Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille

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Charlotte Catherine
Princess of Condé
Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille, Princess of Condé by Ribou.png
Spouse Henri de Bourbon
Issue
Detail
Éléonore, Princess of Orange
Henri, Prince of Condé
Full name
Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille
House House of Bourbon
House of de La Trémoille
Father Louis de La Trémoille
Mother Jeanne de Montmorency
Born 1568[1]
France
Died 29 August 1629
Paris, France
Burial Église du monastère Sainte-Claire de l'Ave Maria, Paris, France

Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoille (1568 – 29 August 1629) was a French noblewoman and Princess of Condé by marriage. She was a member of the House of de La Trémoille.

Biography[edit]

The youngest of five children born to the Duke and Duchess of Thouars, she was a member of the de La Trémoille family, one of the oldest and most renowned in France. Her father was closely tied with the royal family of France (the House of Valois). Her maternal grandfather Anne de Montmorency was captured with his king, Francis I, at the Battle of Pavia in February 1525.

Her future husband, Henri de Bourbon, Prince de Condé was the son of the late Louis de Bourbon, Prince de Condé and Eléanor de Roucy de Roye.

Henri was one of the most important men in the kingdom, holding the prestigious rank of First Prince of the Blood (Prince du Sang). The couple married on 16 March 1586,[1] Henri completely enamoured by his attractive wife who was sixteen years younger than he.

As part of her dowry of 60,000 livres, she brought numerous new property into the Bourbon family which helped settle the debts of her husband family.[2]

At the death of her husband in March 1588, she was accused of his alleged poisoning, as was one servant of the Condé's household by the name of Brillant, who was put to death after being tortured.[3] At the time, she was three months pregnant.[4] She was imprisoned in a tower of the castle at Saint-Jean-d'Angély, where she gave birth to her son Henri de Bourbon. Tried and condemned to death, she appealed her judgment to the Parlement de Paris, and after six years imprisonment was freed and rehabilitated. In 1596, she abjured the Calvinist religion and became a Catholic.[5]

At the extinction of the House of Valois in 1589,[1] after king Henri III's assassination, Henri IV, the first Bourbon king of France, recognised the infant Henri as the son of the late Condé giving the rank of First Prince of the Blood back to the Condé's, thus making her son Heir presumptive to the throne until the birth of the future Louis XIII in 1601.[1]

Charlotte Catherine was buried at the (demolished in the 19th century) church of the Sainte-Claire de l'Ave Maria monastery (monastère Sainte-Claire de l'Ave Maria), situated not far from the Hôtel de Sens in Paris.

Issue[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 1568 – 16 March 1586 Mademoiselle de La Trémoille
  • 16 March 1586 – 5 March 1588 Her Serene Highness the Princess of Condé
  • 5 March 1588 – 29 August 1629 Her Serene Highness the Dowager Princess of Condé

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d van de Pas, Leo. "Charlotte Catherine de La Trémouille". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  2. ^ Béguin, Katia. Le Princes de Condé. Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  3. ^ Mémoires de Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully, principal Ministre de Henri le Grand, Tome Premier, Livre Troisième, nouvelle édition, Londres, 1747; p. 275 (Fr)
  4. ^ Béthune, Maximilien de. Memoirs of the Duke of Sully. Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  5. ^ http://www.thouars.fr/VAH/decouverte/mercredisdelhistoire/lestresorsdumusee/charlottecatherinedelatremoille.htm

See also[edit]