Charlie Daniels received five stars out of five from Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic. Erlewine concludes that "he's [Charlie Daniels] a redneck rebel, not fittting into either the country or the rock & roll of 1970 with his record, but, in retrospect, he sounds like a visionary, pointing the way to the future when southern rockers saw no dividing lines between rock, country, and blues, and only saw it all as sons of the south. That's what he achieves with Charlie Daniels -- a unique Southern sound that's quintessentially American, sounding at once new and timeless. Once he formed the Charlie Daniels Band, he became a star and with Fire on the Mountain, he had another classic, but he would never sound as wild, unpredictable, or as much like a maverick as he does on this superb album.".