Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes

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The first duke of Luynes

Charles d'Albert, Duke of Luynes (5 August 1578 – Longueville, 15 December 1621), was a favourite of Louis XIII who was made a Peer of France and Constable of France before dying at the height of his influence.

Biography[edit]

He was the first son of Honoré d'Albert (d. 1592), seigneur de Luynes, who was in the service of the three last Valois kings and of Henry IV of France.[1]

Charles was brought up at court and attended the dauphin, later Louis XIII. The king shared his fondness for hunting and rapidly advanced him in favour. In 1615 he was appointed commander of the Louvre Palace and counsellor, and the following year Grand Falconer of France. He used his influence over the king in the court intrigues against the queen-mother Marie de' Medici and her favourite Concini. It was Luynes who, with Vitry, captain of the guard, arranged the plot that ended in Concini's assassination (1617) and secured all the latter's possessions in Italy and France.[1]

In the same year he was appointed captain of the Bastille and lieutenant-general of Normandy, and married Marie de Rohan, daughter of the duke of Montbazon. He employed extreme measures against the pamphleteers of the time, but sought peace in Italy and with the Protestants. In 1619 he negotiated the Treaty of Angoulême by which Marie de' Medici was accorded complete liberty. He was made governor of Picardy in 1619; suppressed an uprising of nobles in 1620; and in 1621, with slight military ability or achievement, was appointed constable of France.[1]

His rapid rise to power made him a host of enemies, who looked upon him as but a second Concini. In order to justify his newly-won laurels, Luynes undertook an expedition against the Protestants, but died of a fever in the midst of the campaign, at Longueville[disambiguation needed] in Guienne, on 15 December 1621.[1]

Family[edit]

His brother Honoré d'Albert (1581-1649), first duke of Chaulnes, was governor of Picardy and Marshal of France (1619), and defended his province successfully in 1625 and 1635.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 147.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Recommended reading (in chronological order) at the end of the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed):
    • Recueil des pieces plus curieuses qui ent este faites pendant le regne du connestable M. de Luynes (2nd ed.). 1624. 
    • Le Vassor (1757). Histoire de Louis XIII. Paris. 
    • Griffet (1758). Histoire du regne de Louis XIII, roi de France et de Navarre. Paris. 
    • V. Cousin (1861–1863). "Le Duc et connetable de Luynes". Journal des savants. 
    • B. Zeller (1879). Etudes critiques sur le regne de Louis XIII: le connetable de Luynes, Montauban et la Valteline. Paris. 
    • E. Pavie (1899). La Guerre entre Louis XIII. et Marie de Medicis. Paris. 
    • Lavisse (1905). Histoire de France. vi.2. Paris. pp. 141–216. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Charles d'Albert at Wikimedia Commons

French nobility
New creation Duke of Luynes
1619- 1621
Succeeded by
Louis Charles d'Albert