Chatham Borough, New Jersey
- This article is about a borough in New Jersey. For an adjacent township, see Chatham Township. For more information about their shared services, including school and library systems, see The Chathams.
|Chatham Borough, New Jersey|
|Borough of Chatham|
Location of Chatham in Morris County and inset, location of Morris County, highlighted in the state of New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Chatham Borough, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Settled||1710 (as a colonial village)|
|Incorporated||August 19, 1892 (as village)|
|Reincorporated||March 1, 1897 (as borough)|
|• Mayor||Bruce A. Harris (term ends December 31, 2015)|
|• Administrator||Robert Falzarano|
|• Clerk||Robin R. Klein|
|• Total||2.425 sq mi (6.281 km2)|
|• Land||2.373 sq mi (6.147 km2)|
|• Water||0.052 sq mi (0.134 km2) 2.13%|
|Area rank||378th of 566 in state
32nd of 39 in county
|Elevation||233 ft (71 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2014)||9,022|
|• Rank||256th of 566 in state
21st of 39 in county
|• Density||3,776.1/sq mi (1,458.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||166th of 566 in state
5th of 39 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885182|
Chatham is a borough in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, Chatham's population was 8,962, reflecting an increase of 502 (+5.9%) from the 8,460 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 453 (+5.7%) from the 8,007 counted in the 1990 Census.
The community that now is Chatham Borough was first settled by Europeans in 1710 within Morris Township, in what was then the Province of New Jersey. The community was settled because the site already was the location of an important crossing of the Passaic River, as well as being close to a gap in the Watchung Mountains and on the path of a well-worn Native American trail. The residents of the community changed its name from John Day's Bridge to Chatham, New Jersey in 1773.
Chatham's residents were active participants in the American Revolutionary War, which ended in 1783. Chatham Township was formed in the state of New Jersey on February 12, 1806, taking its name from this pre-revolutionary village. The new township governed the village of Chatham, which is included within the present-day borough, along with several other pre-revolutionary, colonial villages and large areas of unsettled lands connecting or adjacent to them. On August 19, 1892, Chatham adopted a new village form of government allowed within townships in the state after the revolution. The village of Chatham reincorporated for governance as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 1, 1897 with complete independence from the surrounding Chatham Township.
Chatham Borough is a pedestrian-friendly community that covers less than 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), including a central business district and railroad station within about a mile from its farthest boundary.
In July 2005, CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Chatham ninth on its annual list of the 100 Best Places to Live in the United States. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Chatham as its twenty-fifth best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 The Fishawack Festival
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Library
- 9 Sister city
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 Historical research resources
- 13 External links
Occupied for thousands of years by Native Americans, this land was overseen by clans of the Minsi and Lenni Lenape, who farmed, fished, and hunted upon it. They were organized into a matrilineal, agricultural, and mobile hunting society sustained with fixed, but not permanent, settlements in their clan territories. Villages were established and relocated as the clans farmed new sections of the land when soil fertility lessened and moved among their fishing and hunting grounds.
In 1498, John Cabot explored this portion of the New World. The area was claimed as a part of the Dutch New Netherland province, where active trading in furs took advantage of the natural pass west, but, the Lenape prevented permanent settlement beyond what is now Jersey City. Although rapid exhaustion of the local beaver population soon turned the Dutch interests much farther north, contention existed between the Dutch and the British over the rights to this land and battles ensued. Passing to the rule of the British as the Province of New Jersey upon the fall of New Amsterdam in 1664, and becoming one of its original thirteen colonies, marks the beginning of permanent European settlements on this land.
The land that would become Chatham was part of the Province of East Jersey; the Indian rights to Chatham were purchased in 1680 from members of the Minsi and Lenni Lenape tribes. They spoke an Algonquian language. They hunted and fished in the area and farmed on the lands of their settlements. The area was well connected with established paths among their settlements, to and from bountiful resources, and to neighboring settlements. Safe passageways through the valleys, marshes, swamps, and mountains of this portion of the Watchung Mountains connected the area which would become Chatham with other settlements in the area. Except for highways built since the 1970s and a shunpike built to avoid tolls on the roads connecting the colonial settlements of Chatham and Bottle Hill, the roads of the area follow those time proven, long trodden trails made by the Indians. Main Street rises from a shallow crossing of the Passaic River and, after traveling through what became the settlements of Chatham and Bottle Hill (which became Madison), the road follows a westward path that leads to the top of the plateau on which Morristown was founded.
