|Born||February 14, 1923
|Died||February 9, 2010
New York, United States
|Known for||International Chairman of Daf Yomi|
Chaskel Besser (February 12, 1923 – February 9, 2010) was a well known Orthodox rabbi for much of the 20th and early 21st century, living in Manhattan, New York. He was born in Katowice, Poland and lived there until the dual Nazi and Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939. He was affiliated with Congregation B'nei Israel in New York. He was the most prominent member of Radomsk Chassidic movement.
His original family name, Koszycki, was changed by his father while the family still lived in Poland. His father, a successful businessman, and close associate of the Radomsker Rebbe, moved to pre-war Palestine. After Rabbi Besser escaped Poland and Europe in 1939, he was reunited with his family in Tel Aviv. He came to the United States in 1949, together with members of his family.
He is the subject of a book written by Warren Kozak called The Rabbi of 84th Street. He appeared in the television program The Jews of New York talking about the experience of Jews in pre-World War II Germany.
He achieved renown as a leader of the American Agudath Israel movement, where he helped reestablish American Jewish Orthodoxy in the aftermath of World War Two. He was close to several chassidic groups including Lubavitch, Bluzhev and Ger. He was the International Chairman of Daf Yomi for many years, helping to promote the daily study of Talmud. http://www.youtube.com/embed/45IT_jnabp4
Rabbi Besser was the principal spiritual leader of the renewal of Polish Jewish life, and traveled their frequently to teach until not long before the end of his life. He helped to find Jews and rebuild Jewish life in Poland towards the end of the communist era, partnering with Ronald S. Lauder. This partnership established Rabbi Besser as the Director of the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation for Poland.
He found Rabbi Michael Schudrich, currently Chief Rabbi of Poland, to move Poland to establish Jewish communal life, on behalf of the Lauder Foundation. In addition to his work to restore Jewish communal life, he also helped restore many Jewish holy sites in Poland, negotiating with the Polish government on preserving the legacy of Polish Jewry before the war. One of those Jewish cemeteries is in Oświęcim, where his maternal grandparents are buried.
Among his children are Rabbi Shlomo Besser, a Rabbi and teacher active for the cemeteries of Eastern Europe and Aliza Grund, President of the women's division of the Agudah. His two other children are Mrs. Debbie Rosenberg of London, England and Rabbi Naftali Besser of Brooklyn, New York. Yisroel Besser, author of Warmed By Their Fire, is his grandson.
Rabbi Yonah Bookstein, former Director of The Ronald S. Lauder Foundation in Poland, and currently a Director of JConnect and Jewlicious Festival, is one of his students. In 1992, Besser sent Bookstein to Poland to work at the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation Summer Camp with Rabbi Schudrich.
- Satterwhite, C.J.; Michael Molyneux (August 1, 2004). "New York Bookshelf/Nonfiction: From Pastoral Cemetery To Cluttered Skyline". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
- Kozak, Warren (2005, © 2004). The Rabbi of 84th Street: The Extraordinary Life of Haskel Besser (1st ed. ed.). New York, NY: HarperCollins. pp. ix, 200 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-06-051101-X.
- Austerlitz, Saul (November 12, 2004). "An American Journalist's Hasidic Tale. Review of The Rabbi of 84th Street: The Extraordinary Life of Haskel Besser". Forward. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
- Stol, Ira (September 24, 2004). "An Unlikely Yom Kippur Friendship". The New York Sun. Retrieved 2008-04-27.