Chase County, Kansas
|Chase County, Kansas|
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 11, 1859|
|Named for||Salmon P. Chase|
778.01 sq mi (2,015 km²)
775.89 sq mi (2,010 km²)
2.12 sq mi (5 km²), 0.27%
4.0/sq mi (1.5/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Chase County (county code CS) is a county located in Central Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,790. Its county seat and most populous city is Cottonwood Falls. Chase County is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.
The county has been the subject of a book by William Least Heat-Moon. Notre Dame coach Knute Rockne died in a 1931 plane crash in the county. The Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve was established in the county in 1996. The center of population of Kansas is located in Chase County, about four miles north of Strong City.
19th century 
For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1806, Zebulon Pike led the Pike expedition westward from St Louis, Missouri, of which part of their journey followed the Cottonwood River through Chase County. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was founded.
In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton. In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line". In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway.
The south-western border one mile "notch" into Marion County was established under unusual circumstances. A murder had occurred and Marion County didn't want to have the trial, so a section one mile wide and eighteen miles long was ceded to Chase County to ensure the murder had occurred there. The one mile strip of land remains in Chase County to this day.
Law and government 
Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1988, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 778.01 square miles (2,015.0 km2), of which 775.89 square miles (2,009.5 km2) (or 99.73%) is land and 2.12 square miles (5.5 km2) (or 0.27%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Morris County (north)
- Lyon County (east)
- Greenwood County (southeast)
- Butler County (southwest)
- Marion County (west)
National protected area 
Major highways 
- Interstate 35 All of I-35 in Chase County is part of the Kansas Turnpike and inaccessible to the general public from within the county. The closest access points are via U.S. Route 50 in Emporia or Kansas Highway 177 in Cassoday. There is a private interchange located southeast of Bazaar for loading cattle. The overpass names the interchange the "Bazaar Cattle Crossing."
- U.S. Route 50
- Kansas Highway 150
- Kansas Highway 177
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 3,030 people, 1,246 households, and 817 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,529 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.90% White, 1.02% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.
There were 1,246 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 31.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,656, and the median income for a family was $39,848. Males had a median income of $27,402 versus $21,528 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,422. About 4.10% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns 
Incorporated cities 
Name and population (2006 estimate):
Unincorporated places 
Ghost towns 
Chase County is divided into nine townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Bazaar||04700||81||0 (1)||293 (113)||0 (0)||0.17%|
|Cedar||11225||116||1 (2)||142 (55)||0 (0)||0.22%|
|Cottonwood||15875||184||1 (2)||209 (81)||0 (0)||0.23%|
|Diamond Creek||17975||237||1 (2)||373 (144)||1 (0)||0.24%|
|Falls||22850||Cottonwood Falls||1,163||9 (23)||131 (51)||1 (0)||0.42%|
|Homestead||32950||52||0 (1)||141 (54)||0 (0)||0.27%|
|Matfield||45125||155||0 (1)||316 (122)||1 (0)||0.29%|
|Strong||68600||Strong City||740||4 (11)||172 (67)||0 (0)||0.24%|
|Toledo||70775||302||1 (3)||233 (90)||1 (0)||0.44%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.|
Unified school districts 
- USD 284, Chase County
- District Office In Neighboring County
Made famous by William Least Heat-Moon's epic book PrairyErth: A Deep Map (1991).
NRHP sites 
The following sites in Chase County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
State Historical Markers 
- A Landmark of Distinction - The Chase County Courthouse
- Chase County & The Bluestem Pasture Region of Kansas
- The Bluestem Pasture Region of Kansas
- W. B. Strong Memorial Railroad Park
Historical Maps 
1891 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway route map from Grain Dealers and Shippers Gazetteer.
1900-1905 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway route map of regular stops
See also 
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Chase County, Kansas
- Cottonwood River and Great Flood of 1951
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
- "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- 1806 Pike Expedition map through Chase County.
- Santa Fe Rail History
- Kansas State Historical Society - Marion County
- "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- "Chase". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- National Atlas
- U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
- Google Maps Street View
- The census population cited for 1860 includes Otoe county which was annexed before 1870. In 1860, the census population was 808 for Chase and 238 for Otoe.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-06-28.
Further reading 
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chase County, Kansas|
- Chase County - Official Website
- Chase County - Directory of Public Officials
- Chase County - Chamber of Commerce
- Chase County - Information, Skyways
- Chase County Map, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Map, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Map, KDOT
- Kansas School District Boundary Map, KSDE
||Morris County||Morris County||Lyon County|
|Marion County||Lyon County|
|Butler County||Butler County||Greenwood County|