In 1680, the British first purchased this Lenape land upon which John Day made the first European settlement in 1710. He chose to settle upon the western bank of the Fishawack Crossing (of the Passaic River) on the traditional Lenape Minisink Trail. Chatham was in the area delineated as Morris Township by the English. The landing at that location was the best place to ford the river and always had been used by the Lenape on their route to the Hudson River and south from their hunting grounds in what is now Sussex County. That traditional part of the Great Trail would become Route 24, leading to Madison, Morristown, Mendham, and Chester. It became known as Main Street in Chatham.
Before long, the village became known as John Day's Bridge because of a bridge he built across the river at the shallow landing. By 1750, the village had a blacksmith shop as well as a flour mill, a grist mill, and a lumber mill.
In 1773, the village was renamed to "Chatham" to honor a member of the British Parliament, William Pitt, the first Earl of Chatham, who was an outspoken advocate of the rights of the colonists in America.
New Jersey was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolutionary War. The New Jersey Constitution of 1776 was passed on July 2, 1776, two days before the Second Continental Congress declared American Independence from Great Britain. It was an act of the New Jersey Provincial Congress, which made itself into the state Legislature. To reassure neutrals, it provided that it would become void if the state of New Jersey reached reconciliation with Great Britain.
The citizens of Chatham were active participants in the Revolutionary War and nearby Morristown became the military center of the revolution. George Washington twice established his winter headquarters in Morristown and revolutionary troops were active regularly in the entire area. The Lenape assisted the colonists, supplying the revolutionary army with warriors and scouts in exchange for food supplies and the promise of a role at the head of a future native American state. The Treaty of Easton signed by the Lenape and the British in 1766 had required that the Lenape move to Pennsylvania. Wanting to recoup rights lost thereby to the British, the Lenape were the first tribe to enter into a treaty with the emerging government of the United States.
The Watchung mountain range was a strategic asset in the war, acting as a natural barrier to the British troops and providing a vantage point for Washington to monitor their troop movements. The Minisink Trail and the village bridge provided a route for essential supplies across the river and through the mountain range. The Hobart Gap was vital as the only pass through the Watchung Mountains.
Seventeen letters were written by Washington while he stayed at a homestead in Chatham and the community was the site of several skirmishes, as residents and the rebel army held off British advances, preventing them from attacking Washington's supplies at Morristown.
In 1779, a printing press was established in the village of Chatham by Shepard Kollock. From his workshop, he published books, pamphlets, and the New Jersey Journal (the third newspaper published in New Jersey) conducting lively debates about the efforts for independence and boosting the morale of the troops and their families with information derived directly from Washington's headquarters in nearby Morristown. Kollock's paper was published until 1992 as the Elizabeth Daily Journal (having restarted it there in 1787) and was the fourth oldest newspaper published continuously in the United States.
After the Revolutionary War was over in 1783, governmental reforms were instituted throughout the new nation and the state of New Jersey. Establishment of new forms of government began slowly and cautiously. There was a certain amount of trial and error. On February 12, 1806, the village of Chatham became part of Chatham Township with a township form of government that took the village's name as part of its name, but included several other area communities and a large amount of unsettled land. However, "[i]n 1892 Chatham Village found itself at odds with the rest of the township. Although village residents paid 40 percent of the township taxes, they got only 7 percent of the receipts in services. The village had to raise its own money to install kerosene street lamps and its roads were in poor repair. As a result, the village voted on August 9, 1892, to secede from governance by the township."
Ten days later, on August 19, 1892, the citizens of Chatham reincorporated with another type of village government then offered as an alternative within townships by the new state. The evolving state regulations regarding governance structure soon began to offer a borough form for governance. Chatham adopted that new government form and the village reincorporated for governance as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 1, 1897 with complete independence from Chatham Township.
Most of the colonial settlements that had been part of Chatham Township abandoned its governance as soon as new forms of government became available to them during this evolution of new state regulations. Green Village being the exception, each of the settlements withdrew from governance by the township and Chatham Township was left to govern mostly unsettled lands.
