Charlton County, Georgia

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Charlton County, Georgia
CHARLTON COUNTY COURTHOUSE.jpg
Charlton County courthouse in Folkston, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Charlton County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Named for Robert M. Charlton
Seat Folkston
Largest city Folkston
Area
 • Total 782.97 sq mi (2,028 km2)
 • Land 780.77 sq mi (2,022 km2)
 • Water 2.20 sq mi (6 km2), .28%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 13,295
 • Density 16/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Charlton County is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2010, the population was 12,171. The county seat is Folkston.[1]

History[edit]

Charlton County was created from a portion of Camden County, Georgia by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on February 18, 1854. The original county seat was at Trader's Hill, until 1901. Additional lands from Ware County, Georgia, were added to Charlton's borders by an 1855 act of the General Assembly. In 1856, an additional legislative act redefined the Charlton–Camden borders again with each county ceding land to the other.[2]

The county is named for Robert Milledge Charlton, a U. S. Senator from Georgia.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 782.97 square miles (2,027.9 km2), of which 780.77 square miles (2,022.2 km2) (or 99.72%) is land and 2.20 square miles (5.7 km2) (or 0.28%) is water.[4] It is the southernmost county in Georgia. A large portion of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas.

Major highways[edit]

U.S. highways[edit]

State routes[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,780
1870 1,897 6.6%
1880 2,154 13.5%
1890 3,335 54.8%
1900 3,592 7.7%
1910 4,722 31.5%
1920 4,536 −3.9%
1930 4,381 −3.4%
1940 5,256 20.0%
1950 4,821 −8.3%
1960 5,313 10.2%
1970 5,680 6.9%
1980 7,343 29.3%
1990 8,496 15.7%
2000 10,282 21.0%
2010 12,171 18.4%
Est. 2012 13,295 9.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

Of the census[7] of 2000, there were 10,282 people, 3,342 households, and 2,499 families residing in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,859 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.59% White, 29.26% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,342 households out of which 37.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.20% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 112.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,869, and the median income for a family was $33,364. Males had a median income of $26,631 versus $17,978 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,920. About 17.80% of families and 20.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 20.40% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Charlton County, Georgia at Wikimedia Commons

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ New Georgia Encyclopedia: Charlton County
  3. ^ georgia.gov - Charlton County
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 30°47′N 82°08′W / 30.78°N 82.14°W / 30.78; -82.14