Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille
|Princess of Condé|
|Spouse||Henri de Bourbon|
|Éléonore, Princess of Orange
Henri, Prince of Condé
|House||House of Bourbon
House of de La Trémoille
|Father||Louis de La Trémoille|
|Mother||Jeanne de Montmorency|
|Died||29 August 1629
|Burial||Église du monastère Sainte-Claire de l'Ave Maria, Paris, France|
The youngest of five children born to the Duke and Duchess of Thouars, she was a member of the de La Trémoille family, one of the oldest and most renowned in France. Her father was closely tied with the royal family of France (the House of Valois). Her maternal grandfather Anne de Montmorency was captured with his king, Francis I, at the Battle of Pavia in February 1525.
Henri was one of the most important men in the kingdom, holding the prestigious rank of First Prince of the Blood (Prince du Sang). The couple married on 16 March 1586, Henri completely enamoured by his attractive wife who was sixteen years younger than he.
At the death of her husband in March 1588, she was accused of his alleged poisoning, as was one servant of the Condé's household by the name of Brillant, who was put to death after being tortured. At the time, she was three months pregnant. She was imprisoned in a tower of the castle at Saint-Jean-d'Angély, where she gave birth to her son Henri de Bourbon. Tried and condemned to death, she appealed her judgment to the Parlement de Paris, and after six years imprisonment was freed and rehabilitated. In 1596, she abjured the Calvinist religion and became a Catholic.
At the extinction of the House of Valois in 1589, after king Henri III's assassination, Henri IV, the first Bourbon king of France, recognised the infant Henri as the son of the late Condé giving the rank of First Prince of the Blood back to the Condé's, thus making her son Heir presumptive to the throne until the birth of the future Louis XIII in 1601.
Charlotte Catherine was buried at the (demolished in the 19th century) church of the Sainte-Claire de l'Ave Maria monastery (monastère Sainte-Claire de l'Ave Maria), situated not far from the Hôtel de Sens in Paris.
- Éléonore de Bourbon (30 April 1587–20 January 1619) married Philip William, Prince of Orange, no issue;
- Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (1 September 1588–26 December 1646) married Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency and had issue including le Grand Condé.
|Ancestors of Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille|
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 1568 – 16 March 1586 Mademoiselle de La Trémoille
- 16 March 1586 – 5 March 1588 Her Serene Highness the Princess of Condé
- 5 March 1588 – 29 August 1629 Her Serene Highness the Dowager Princess of Condé
References and notes
- van de Pas, Leo. "Charlotte Catherine de La Trémouille". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
- Béguin, Katia. Le Princes de Condé. Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
- Mémoires de Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully, principal Ministre de Henri le Grand, Tome Premier, Livre Troisième, nouvelle édition, Londres, 1747; p. 275 (Fr)
- Béthune, Maximilien de. Memoirs of the Duke of Sully. Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-23.