In 1910, Chatham Borough expanded when it acquired a slice of Florham Park. The local form of government and the boundaries of Chatham Borough have remained the same since that acquisition, making it about 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2).
Being only 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) in area, Chatham was mostly built out well before World War II, retaining its charming homes that sometimes display the dates of their construction during the colonial and revolutionary times. Two houses, now privately owned, survive from colonial times - the Paul Day House, at 24 Kings Road, and the Daniel Bonnel House, at 34 Watchung Avenue.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.425 square miles (6.281 km2), including 2.373 square miles (6.147 km2) of land and 0.052 square miles (0.134 km2) is water (2.13%).
Chatham Borough is located 25 miles (40 km) west of New York City on the eastern edge of Morris County. Chatham's neighboring communities are Summit, New Providence, Berkeley Heights, Long Hill Township, Chatham Township, New Vernon / Harding Township, Madison, Florham Park, Morristown, Short Hills / Millburn, and Livingston.
The Passaic River, which rises in Mendham and defines the Great Swamp, flows north along the eastern boundary of Chatham. A good crossing location, identified by Native Americans to early European settlers, figured significantly in the colonial history of the community. Fairmount Avenue ascends Long Hill perpendicularly from Main Street in the contemporary center of town to the highest elevation of the town among the Watchung Mountains. From there, one may see the lights of New York beyond the crest of the ridge hills of Summit and Short Hills. Water from artesian wells is stored at its crest to provide the drinking water for the community.
A portion of the Great Swamp extends to the southern boundary of Chatham and other marshes surround the community to the north and northwest. The marshes and brooks in the area contain water draining from the plateau of Morristown and many points to the north and west. All are remnants of a massive lake that covered the area following the retreat of the Wisconsin glacier of the last Ice age. Residents of Chatham were among those in late 1959 who formed the Jersey Jetport Site Association and instigated preservation of the Great Swamp when the New York Port Authority sought to turn it into a massive regional airport. They later were joined by the North American Wildlife Foundation that completed acquisition of enough of the Great Swamp to protect the massive natural resource as a federal park.
The Great Swamp is a major watershed and a significant resting point for migratory birds. The core of the swamp was purchased with the help of Geraldine R. Dodge and Marcellus Hartley Dodge, Sr.. Several other members of the Jersey Jetport Site Association, including two residents of Chatham, Kafi Benz and Esty Weiss, who were students at the nearby campus of Fairleigh Dickinson University, began to infiltrate meetings of the administration of Austin Joseph Tobin, the executive director of the Port Authority. They attended meetings scheduled quietly to garner the support of union workers. Once inside the meetings, they provided pamphlets in opposition to the project, which infuriated the Port Authority administration. Eventually, other organizations formed to join the opposition to the plans for the airport and finally, a majority of the swamp was assembled to be donated to the federal government to become a National Wildlife Refuge. Stewart Udall, Secretary of the Interior under President John F. Kennedy, lent his support to the local efforts to save the swamp while he served as U.S. Representative from Arizona, making recommendations to the Dwight D. Eisenhower administration to also lend their support. On November 3, 1960, the legislation creating the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge was passed by an act of the United States Congress. Just Northeast of the borough is the upscale Mall at Short Hills located in the Short Hills area of Millburn.
|Climate data for Chatham (07928, includes Chatham Borough and Township)|
|Record high °F (°C)||73
|Average high °F (°C)||39
|Average low °F (°C)||18
|Record low °F (°C)||−25
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.54
|Population sources: 1890-1920
1900-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,962 people, 3,073 households, and 2,397 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,776.1 per square mile (1,458.0/km2). There were 3,210 housing units at an average density of 1,352.5 per square mile (522.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.13% (8,167) White, 0.99% (89) Black or African American, 0.20% (18) Native American, 4.85% (435) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.00% (90) from other races, and 1.82% (163) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.10% (457) of the population.
