|Uruguay and Entre Ríos Province, Argentina|
|Linguistic classification:||Mataco–Guaicuru ?
Pre-contact distribution of the Charruan languages
Four languages are considered to definitively belong to the Charruan language family:
A number of unattested languages are also presumed to belong to the Charruan family:
- Bohane – spoken near Maldonado, Uruguay
- Calchine – spoken in Santa Fe Province, Argentina, along the Salado River
- Caracañá – spoken along the Caracañá River, Santa Fe
- Chaná-Mbegua or Begua – spoken on the Paraná River between Crespo and Victoria
- Colastiné – spoken in Santa Fe Province near Colastiné
- Corondá – spoken in Coronda, Santa Fe Province
- Guaiquiaré – spoken in Entre Ríos on the Arroyo Guaiquiraré
- Mocoreta or Macurendá or Mocolete – spoken along the Mocoretá River in Entre Ríos
- Pairindi – spoken in Entre Ríos from Corrientes to the Feliciano River
- Timbu – spoken in Gaboto, Santa Fe Province
- Yaro – spoken in Uruguay between the Río Negro and the San Salvador River
The Charruan languages are poorly attested. However, sufficient vocabulary has been gathered for the languages to be compared:
Jorge Suárez includes Charruan with Guaicuruan in a hypothetical Waikuru-Charrúa stock. Morris Swadesh includes Charruan along with Guaicuruan, Matacoan, and Mascoyan within his Macro-Mapuche stock. Both proposals appear to be obsolete.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Charruan". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- La Nación, "Investigan los orígenes de una extraña lengua indígena" 2005/July/01
- Loukotka, Čestmír (1968), Classification of South American Indian Languages, Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center