Chatham Historic Dockyard
Chatham Dockyard covered 400 acres (1.6 km²) and was one of the Royal Navy's main facilities for several hundred years until it was closed in 1984. After closure the dockyard was divided into three sections. The easternmost basin was handed over to Medway Ports and is now a commercial port. Another slice was converted into a mixed commercial, residential and leisure development. 80 acres (324,000 m²), comprising the 18th century core of the site, was transferred to a charity called the Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust and is now open as a visitor attraction. It claims to be the world’s most complete dockyard of the Age of Sail. The attraction has seven main elements:
- Three historic warships:
- The Ropery: a Grade I listed building, Georgian and Victorian rope factory.
- Wooden Walls: a recreation of the working life of the dockyard in 1758, centred on the construction of HMS Valiant.
- Steam, Steel and Submarines: tells the story of Chatham Dockyard and the Royal Navy’s use of the River Medway in the 19th and 20th centuries.
- Lifeboat: a museum about the work of the RNLI which has 17 historic vessels.
- 3 Slip – The BIG Store: Originally a covered slipway, now a display of large objects from the dockyard and the nearby Royal Engineers Museum.
- No 1 Smithery: The structure is a Grade II listed building (formerly for iron-working) and a Scheduled Ancient Monument. It was restored by van Heyningen and Haward Architects and re-opened as a visitor and exhibition centre in July 2010. The new building provides dedicated storage and curatorial facilities for the National Maritime Museum and Imperial War Museums' 4,000 ship models as well as a regional Touring Exhibition Gallery, and museum quality permanent Exhibition Galleries. The first touring exhibition to be shown was Stanley Spencer's Shipbuilding on the Clyde series.
- A new project for 2014 is 'Command of the Oceans'. This is possible due to £4.53m grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund. Also the project got a £3m contribution from the Homes and Communities Agency. A new entrance on the north side of the visitor attraction will be built and a discovery centre linking the former naval base with other significant heritage sites including Fort Amherst, the Great Lines Heritage Park (between Gillingham and Chatham) and Upnor Castle. This all became possible after the remains of the Namur warship was discovered under the floor of the Wheelwrights’ Shop in 1995.
Workers at the dockyard performed eight years of restoration work on the MV Havengore, the ceremonial vessel that carried the body of Winston Churchill during his state funeral. In addition the dockyard is acting as custodian of artefacts, masts and rigging from the Cutty Sark and the Medway Queen, while their hulls are being restored elsewhere. Records of the ships built at Chatham go back to 1646.
- Chatham Dockyard had one of the best technical schools in England, it housed the first Dockyard School followed by Devonport and Portsmouth. It accepted students from Overseas Dockyards as Gibraltar and H.M. Dockyard, Malta
- Some of the hundreds of warships built at the Chatham Royal Dockyard may still be seen. These preserved ships include:
- HMS Victory (100-gun first rate, i.e. ship of the line" launched 1765, preserved in dry dock at Portsmouth, England, UK; Nelson's flagship at Trafalgar)
- HMS Unicorn (54-gun fifth rate – launched 1824, preserved afloat at Dundee, Scotland, UK)
- HMS Ocelot (S17) ("O" class submarine – launched 5 May 1962, preserved in dry dock at Chatham, as mentioned above.
The site is also home to a Dockyard Railway that has a diverse collection of locomotives and rolling stock, some of which can be seen in operation throughout the year.
- Hawthorn Leslie 0-4-0ST No. 2918 "Achilles" built in 1912. (Boiler ticket expired in 2004, stored awaiting overhaul).
- Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns 0-4-0ST No. 7042 "Ajax" built in 1941. (Operational, has spent all of its life at Chatham Dockyard).
- Andrew Barclay 0-4-0ST No. 2220 "Invicta" built in 1946. (Undergoing restoration, spent all of its working life at Chatham Dockyard).
- Peckett 0-4-0ST No. 1903 built in 1936. (Operational).
- Andrew Barclay 0-4-0DM No. 357/WD42 "Overlord" built in 1941. (On display)
- F.C. Hibberd 4wDM No. 3738 "Rochester Castle" built in 1955. (Operational, has spent all of its life at Chatham Dockyard).
- Drewry 4wDM No. 2503 "Thalia" built in 1954. (Operational).
- Chatham World Heritage
- Good Stuff IT Services. "The Ropery and Spinning Room – Medway – Medway – England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- Good Stuff IT Services. "Number 1 Smithery – Medway – Medway – England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- The Dockyard: News
- Hughes, Rebecca (29 November 2013). "Major cash boost for Chatham's Historic Dockyard Command of the Oceans project". www.kentonline.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- The Historic Dockyard Chatham Guide Book
- Official website
- Meridian Tonight at the dockyard Did you know that the iconic White House desk which sits in the Oval Office was made at the dock?
- A World Heritage Site application for Chatham Dockyard and its defences
- RNLI Chatham Museum – official site
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