There were 3,073 households, of which 48.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the borough, 33.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.0 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $143,281 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,294) and the median family income was $164,805 (+/- $12,245). Males had a median income of $127,906 (+/- $13,208) versus $59,271 (+/- $14,990) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $64,950 (+/- $5,936). About 0.4% of families and 1.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.3% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 8,460 people, 3,159 households, and 2,385 families. The population density was 3,505.9 people per square mile (1,355.4/km2). There were 3,232 housing units at an average density of 1,339.4 per square mile (517.8/km2). The racial makeup of was 95.79% White, 0.14% African American, 0.06% Native American, 2.81% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population.
There were 3,159 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.6% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.14.
The population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.
The median income for a household was $101,991, and the median income for a family was $119,635. Males had a median income of $81,543 versus $59,063 for females. The per capita income was $53,027. About 1.7% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.
From 1614, the area was governed by the Dutch as part of New Netherland. In 1664, it came under governance by the British within the Province of New Jersey, during which a permanent European settlement was established in 1710 that changed its name to Chatham in 1773.
Chatham has adopted different forms of local government throughout its existence. Under British colonial rule, a village form of government was adopted. After the American Revolutionary War, the community became part of Chatham Township, which was founded in 1806 to also include several other settlements and a great deal of unsettled lands. Unhappy with that governance, Chatham seceded from the township in 1892 and returned to a village government. The borough form of government was offered by the state and adopted when the Borough of Chatham was incorporated in 1897, and has been used since.
Chatham Borough is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Chatham, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2015[update], the Mayor of Chatham Borough is Bruce A. Harris (R, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015). Members of the borough council are James J. Collander (R, 2016), Victoria Fife (R, 2016), Gerald Helfrich (R, 2014), John Holman (R, 2015), James K. Lonergan (R, 2014) and Leonard Resto (R, 2015).
Federal, state, and county representation
Chatham Borough is located in the 11th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 21st state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Chatham Borough had been in the 26th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2014-2015 Session, the 21st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Thomas Kean, Jr. (R, Westfield) and in the General Assembly by Jon Bramnick (R, Westfield) and Nancy Munoz (R, Summit). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. The Freeholder Board sets policies for the operation of six super-departments, more than 30 divisions plus authorities, commissions, boards and study committees. Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by County Administrator, John Bonanni. As of 2014[update], Morris County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas Mastrangelo (Montville, term ends December 31, 2016), Deputy Freeholder Director David Scapicchio (Mount Olive Township, 2015), Douglas Cabana (Boonton Township, 2016), John Cesaro (Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, 2015), Kathryn A. DeFillippo (Roxbury Township, 2016), John Krickus (Washington Township, 2015) and William "Hank" Lyon (Montville, 2014). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Ann F. Grossi (Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, 2018), Sheriff Edward V. Rochford (Morris Plains, 2016) and Surrogate John Pecoraro (Mendham Borough, 2014).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,750 registered voters in Chatham Borough, of which 1,368 (23.8%) were registered as Democrats, 1,928 (33.5%) were registered as Republicans and 2,452 (42.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 54.6% of the vote (2,501 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 44.7% (2,045 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (33 votes), among the 4,600 ballots cast by the borough's 6,131 registered voters (21 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 75.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 50.2% of the vote (2,413 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 48.4% (2,325 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (44 votes), among the 4,807 ballots cast by the borough's 5,975 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.5%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 56.7% of the vote (2,678 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 42.3% (1,995 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (28 votes), among the 4,721 ballots cast by the borough's 6,084 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.6.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 71.1% of the vote (1,770 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 27.2% (678 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (41 votes), among the 2,530 ballots cast by the borough's 6,046 registered voters (41 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.8%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.6% of the vote (1,892 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 32.7% (1,092 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 9.7% (325 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (14 votes), among the 3,344 ballots cast by the borough's 5,831 registered voters, yielding a 57.3% turnout.
Chatham Borough shares various joint public services with Chatham Township: the recreation program, the library (since 1974), the school district (created in 1986), the municipal court, and medical emergency squad (since 1936).
The Fishawack Festival
Every year, the Fishawack Festival is held in the beginning of summer, on South Passaic Avenue and Fire House Plaza, which are blocked off so attendees can walk freely in the streets. Local vendors set up booths to sell food, clothing, toys, and various other souvenirs, as well as games and rides for children. The festival has been sponsored by the Madison YMCA, PipeWorks Services, and Klas Electrical. Funds generated from the Fishawack Festival go towards various community groups throughout the Chathams. The word Fishawack is derived from the Lenni Lenape name for the Passiac River.
