Charouine

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Charouine
ﺷﺮوﻳﻦ
Town and commune
Location of Charouine commune within Adrar Province
Location of Charouine commune within Adrar Province
Charouine is located in Algeria
Charouine
Charouine
Location of Charouine within Algeria
Coordinates: 29°1′7″N 0°15′28″W / 29.01861°N 0.25778°W / 29.01861; -0.25778Coordinates: 29°1′7″N 0°15′28″W / 29.01861°N 0.25778°W / 29.01861; -0.25778
Country Algeria
Province Adrar
District Charouine
Elevation 285 m (935 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 11,347
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Charouine (Arabic: ﺷﺮوﻳﻦ‎) is a town and commune, and capital of Charouine District, in Adrar Province, south-central Algeria. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 11,347,[1] up from 8,678 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 1.8%.[1]

Geography[edit]

Charouine lies at an elevation of 285 metres (935 ft) near an oasis, part of the Gourara region of northern Adrar Province. Groves of trees are found around the main town; to the north-west the terrain is dominated by rocky areas and sand dunes, while to the south-east near the village of Taguelzi the terrain falls away dramatically, featuring cliffs up to 50 metres (160 ft) high.

Climate[edit]

Charouine has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with extremely hot summers and mild winters, and very little precipitation throughout the year.

Climate data for Charouine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
22.3
(72.1)
27.1
(80.8)
32.2
(90)
36.1
(97)
42.2
(108)
45.5
(113.9)
44.1
(111.4)
39.7
(103.5)
32.4
(90.3)
24.9
(76.8)
18.9
(66)
32.07
(89.74)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
14.6
(58.3)
19.0
(66.2)
23.9
(75)
27.8
(82)
33.5
(92.3)
36.8
(98.2)
35.7
(96.3)
31.8
(89.2)
25.0
(77)
18.0
(64.4)
12.4
(54.3)
24.2
(75.55)
Average low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
6.9
(44.4)
10.9
(51.6)
15.7
(60.3)
19.6
(67.3)
24.9
(76.8)
28.1
(82.6)
27.3
(81.1)
24.0
(75.2)
17.7
(63.9)
11.1
(52)
6.0
(42.8)
16.38
(61.49)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
4
(0.16)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
2
(0.08)
19
(0.76)
Source: climate-data.org[3]

Transportation[edit]

Charouine lies on the N51 national highway that connects the N6 national highway in the southwest to the N1 national highway further east (in southern Ghardaïa Province). The N6 national highway then leads north to Béchar and south to Adrar, while the N1 leads north to Ghardaïa and south to Tamanrasset. The town of Timimoun is located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) to the east, also on the N51, while the provincial capital Adrar is about 150 kilometres (93 mi) to the south by road.

Education[edit]

2.8% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 8.4% has completed secondary education.[4] The overall literacy rate is 54.2%, and is 71.8% among males and 35.0% among females.[5]

Localities[edit]

As of 1984, the commune was composed of ten localities:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population: Wilaya d'Adrar" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climate data for: Charouine". climate-data.org. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'Adrar" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1473. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)


Neighbouring towns and cities