August 21, 1847|
|Died: April 9, 1917
Flushing, New York
|Batted: Right||Threw: Right|
|May 5, 1871 for the Boston Red Stockings|
|Last MLB appearance|
|July 12, 1877 for the Cincinnati Reds|
Charles Harvey Gould (August 21, 1847 – April 9, 1917), nicknamed "The Bushel Basket", was an American Major League Baseball player during the 1860s and 1870s. He was the first baseman for the original Cincinnati Red Stockings of 1869 and 1870, the first team consisting entirely of professional players. He was the only native Cincinnatian on the club.
Gould was noted as having an affable personality, and for being six feet tall, the only such player on the Red Stockings that tall. His height and long arms were physical traits that factored in his high fielding proficiency. He was rarely noted for making errors, or "muffing" the ball during his career, but it was his throwing error in the eleventh inning of a game between the Red Stockings and the Brooklyn Atlantics in 1870, that allowed the winning run to score, ending the Stockings' winning streak, which was at 84 games.
Born 1847 in Cincinnati, Ohio, Gould began his organized baseball career for the local Buckeye club in 1863 as their regular first baseman, and was still in that role when the club joined the National Association of Base Ball Players (NABBP) in 1866. During the off-season, he worked as a bookkeeper for his father's butter and eggs business. His lanky frame and long arms were physical traits that assisted him in becoming a well-regarded fielder, and he was known to rarely make errors.
He stayed with the Buckeyes through the 1866 season, then he joined the cross-town rivals, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, for the 1867 season. The Red Stockings, bolstered by players imported from the east coast, defeated the Buckeyes and other regional rivals that summer and fared well against all but the strongest teams on a tour from Washington to Albany to Cleveland in the fall. In September 1867, at the locally held Great Baseball Tournament, he won the prizes for "farthest throw" 302 ft 3 in (92.13 m) and "best second base".
Known as a hard-working, affable man, and one of the best humored men in the game, he played every game in 1868, and all but one 1869. He fielding prowess was so well known that fellow players began calling him 'the bushel-basket'.
When the NABBP permitted professionalism for 1869, Red Stockings manager, Harry Wright, kept Gould and three other players from his 1868 team, then filled the rest with eastern players to complete the team. Gould was the only Cincinnatian, and the only 6-foot-tall (1.8 m) player on the team. Cal McVey was the only other player even from the midwest. Gould's salary for that season was $800, and offensively, batted third in the line-up.
The Red Stockings toured the continent undefeated in 1869 and may have been the strongest team in 1870, but the club dropped professional base ball after the second season.
National Association 1871–1875
Harry Wright was hired to organize a new team in Boston, where he signed Gould and two other Red Stockings for 1871. Wright brought along the nickname, too. Charlie Gould remained two seasons at first base for the new Boston Red Stockings, so he was part of the club's and Boston's first championship team. In 1872, he led the National Association in triples with eight. He was replaced for 1873 by Jim O'Rourke who would be one of the biggest stars in the game for the next twenty years.
After four seasons as the regular first baseman on great professional teams, Gould was a marginal player, a regular player only for teams struggling to remain in business, not contend for the championship. Baltimore and New Haven in the last two NA seasons achieved more than some but they were big losers on the field. New Haven made him captain, so he had most of the duties of a modern field manager and he gets manager's credit in the historical record.
Next year the new National League excluded New Haven but one charter member was a new club in Cincinnati, the Reds, which hired Charley Gould to lead it. The new Cincinnatis were a woefully weak tailender but the club did survive and Charlie played another season at first, relieved of his leadership role.
His playing career had ended after the 1877 season, but not his association with the club. He later became a police officer in Cincinnati. Gould died at the age of 69 in Flushing, New York, and is interred in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. He gravesite was unmarked until 1951, when Cincinnati Reds President Warren Giles launched a successful campaign to place a marker, a monument that currently stands.
- Guschov, p. 31
- Guschov, p. 30
- Ellard, p. 18-19
- Guschov, p. 12
- Ellard, p. 36-37
- Ellard, p. 90
- Guschov, p. 36
- Guschov, p. 42
- "Charlie Gould". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Cincinnati Buckeyes History". cincinnatibuckeyes.com. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- "Charlie Gould's career statistics". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- "Spring Grove Cemetery: Baseball Notables". springgrove.org. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- Ellard, Harry ( 2004). Base Ball in Cincinnati: A History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co. ISBN 0-7864-1726-9
- Guschov, Stephen D. (1998). The Red Stockings of Cincinnati. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0467-1
- Wright, Marshall (2000). The National Association of Base Ball Players, 1857-1870. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co. ISBN 0-7864-0779-4
|Cincinnati Reds (1876–1880) Managers