Chatham Borough and Chatham Township held elections in November 1986 to consider joining their (at the time separate) school districts. This proposal was supported by the voters of both communities and since then, the two municipalities have shared a regionalized school district, the School District of the Chathams.
As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's six schools had an enrollment of 4,057 students and 270.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 15.00:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Milton Avenue School (grades PreK - 3; 371 students), Southern Boulevard School (K - 3; 491), Washington Avenue School (K - 3; 448), Lafayette School (4 & 5; 641), Chatham Middle School (6 - 8; 961) and Chatham High School (9 - 12; 1,145).
For the 2004-05 school year, Chatham High School was recognized with the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive. Milton Avenue School was one of 11 in the state to be recognized in 2014 by the United States Department of Education's National Blue Ribbon Schools Program. The district's high school was the 1st-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", using a new ranking methodology. The school had been ranked 20th in the state of 328 schools in 2012, after being ranked 8th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 32.16 miles (51.76 km) of roadways, of which 26.56 miles (42.74 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.33 miles (5.36 km) by Morris County and 2.27 miles (3.65 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The borough received coverage from The New York Times and The Chatham Press in 1906 for implementation of what may be the world's first recorded use of a speed bump as a traffic calming device. A report from the April 24, 1906, issue of The Times described how "[t]he 'bumps' installed by the borough officials of the village of Chatham to check the speed of automobiles through the village had their first test yesterday, and proved a decided success."
NJ Transit does not provide direct bus service to Manhattan. It provides various route options with bus transfers. NJ Transit local bus service is provided on the 873 route to the Livingston Mall and Parsippany-Troy Hills.
Bus lines also connect Chatham with the other towns along Route 24 from Newark to Morristown, mostly running parallel to the train lines. Nowadays, buses transport people along the line, but stagecoaches and trolleys were mass transit methods once used along the route that followed Main Street. That section of the old route now is labeled Route 124 because of the opening of a new Route 24, a modern highway. The destruction of the historic downtown by a proposed widening of the historic route was opposed and after much debate, an alternate route was chosen to preserve the historic downtowns of Chatham and Madison. The last rails for the trolley system were removed from the area roads in the 1950s.
Chatham Library was founded in 1907 in downtown Chatham Borough after decades of discussion and planning. Growth of the collection brought about expansion and movement to progressively larger facilities until the current building was built on Main Street on the former site of the Fairview Hotel, after it had burned down. The hotel land was bought after a borough-wide solicitation of funds that was proposed by Charles M. Lum, after whose family Lum Avenue is named, and a brick building was constructed to house the library. The new Chatham Library was dedicated and opened to the public in 1924.
A referendum on the November 1974 ballot regarding jointure was approved by voters, providing that the Chatham Library would also serve Chatham Township residents. The library was renamed as the Library of The Chathams, which now is administered by six trustees, who are appointed jointly through the two governments via the mayors of Chatham Borough and Chatham Township or their representatives, as well as a representative from the newly created joint School District of the Chathams.
The Library of The Chathams joined the Morris Automated Information Network (MAIN), an electronic database linking together all the public libraries in Morris County, in 1985. Recently, an expansion costing nearly $4,000,000 was completed (with the governments of Chatham Borough and Chatham Township contributing a combined $2,000,000). The project was completed and the new addition dedicated on January 11, 2004.
Chatham has one sister city:
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Chatham Borough include:
- Ben Bailey (born 1970), host of Discovery Channel's Cash Cab, was born in Chatham.
- Leanna Brown (born 1935), politician.
- Shepard Kollock (1750-1839), American Revolutionary War-era editor, author, and printer of the New Jersey Journal, which became first newspaper in Chatham and third newspaper in New Jersey in 1779.
- Ann McLaughlin Korologos (born 1941, née Lauenstein), United States Secretary of Labor in the Reagan Administration.
- Nick Mangold (born 1984), American football center for the New York Jets of the National Football League.
- Bob Papa (born 1964), head radio announcer for the new York Giants.
- David K. Shipler (born 1942), author who won the 1987 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction for Arab and Jew: Wounded Spirits in a Promised Land.
- Aaron Montgomery Ward (1844−1913), inventor of mail order.
