Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore

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Charlotte Doyle
Lady Baltimore
Spouse(s) Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore
Christopher Crowe

Issue

Noble family Lee
House of Stuart (distaff)
Father Edward Henry Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield
Mother Lady Charlotte Fitzroy
Born 13 March 1678 (Old Style); 23 March 1678 (New Style)
St. James's Park, St. James, London, England
Died 22 January 1721 (Old Style); 1 February 1721 (New Style)
Woodford Hall, Woodford, Essex, England
Religion Anglican

Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore (13 March 1678 Old Style – 22 January 1721 Old Style), was an English noblewoman, and granddaughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress Barbara Villiers. She married in 1699, Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore, from whom she separated in 1705; and later, married Christopher Crowe.[1] She was the mother of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, and of Benedict Leonard Calvert, who was Governor of Maryland, from 1727–1731.

Charlotte Lee was the granddaughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress Barbara Villiers, whose portrait is seen here

Early life[edit]

Lady Charlotte Lee was born on 13 March 1678 at St. James's Park, St. James, London.[2] She was the eldest of at least fourteen children of Edward Henry Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield (4 February 1663 – 14 July 1716) and Lady Charlotte Fitzroy (5 September 1664 – 17 February 1718), illegitimate daughter of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine, Duchess of Cleveland.[2]

Lady Charlotte's mother was thirteen years old at the time of her birth, having married the Earl of Lichfield at the age of twelve.[3]

Her paternal grandparents were Sir Francis Henry Lee of Ditchley, 4th Baronet of Quarendon and Elizabeth Pope, daughter of Thomas Pope, 2nd Earl of Downe.

Marriage to Lord Baltimore[edit]

On 2 January 1699, at the age of twenty, she married her first husband Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (21 March 1679 – 16 April 1715), son of Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore and Jane Lowe.[2]

Charlotte assumed the title of Lady Baltimore in February 1715, when her husband succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Baltimore upon the death of his father, the third Baron. The title of Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland had been lost to the third Baron during the Glorious Revolution and would be restored to Charles Calvert, the son of Charlotte and Benedict, upon the latter's death on 16 April 1715.

Charlotte and Lord Baltimore had six children:

Marriage to Christopher Crowe[edit]

Charlotte and Lord Baltimore were divorced in 1705.[5]

She married her second husband Christopher Crowe (c.1681 – 9 November 1749), Consul of Livorno, sometime before 10 December 1719. Charlotte was three years her husband's senior. This marriage produced four more children.

Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, was the eldest son of Charlotte Lee and her first husband, Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore

Charlotte's four children from her second marriage:

  • Christopher Crowe (1716–1776), married Barbara Duncombe
  • Catherine Crowe (1717 – ?), married Roger Henry Gale
  • Charlotte Crowe (1718–1742)
  • George Crowe (25 November 1719 – 10 October 1782), married Anne Swift, by whom he had a son Robert

Death and legacy[edit]

Charlotte Lee died of rheumatism[6] on 22 January 1721 at Woodford Hall, Woodford, Essex. She was buried at Woodford on 29 January 1721. She died intestate and her estate was administered on 4 March 1721 at Woodford Hall.

Her many descendants included British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden, and George Washington Parke Custis, the step-grandson and adopted son of American President George Washington.[citation needed]

In fiction[edit]

Charlotte Lee appears as a minor character in Anya Seton's historical romance Devil Water.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ThePeerage.com.pp7641.#76403
  2. ^ a b c ThePeerage.com.pp.7641.#76403
  3. ^ Antonia Fraser, King Charles II, p.414
  4. ^ a b c d e f ThePeerage.com
  5. ^ Delany, Mary, p.247, The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs Delany: With Interesting Reminiscences of King George the Third and Queen Charlotte Retrieved January 2014
  6. ^ ThePeerage.com.p.7641.#76403

Sources[edit]

  • G.E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extanct, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910–1959)
  • Antonia Fraser, King Charles II, Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd., London, 1979
  • www.ThePeerage.com.pp. 7641,#76403
  • Antonia Fraser, King Charles II,p. 414

External links[edit]