Chattha Tribe Is One Of Largest Tribes Of Punjab. The Chatha tribe were originally settled Gujranwala District, in which district they hold 184 villages. They claim to be descended from Chattha, a grandson of Prithvi Raj Chauhan, the Chauhan King of Delhi, and brother (from a different mother) of the ancestor of the Cheema. In the 10th from Chattha, as otherwise stated, some 500 years ago, Dahru came from Sambhal in Moradabad, where the bards of the Karnal Chauhans still live, to the banks of the Chenab and married among the Jat tribes of Gujranwala. They were converted to Islam about 1600 AD. They rose to considerable political importance under the Sikhs.
The Chatha tribe under the warlord Pir Mohd Khan of Rasulnagar and Alipur Chatha held considerable tracts of land under his control until he lost these lands to Ranjit Singh of Sukerchakia Sikhs, who later became Maharaja of Punjab. Under the rule of Ranjit Singh, the Chathas rose to considerable political importance. Chaudhary Khuda Buksh Chattha and Chaudhary Nawab Khan Chattha were generals in the army of Ranjit Singh.
Maha Singh was a chief of the Chatha tribe and lea of the Sukerchakia Misl who's son Ranjit Singh became the Maharajah of Punjab. Now Chattha Tribe Is At its Climax they have a lot of political importance . Hamid Nasir Cahttha is one Of the famous personality of chattha tribe .He was the 9th speaker of national assembly of Pakistan.He also hold a lot of other posts like educational minister etc.Chattha Sangyana is one the famous Sikh Chatthas .
Historically Chathas have been confined to the Gujranwala District. But Slowly they migrated to all parts of punjab including indian punjab.Chattha tribe is totally dominant in Gujranwala district, in which they have 184 villages. Important Chatha villages include Ahmadnagar Chattha,Mandiala Chattha, Jandiala Bagh Wala, Kot Bhaga , Kot Panah Chatha , Dehla chattha, Ali pur Chattha,Mancher Chattha,Shori Chattha ,Bucha Chattha ,Suyan Wala Chattha ,Ramky Chattha ,Jamky Chattha ,Jukhyan Chattha ,Verpal Chattha, Pandori Chattha, Chak Chattha ,Sais Kot Chattha ,Jhamwala Chattha, Rukan pur Chattha ,Sahran Chattha.etc They marry among the Jat tribes of Gujranwala. However, during the 18th Century, the Chatha migrated east to as far as Patiala, and in the west to Attock. As a result of these migrations, the Chatha clan is also found south-east of Rawalpindi District, with Mandar Chatha, Hakim Chatha and Chatha Bakhtawar being the most important. Most of the Rawlpindi Chatha claim to be Rajputs. In neighbouring Jhelum District, they are found in the villages of Chatha and Chak Chatha, and in Gujrat District they are found in the village of Chatha.
In Indian Punjab, Chatha Jats who follow the Sikh faith are found in the districts of Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Patiala. In Jalandhar, there main village is Dhandowal in Nakodar tehsil. These Chatha are immigrants from Gujranwala, and are entirely Sikh.
Chatha villages in the Canal Colonies
Many Chathas migrated to Lyallpur Faisalabad and Montgomery (Sahiwal District) districts during the build-up of the canal network by the British. The group of six Chatha villages of Faisalabad is situated near the town of Chak Jhumra. People of these villages are peculiar in the sense that they are not direct migrants from Gujranwala. They come from Gurdaspur District and are the progeny of one Chatha person who migrated from Gujranwala to Gurdaspur. When the Rakh Branch canal was dug they were allocated agricultural land by the British Indian Government. They came to Faisalabad in 1888 from Gurdaspur District. The Rakh Branch canal is the same canal that irrigates much of the Tehsil Samundri passes from Abdullahpur in Faisalabad, and also irrigates the six Chatha villages. The canal originates at Head Khanki. The towns of Sangla Hill and Salarwala are also situated along this canal.
- A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab & North-west frontier province by H.A. Rose Volume II p. 145
- Gujrat District gazetteer 1921
- A Gazetteer of Gujranwala District 1935 Part A page 82 Civil and Military Gazette Press
- Gujrat District Gazetteer 1921 Part A p. 44
- A Gazetteer of Jalandhar District Part A 1904 page 63