Charlevoix County, Michigan

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Charlevoix County, Michigan
Charlesvoix County Michigan Building.jpg
Charlevoix County Building
Logo of Charlevoix County, Michigan
Logo
Map of Michigan highlighting Charlevoix County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1869[1]
Named for Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix
Seat Charlevoix
Largest city Boyne City
Area
 • Total 1,390 sq mi (3,600 km2)
 • Land 416 sq mi (1,077 km2)
 • Water 974 sq mi (2,523 km2), 70%
Population
 • (2010) 25,949
 • Density 62/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.charlevoixcounty.org

Charlevoix County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,949.[2] The county seat is Charlevoix.[3] The county was named for Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, a Jesuit missionary in 1843. The county was originally set off in 1840 as Keskkauko, and name changed in 1843.[1] It was later organized in 1869.

History[edit]

Beaver Island has a unique history, particularly because of the temporary influence of James J. Strang, who founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite). Strang moved his followers to Beaver Island in 1848, and they are known as Strangites.

There are ten recognized Michigan historical markers in the county:[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,390 square miles (3,600 km2), of which 416 square miles (1,080 km2) is land and 974 square miles (2,520 km2) (70%) is water.[5] It is the fourth-smallest county in Michigan by land area.

Lake Charlevoix, with 17,200 acres (7,000 ha) surface area and 56 miles (90 km) of shoreline, is a very prominent feature of the county. Gull, Hat, Pismire, and Shoe Islands, which are part of the Beaver Island archipelago, form the Lake Michigan division of the Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge, and two of them are part of the Michigan Islands Wilderness Area.

The county is considered to be part of Northern Michigan.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

State highways[edit]

County-designated highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Ferry service[edit]

  • Beaver Island Boat Company maintains a regular auto ferry from Charlevoix:[8]
  • The Ironton Ferry at Ironton, Michigan crosses the south arm of Lake Charlevoix. It is a designated Michigan Historical Site in operation since 1876.

Bus service[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,724
1880 5,115 196.7%
1890 9,686 89.4%
1900 13,956 44.1%
1910 19,157 37.3%
1920 15,788 −17.6%
1930 11,981 −24.1%
1940 13,031 8.8%
1950 13,475 3.4%
1960 13,421 −0.4%
1970 16,541 23.2%
1980 19,907 20.3%
1990 21,468 7.8%
2000 26,090 21.5%
2010 25,949 −0.5%
Est. 2013 26,129 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 26,090 people, 10,400 households, and 7,311 families residing in the county. The population density was 63 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 15,370 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.31% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 1.54% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.8% were of German, 12.0% English, 11.0% American, 10.6% Irish and 8.4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.3% spoke English and 1.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 10,400 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.40% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,788, and the median income for a family was $46,260. Males had a median income of $32,457 versus $22,447 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,130. About 5.40% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b *"Bibliography on Charlevoix County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Michigan Historical Markers
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ Fresh Air Aviation
  7. ^ Island Airways
  8. ^ Beaver Island Auto ferry
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°28′N 85°28′W / 45.47°N 85.46°W / 45.47; -85.46