- Alice Waters (born 1944), chef and pioneer of local, organic food movement.
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. April 3, 2013. Accessed May 13, 2013.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 121.
- 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed December 31, 2014.
- 2011 Chatham Borough Council Minutes, Chatham Borough. Accessed December 19, 2011.
- Town Administrator, Borough of Chatham. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- Municipal Clerk's Office, Borough of Chatham. Accessed June 13, 2014.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Chatham, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Chatham borough, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 2, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Chatham borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 2, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Chatham, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 20, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Chatham, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed February 18, 2013.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living In/Chatham; Rich Past, Bustling but Homey Present", The New York Times, April 17, 1994. Accessed March 21, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 191. Accessed April 25, 2012.
- MONEY Magazine – Best places to live 2005 – Chatham, NJ snapshot.
- "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008.
- Treaty of 1778, America's First Indian Treaty, accessed December 31, 2006.
- Why Morristown?, National Park Service. Accessed January 2, 2007. A blue arrow indicates American forces and a red arrow indicates British forces.
- Shepard Kollock's Work, accessed December 31, 2006.
- Staff (May 8, 2009). "Eighteenth-Century American Newspapers in the Library of Congress (New Jersey)". Serial & Government Publications Division - Newspaper & Current Periodical Reading Room. Library of Congress. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- Staff. "NEW JERSEY LOSES OLDEST PAPER", The Palm Beach Post, January 3, 1992. Accessed March 21, 2012. "The Daily Journal, the state's oldest newspaper, will close Friday after losing money for two years. Publisher Richard J. Vezza wouldn't say how much money the 212-year-old newspaper had lost. Most of its 84 employees will be laid off."
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Staff. "Finding Aid to the Jersey Jetport Site Association Collection, 1959-1976". North Jersey History & Genealogy Center. Morristown and Morris Township Library. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
- Hamilton, Leonard W., Ph.D., Keynote Address to the Tenth Anniversary Celebration, Ten Towns Committee (Great Swamp Watershed Management Committee), Sustainable Stewardship, June 24, 2005
- Wright, George Cable. "JETPORT FOES MAP TRENTON PROTEST; Morris and Union Residents Plan Mass Attendance at Hearing Set by Meyner GOVERNOR IS ASSAILED Group Opposes His Intention to Veto Measure Barring Field in North Jersey JETPORT FOES MAP TRENTON PROTEST", The New York Times, July 8, 1961. Accessed March 21, 2012. "Hickory Tree, Green Village, New Vernon, Chatham and surrounding hamlets, villages and towns in Morris and Union Counties made final plans tonight for an invasion of Trenton on Wednesday to oppose any jetport near here."
- Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Accessed March 21, 2012. "The Great Swamp NWR is located in Morris County, New Jersey, about 26 miles west of Manhattan's Times Square. The refuge was established by an act of Congress on November 3, 1960. It consists of 7,768 acres of varied habitats and over the years, the refuge has become a resting and feeding area for more than 244 species of birds."
- Origin and History: Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Accessed March 21, 2012.
- Average Weather for Chatham, New Jersey (07928) - Temperature and Precipitation, Weather.com. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed March 2, 2012.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 2, 2012.
- Bergen County Data Book 2003, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed March 2, 2012.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Chatham borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Chatham borough, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Chatham borough, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 2, 2012.
- Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
- "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed December 1, 2014.
- Mayor & Council, Borough of Chatham. Accessed January 19, 2015.
- 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Chatham. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Morris County Manual 2014, p. 27, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Hochman, Louis C. "Morris County election results 2014", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 4, 2014. Accessed January 19, 2015.
- Westhoven, William. "Morris County: New mayors, council members sworn in for 2015", Daily Record (Morristown), January 11, 2015. Accessed January 19, 2015. "Chatham: Incumbent council members Gerald J. Helfrich and James Lonergan, who ran unopposed in November, were sworn in on Jan. 5."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. p. 241. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 2, 2014.
- District 21 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 2, 2014.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- What is a Freeholder?, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed October 1, 2013.
