Chase YCG-14

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YCG-14
Chase XCG-14.jpg
Role Assault glider
Manufacturer Chase Aircraft
Designer Michael Stroukoff
First flight January 4, 1945
Primary user United States Air Force
Produced 3
Developed into Chase CG-18

The Chase CG-14, also known as the G-14 or Model MS.1, was an assault glider manufactured by Chase Aircraft for the United States Army Air Forces during the Second World War. The aircraft failed to progress beyond the prototype stage, being overtaken by larger, improved glider designs.

Design and development[edit]

The first aircraft to be developed by Chase after its founding in 1943, the CG-14 was developed in preference to the Laister-Kauffman CG-10.[1] Constructed from marine-grade mahogany, as spruce wood was being used by the war effort in higher priority projects,[2] the XG-14 featured improved crash protection when compared to preceding gliders.[3]

Operational history[edit]

The XCG-14 made its maiden flight on January 4, 1945,[4] and following successful flight trials the aircraft was developed into two improved versions, the wood-and-metal XCG-14A[5] and the enlarged YCG-14A.[6]

The CG-14 was one of the few glider projects to be continued after the end of the war; however, it was quickly superseded by an improved aircraft, the XCG-18.[6]

Variants[edit]

Chase MS.1
Company designation for the XCG-14
XCG-14
First prototype, all-wooden.[5] 16 seats.[4]
XCG-14A
Wood and metal version of XCG-14.[5] 24 seats.[4]
YCG-14A/YG-14A
Production prototype version of XCG-14A, superseded by XCG-14B.[6]
Chase MS.7
Company designation for the XCG-14B
XCG-14B/XG-14B
Enlarged, improved variant, redesignated XCG-18, 2 built.[6]

Specifications (XCG-14)[edit]

Data from Fighting Gliders of World War II[7]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity:
  • One 1-ton 4 x 4 truck + 3 soldiers
  • One M3A1 75 mm howitzer + crew
  • 18 troops fully equipped
  • Length: 42 ft 10.5 in (13.069 m)
  • Wingspan: 71 ft 9.6 in (21.885 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 9.60 in (2.0726 m)
  • Wing area: 507 sq ft (47.1 m2)
  • Aspect ratio: 10.18
  • Airfoil: NACA 23016[8]
  • Empty weight: 3,237 lb (1,468 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,605 lb (3,450 kg)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 170 mph (274 km/h; 148 kn) Maximum Aero-tow speed
  • Stall speed: 60 mph (52 kn; 97 km/h) flaps down
  • Never exceed speed: 200 mph (174 kn; 322 km/h)

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Bangash p.252.
  2. ^ Visschedijk 2009
  3. ^ Air Force Association. Air Force Magazine, volume 32, p.24.
  4. ^ a b c Jane 1948
  5. ^ a b c Flying magazine, Vols. 48-49, p.48
  6. ^ a b c d Mitchell 1992, p.164.
  7. ^ MRAZEK, JAMES E. (1 January 1977). Fighting Gliders of World War II (1st edition ed.). LONDON: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312289278. 
  8. ^ Lednicer 2010
Bibliography