of Britain, London, 1978, p.165)
  3. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.411
  4. ^ [1]
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
George Bubb Dodington
Thomas Palmer
Member of Parliament for Bridgwater
1735–1741
With: George Bubb Dodington
Succeeded by
George Bubb Dodington
Vere Poulett
Preceded by
Sir John Ramsden, Bt
George Bubb Dodington
Member of Parliament for Appleby
1742–1747
With: Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Randle Wilbraham
Preceded by
Sir John Chapman, Bt
Percy Wyndham-O'Brien
Member of Parliament for Taunton
1747–1750
With: Robert Webb
Succeeded by
Robert Webb
William Rowley
Political offices
Preceded by
William Pitt
Secretary of State for the Southern Department
1761–1763
Succeeded by
The Earl of Halifax
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Viscount Lonsdale
Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland
1751–1759
Succeeded by
Sir James Lowther, 5th Bt
Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland
1751–1763
Vacant
Title next held by
Sir James Lowther, 5th Bt
Preceded by
Sir James Lowther, 4th Bt
Vice-Admiral of Cumberland
1755–1763
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
1763
Succeeded by
The Duke of Richmond
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Algernon Seymour
Earl of Egremont
1750–1763
Succeeded by
George Wyndham
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
William Wyndham
Baronet
(of Orchard Wyndham)
1740–1763
Succeeded by
George Wyndham