- Morris County Manual 2014, Morris County Clerk. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- Thomas J. Mastrangelo, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- David Scapicchio, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- Douglas R. Cabana, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- John Cesaro, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- Kathryn A. DeFillippo, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- John Krickus, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- William "Hank" Lyon, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- Meet the Freeholders, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- Ann F. Grossi, Esq., Office of the Morris County Clerk. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- About Us: Sheriff Edward V. Rochford, Morris County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- What is a Surrogate?, Morris County Surrogate Court. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- Voter Registration Summary - Morris, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Morris County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Morris County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- "Governor - Morris County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Morris County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 17, 2012.
- Township Committee Meeting Minutes, December 16, 2010, Chatham Township. Accessed June 12, 2013.
- Joint Municipal Court, Borough of Madison. Accessed June 12, 2013.
- Padawer, Ruth. "Side By Side: Thirty years ago, Chatham Township was fighting—literally—for respect from Chatham Borough. Now it finishes first among the state’s 566 municipalities in our biannual ranking. The Borough’s response? “Way to go!”", New Jersey Monthly, February 19, 2008. Accessed September 27, 2014. "The high schools had to scramble to offer the Advanced Placement classes and electives that the new era required. Kids from one school would go to the other for particular classes, as if it were an extension of the same campus. By 1986, after a contentious vote in both towns, the two districts merged."
- Belluscio, Frank. "No Surprise: The State Wants Only K-12 Districts", School Leader, New Jersey School Boards Association, January / February 2009. Accessed September 27, 2014. "Since 1982, only four locally initiated regionalization proposals have succeeded:... School District of the Chathams (1986)—combining of the K-12 Chatham borough school district with the K-12 Chatham Township district."
- District information for School District of the Chathams, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- School Data for the School District of the Chathams, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Milton Avenue School, School District of the Chathams. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Southern Boulevard School, School District of the Chathams. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Washington Avenue School, School District of the Chathams. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Lafayette School, School District of the Chathams. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Chatham Middle School, School District of the Chathams. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Chatham High School, School District of the Chathams. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Schools Directory, School District of the Chathams. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- New Jersey School Directory for the School District of the Chathams, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982 Through 2013, United States Department of Education. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Goldman, Jeff. "Which N.J. schools were named to national 'Blue Ribbon' list?", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, October 2, 2014. Accessed December 31, 2014. "Eleven New Jersey schools have been named to the annual National Blue Ribbon list, the U.S. Department of Education announced Tuesday."
- 2014 National Blue Ribbon Schools All Public and Private, United States Department of Education. Accessed December 31, 2014.
- Staff. "Top Schools Alphabetical List 2014", New Jersey Monthly, September 2, 2014. Accessed September 5, 2014.
- Staff. "The Top New Jersey High Schools: Alphabetical", New Jersey Monthly, August 16, 2012. Accessed September 23, 2012.
- Morris County Elementary Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Accessed August 22, 2011.
- Morris County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Applebome, Peter. "Our Towns; Making A Molehill Out of a Bump", The New York Times, April 19, 2006. Accessed June 24, 2013. "But it turns out that, inexplicably forgotten as it seems to be, there is plenty of documentation for Chatham's place in history. Here, a century ago this week, it seems, humans created one of the hallmarks of the automotive age: the speed bump."
- Staff. "'BUMPS' CHECK AUTOS.; Crowds Cheer as Machines Strike Them and Jump Into the Air.", The New York Times, April 24, 1906. Accessed June 24, 2013.
- Chatham station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Morristown Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed September 27, 2014.
- Morris County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 8, 2013.
- History, Library of The Chathams. Accessed March 21, 2012.
- Ivers, Marianne. "Chatham revitalizing sisterhood relationship with Esternay", Independent Press, August 9, 2010. Accessed March 21, 2012. "Time after time Chatham residents pass the sign at the entrance to the borough, announcing Esternay as Chatham’s sister town. Yet there has been little contact with the French community during the past 10 years — until just recently."
- Ben Bailey profile, Zanies Comedy Night Club, accessed March 27, 2013. "Ben Bailey is a young comedian on the rise. In the fall of 1992, Ben left his home in Chatham, New Jersey and flew to Los Angeles with only forty dollars and a backpack full of clothes."
