Buchanania lanzan

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Buchanania lanzan
Charoli.JPG
Charoli nuts
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Buchanania
Species: Buchanania lanzan
Binomial name
B. lanzan
Spreng.

Buchanania lanzan is a tree which produces the seeds known as charoli (Hindi: चारोली; Marathi: चारोळी; chironji or chiraunji, Hindi: चिरौन्जी; Tamilசாரப்பருப்பு, saaraparuppu ?) These seeds are used as a cooking spice primarily in India.[1] Charoli are tiny almond-flavoured dried seeds of a bush called Buchanania lanzan, which is cultivated across India, primarily in the northwest. After the hard shell is cracked, the stubby seed within is as soft as a pine nut.[1]

The charoli seed is lentil-sized, is slightly flattened and has an almond-like flavour. Though they can be eaten and used raw they are often toasted or roasted before use, as this intensifies the flavour.[2]

They are commonly used in sweets in India. However, they are also ground into powders for thickening savory sauces and flavoring batters, and stewed into rich, meaty kormas.[1]

Charoli seeds are used in the Ayurveda and Unani systems of medicine.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bowen, Dana (April 28, 2004). "TEMPTATION; Charoli Nuts Flavor the Dishes, and Memories, of Indian Chefs". New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Celtnet Spice Guide Engtry for Chironji". Celtnet Spice Guide. August 11, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012. 
  3. ^ Pankaj Oudhia, Robert E. Paull. Chironji Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Anacardiaceae p14- 15. Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - 2008, J. Janick and R. E. Paull -editors, CABI, Wallingford, United Kingdom