Charly-sur-Marne

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Charly-sur-Marne
Charly église St-Martin 1280.jpg
Coat of arms of Charly-sur-Marne
Coat of arms
Charly-sur-Marne is located in France
Charly-sur-Marne
Charly-sur-Marne
Coordinates: 48°58′41″N 3°17′10″E / 48.9781°N 3.2861°E / 48.9781; 3.2861Coordinates: 48°58′41″N 3°17′10″E / 48.9781°N 3.2861°E / 48.9781; 3.2861
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Château-Thierry
Canton Charly-sur-Marne
Intercommunality Charly sur Marne
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Claude Langrene
Area
 • Land1 20.52 km2 (7.92 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 2,700
 • Population2 density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02163 / 02310
Elevation 57–211 m (187–692 ft)
(avg. 63 m or 207 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Charly-sur-Marne is a commune in the Aisne department in Picardy in northern France.

Charly was an old fortified city dating from 9th century Burgundy, it was renamed Charly-sur-Marne in 2006.[1]

Geography[edit]

The old city lies to the north of the Marne. The river has moved south through accretion since the town was originally built. Across the river are the villages of Nogent-l'Artaud and Pavant. The town of Charly is halfway between La Ferté-sous-Jouarre and Château-Thierry, and halfway between Paris and Rheims.

History[edit]

Map showing British advance at the First Battle of the Marne, 1914

There is archaeological evidence of a Roman town on the site. The name of the town is a shortened form of Charles, believed to have been so named because Charles Martel had one of his palaces here. In 858 Charles the Bald, granted rights to establish the female abbey of Notre-Dame de Soissons, which included extensive seigniory lands in Charly, which dedicated lands lasted until the French revolution. Before 1789, Charly did not have a local government. It was managed by the provost, then baillif, of the abbess of Notre-Dame de Soissons. After the revolution, in 1792, the former vicar of Charly became mayor.

In 1652, the troops of Cardinal Mazarini were defeated by the Huguenots outside the walls of Charly.

Louis Emile Morlot (*1859, 1907), was the mayor of Charly, a French Deputy, and the leader in the legal battle to keep the name Champagne restricted to the sparking wine produced from the vineyards located between Crouttes-sur-Marne and Trélou. This protection was ensured by the Treaty of Madrid (1891).

In the First World War, the German First Army under von Kluck had occupied Charly, when in the First Battle of the Marne, the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) counter-attack crossed the Marne at Charly.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1962 1,658 —    
1968 1,974 +19.1%
1975 2,055 +4.1%
1982 2,395 +16.5%
1990 2,475 +3.3%
1999 2,769 +11.9%
2008 2,700 −2.5%

Economy[edit]

Charly has extensive vineyards (950 ha.) of Chardonnay and in particular Pinot Meunier (or just Meunier) grapes used in the production of Champagne (appellation controlled).

Sights[edit]

  • The Convent of the Cordeliers with its many towers.
  • St. Martin's Church
  • The Tomb of Commandant Cornette (a General of Napoleon)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]