Chas Gerretsen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Chas Gerretsen (born 22 July 1943 in Groningen, Netherlands[1]) is a Dutch-born award winning, war photographer, photojournalist and film advertising photographer.

His photographs of armed conflicts, Hollywood films and Celebrity Portraits have been published in most major magazines throughout the world.

Chas Gerretsen and Carabinero, Chile, August 1973

Life[edit]

Gerretsen left the Netherlands at the age of sixteen and after travelling through Europe for two years, immigrated to Australia in 1961. He first started to take pictures while working as a crocodile hunter in Cape York Peninsula, (Queensland, Australia)

In 1963 he immigrated to the U.S.A., landing in San Pedro, California, and while working as a cowboy in Falfurrias, (Texas, U.S.A.) bought a movie camera and shot his first film footage.

In 1967 he arrived in Singapore and hitch-hiked through Malaysia to Bangkok, (Thailand) and via Kanchanaburi to the Three Pagodas Pass where he spent three months with the pro-U Nu Burmese rebels under the command of General Bo Yan Naing.

He traveled through Laos, Cambodia and entered South Vietnam, on February 14, 1968 with the equivalent of US $0.75 in his pocket.

In 1969, he left South Vietnam and covered the devastating floods in East Pakistan before returning to Europe.

From 1970 to 1975, Chas would continue to photograph war, political upheavals, elections, droughts and conflicts in Cambodia, South Vietnam, Chile, Argentine, Colombia, Venezuela, Dominican Republic and Peru.

1975-1989 He resided in Hollywood, working on feature films in, as well as outside the USA.

Vietnam (1968/69)[edit]

On February 14, 1968, (during the Tet Offensive) he walked from Cambodia into South Vietnam (via Go Dau Ha)[2] and soon thereafter started his career as a freelance photojournalist and cinematographer. He became friends with Dana Stone and his wife Louise[3] and acquired his first Nikon F with a 105 mm lens from Dana as well as his first lessons in what not to do when out on patrol.

In April 1968, he became a staff cameraman for UPITN but after one month had enough of being told what to do and became a freelance cameraman for ABC TV and as a freelance photojournalist sold his still negatives to Time/Life, Newsweek and U.P.I..

At the end of '68 and beginning 1969, there was a relative quiet in South Vietnam and Chas as well as many of the other "resident" war photographers, left (among others: Sean Flynn and Dana Stone), only to return upon the American invasion of Cambodia.

Cambodia (1970/72)[edit]

In 1970, when hearing of the American invasion of Cambodia Chas bought a train ticket in Paris on the Orient Express to Istanbul, Turkey, and traveled on by bus through Iran, Afghanistan (Khyber Pass) to West Pakistan and from there, he flew to Phnom Penh, Cambodia. While in Cambodia, he continued working freelance and in addition started contributing articles (under the pseudonym of Bill Steiner) to the Copley News Service.

In 1972, he joined the French photo agency Gamma.

Chile (1973)[edit]

General Augusto Pinochet taken on 19 September 1973 in a Catholic church in Santiago

In 1973 he won the Robert Capa Gold Medal [4] with David Burnett and Raymond Depardon. He is best known for his coverage of the 1973 Chilean coup d'état. His famous photograph [5] of General Pinochet became the embodiment of the Latin American Dictator, the opposite side of the political spectrum to Alberto Korda photograph of Che Gueverra (Guerrillero Heroico). The image of General Pinochet has an unusual history: it was used on posters, flyers and banners and was often reworked to portray the general as an inhuman monster.[6] The first time Chas photographed General Pinochet, unwittingly,[7] was on June 19, 1973 during the failed "Coup d'Etat", known as El Tancazo, which the general, ironically, helped put down.

The images taken by Chas on the 11th of September, 1973 were used in the initial concept of the reconstruction of the coup d'état in the film 'The House of the Spirits" based on the novel of the same name by Isabel Allende, a niece of the former president Salvador Allende.[8]

Hollywood (1975-1989)[edit]

In 1975, while visiting Gamma offices in Paris, wondering where to go next, a fellow Gamma photographer suggested, sarcastically, "why don't you go and find yourself a war in Hollywood."

In June 1975, Chas started the Hollywood office for Gamma and in 1977 co-founded the photo agency Mega Productions Inc. In 1976 he was hired as the still photographer for the war film Apocalypse Now.[9]

Apart from his still photographs, his contribution to the film was the suggestion, during a lunch with Francis Ford Coppola regarding the scene where a TV correspondent (played by Francis Ford Coppola) yells at some passing soldiers, ”Don’t look at the camera.” "..that if Francis wanted to mock TV correspondents in South Vietnam he should create a photojournalist because, "we were all crazy.”

A couple of days later, after the arrival of Dennis Hopper, Chas was asked by Jerry Ziesmer [10] to report to Francis Ford Coppola: "on how to dress a combat photographer." From that moment on the role of Dennis Hopper as head honcho (Lieutenant Colby) for Colonel Kurtz (Marlon Brando) was changed into that of a photojournalist. Chas sold three of his old Nikon F cameras with lenses to American Zoetrope and they were used by Dennis Hopper in the film.[11]

Lee Beaupre,[12] publicist for "Apocalypse Now[13] " until his murder in 1979, wrote in a publicity release on Chas Gerretsen as a war photographer for Apocalypse Now, "From Real to Reel". "His (Chas Gerretsen's) photographic career had come full circle." The release was later withdrawn since it was decided that Sean Flynn, son of actor Errol Flynn had more publicity value.

In 1984 Chas produced and directed a one hour documentary “The Longest Holiday” a view on the Joys of Aging in Sun City, Arizona which was bought by RAI, ORTF and the BBC.

During (1975 - 1989) his time in Hollywood he worked, as a “special advertising and publicity photographer”, on over a hundred feature films.

After leaving the French photo agency Gamma over 80.000 of his photographic negatives and slides were missing, including many from Chile.

The remainder of his files are now stored in the archives of the Netherlands Photo Museum[14]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gerretsen, Chas. In: Wim van Sinderen et al.: Fotografen in Nederland : een anthologie 1852-2002. Ludion, Amsterdam; Fotomuseum, Den Haag 2002, ISBN 90-76588-35-X, S. 124–125.
  • Veronica Hekking: Een foto als voertuig van de macht. Gebruik en hergebruik van Chas Gerretsens portret van Augusto Pinochet. In: Nelke Bartelings et al. (Hrsg.): Beelden in veelvoud. De vermenigvuldiging van het beeld in prentkunst en fotografie. Leids Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek 12, Leiden 2002, S. 409–426.

Quotes[edit]

  • On War: "Truth is a personal observation - as is photography. Reality is." (1976)
  • On Goals: "I'm going nowhere in particular, and I'm in no hurry to get there." (1989)
  • On Beliefs: "A "Belief" equals personal need, based on fear and fantasy." (2005)