- Cichowski, John. "MORRIS VOTERS REELECT 3 GOP LEGISLATORS", The Record (Bergen County), November 6, 1991. Accessed November 18, 2008. "Brown of Chatham Borough led Democrat Drew Britcher of Parsippany-Troy Hills, 27,381 to 7,563 to win her third term."
- Townsend, Cara. "Trailblazer Leanna Brown Honored by Chatham GOP", TheAlternativePress.com, February 10, 2013, Accessed February 18, 2013. "Longtime Chatham resident Leanna Brown had many firsts in politics. She was the first woman to serve on the Borough Council, the first woman to win a seat in the New Jersey Assembly, and the first woman elected to the State Senate."
- “Our Campaigns – Senate 26th Legislative District – History”. OurCampaigns.com. Accessed February 19, 2013. Site content indicates election results for Republican Leanna Brown of Chatham Borough in her 3 wins for State senate, including defeating Democrat Drew Britcher by 34,063 to 9,514 votes for her third Senate term in 1991.
- Staff. "Lieut Shepard Kollock, Jr". Find A Grave. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Shepard Kollock Park, ChathamPatch, accessed March 27, 2013.
- Staff. "Reagan to Nominate Former Interior Aide As Labor Secretary", The New York Times, November 3, 1987. Accessed March 21, 2012. "Mrs. McLaughlin was born in 1941 in Chatham, N.J."
- Neighborhood House, real estate market get boost from Jets, New Jersey On-Line. Accessed December 9, 2010. "Offensive lineman Nick Mangold put it another way. The 24-year-old and his wife have been busy in recent weeks moving into their new two-story house in Chatham Borough, meeting neighbors."
- Berman, Zach. "A man of his words: Play-by-play is Bob Papa's work, love", The Star-Ledger, January 2, 2011. Accessed March 21, 2012. "There’s one subtle staple in every Bob Papa broadcast.... In the opening segment, with Jen and their three sons watching and waiting in their Chatham home, Papa delivered in the most understated of ways."
- Staff. "WINNERS OF PULITZER PRIZES IN JOURNALISM, LETTERS AND THE ARTS", The New York Times, April 17, 1987. Accessed March 6, 2013. "Mr. Shipler was born in Chatham, N.J., graduated from Dartmouth College and joined The Times as a news clerk in 1966."
- "Montgomery Ward: The World's First Mail-Order Business", backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 16, 2008. Accessed March 6, 2013. "Aaron Montgomery Ward was born on February 17, 1844, in Chatham, New Jersey, to a family whose forebears had served as officers in the French and Indian War as well as in the American Revolution."
- Burros, Marian. "Alice Waters: Food Revolutionary", The New York Times, August 4, 1996. Accessed March 21, 2012. "Alice Louise Waters, one of four daughters born in Chatham, N.J., is no longer just a restaurateur. Chez Panisse, which she opened just to entertain her friends, has become a shrine to the new American cooking and a mecca of the culinary world."
Historical research resources
- Anderson, John R. Shepard Kollock: Editor for Freedom. Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham Historical Society, 1975.
- Cunningham, John T. Chatham: At the Crossing of the Fishawack. Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham Historical Society, 1967.
- Philhower, Charles A., Brief History of Chatham, Morris County, New Jersey. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1914.
- Thayer, Theodore. Colonial and Revolutionary Morris County. The Morris County Heritage Commission. (government publication)
- Vanderpoel, Ambrose Ely. History of Chatham, New Jersey. New York: Charles Francis Press, 1921. Reprint. Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham Historical Society, 1959.
- White, Donald Wallace. A Village at War: Chatham and the American Revolution. Rutherford, New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1979.
- ______________. Chatham. Dover, New Hampshire: Arcadia Publishing, 1997.
- ______________. "Historic Minisink Trail". Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. 8, (January–October, 1923): 199-205.
- ______________. "Indians of the Morris County Area". Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. 54 (October 1936): 248-267.
- Design Guidelines Manual For Rehabilitation and Construction in the Main Street Historic District. Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham Borough Historic Preservation Commission, 1994. (government publication)
- Official Borough of Chatham website
- ChathamPatch - Online News/Features about Chatham Borough and Chatham Township
- Chatham, New Jersey, at City-Data
- Chatham Community Profile and Resource Links, NJ HomeTownLocator
- Chatham Borough, New Jersey at DMOZ