Chatham Main Line

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Chatham Main Line
Overview
Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail
System National Rail
Status Operational
Locale Greater London
South East England
Termini London Victoria
Ramsgate
Dover Priory
Operation
Owner Network Rail
Operator(s) Southeastern
Rolling stock Class 375 "Electrostar"
Class 395 "Javelin"
Class 465 "Networker"
Class 466 "Networker"
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC third rail
Operating speed 145 km/h (90 mph)
Chatham Main Line
London Victoria London Underground
Grosvenor Road
Carriage Sidings
River Thames
Grosvenor Bridge
Battersea Park
Battersea Park Road
Inner South London Line
and Brighton Main Line
South Western Main Line
to London Waterloo
all lines to Clapham Junction
East London Line
Factory Junction
Stewarts Lane TMD
Wandsworth Road
Clapham High Street
Brixton London Underground
Catford Loop Line
East Brixton
Thameslink line to
Blackfriars and the north
Herne Hill
Denmark Hill
Sutton and Mole Valley Lines
to Tulse Hill
Peckham Rye
West Dulwich
Inner South London Line
to London Bridge
Sydenham Hill
Nunhead
Sydenham (Hill) or Penge Tunnel
2,141 yards (1,958 m)
Nunhead to Lewisham link
to Crystal Palace
Crystal Palace and
South London Jn Rwy
Brighton Main Line
(London Bridge branch)
Penge East
Crofton Park
Kent House
Catford
Crystal Palace Line
Mid-Kent Line
to London Bridge and
other London termini
Limited Service curve
Bellingham
Beckenham Junction Tramlink
Beckenham Hill
Ravensbourne
Catford Loop Line
Shortlands Junction
Shortlands
Bromley South
Bickley
to London Bridge and
other London termini
Chislehurst Junction
South Eastern Main Line
to Orpington
and Tonbridge
St Mary Cray
River Cray
Swanley
Swanley Junction
Ashford to Swanley Line
M25 motorway
Farningham Road
River Darent
Fawkham Junction
Longfield
to High Speed 1 and
former Gravesend West Branch
Meopham
Sole Street
High Speed 1
M2 motorway
North Kent Line
towards London
Medway Valley Line
to Maidstone
Strood
Rochester Bridge (LCDR)
Rochester Bridge
River Medway
Rochester
Rochester Common
Chatham Central
Fort Pitt Tunnel
428 yards (391 m)
Chatham
Chatham Tunnel
297 yards (272 m)
Gillingham Tunnel
897 yards (820 m)
Gillingham
to Chatham Dockyard
Gillingham Depot
Rainham
Newington
Sheerness Line
Sittingbourne
Teynham
Faversham
Dover branch
Ramsgate branch
Whitstable Town
Whitstable
Canterbury & Whitstable Rwy
Chestfield & Swalecliffe
Hampton pier
Herne Bay
RAF Manston
Birchington-on-Sea
Westgate-on-Sea
Margate
Margate Sands(SER)
Margate East
Broadstairs
Ramsgate Harbour Tunnel
1,124 yards (1,028 m)
Ramsgate Harbour(KCR)
Dumpton Park
Ramsgate Town(SER)
Ramsgate Depot
Ramsgate
Selling
St Lawrence for Pegwell Bay
Ebbsfleet and Cliffsend Halt
Ashford to Ramsgate
(via Canterbury West) line
to Ashford
Kent Coast Line
Canterbury East
Bekesbourne
Adisham
Aylesham
Snowdown
East Kent Railway
Shepherds Well
Shepherd's Well Tunnel
2,376 yards (2,173 m)
Stonehall and
Lydden Halt
Kent Coast Line
Kearsney
to Ramsgate
Buckland Junction
Charlton Tunnel
154 yards (141 m)
Dover Priory
Dover Harbour Tunnel
684 yards (625 m)
Dover Harbour
Mileage Change
77 mi 76 ch (Victoria)
76 mi 50 ch (Charing Cross)
Hawkesbury Street Jn
Connection to Train ferry
Dover Town
Admiralty Pier
Archcliffe Junction
Dover Marine
South Eastern Main Line

The Chatham Main Line is a railway line in England that links London Victoria[1] and Dover Priory / Ramsgate, travelling via Medway (of which the town of Chatham is part, hence the name).

Services to Cannon Street follow the route as far as St Mary Cray Junction where they diverge onto the Chislehurst line.

Services to Charing Cross as well as some slow Cannon Street services run in parallel from Gillingham to Rochester, diverging once across the River Medway at Rochester Bridge Junction onto the North Kent Line via Gravesend and Dartford.

A shuttle service operates on the Sheerness Line which starts at Sittingbourne.

Heading away from Victoria, between Farningham Road and Longfield Stations, the line which was used by Eurostar trains running from Waterloo International towards Fawkham Junction to pick up High Speed 1 still exists but is no longer used. This line is reserved for emergency use only by Class 395 Javelins travelling to/from Ashford International. As the Eurostar trains have had their 750V shoes removed, they can no longer use this line.

Services[edit]

Most services on the Line are run by Southeastern, part of Govia Group, which also operate the Southern and the London Midland franchises. During the rush hour, Govia Thameslink Railway run a Thameslink service over part of this line between Shortlands and Swanley where it then heads to Sevenoaks.

While travelling between Bromley South and London Victoria, the trains can either travel on the main line, through Beckenham Junction, Herne Hill and Brixton, or can be divert via the Catford Loop Line, coming away from the main line at Shortlands Junction, travelling through Catford and Peckham Rye, and then just past Brixton it either picks up the Southeastern line all the way, or can follow the Southern (Atlantic) Line through Clapham High Street and Wandsworth Road Stations, before crossing back over to the Southeastern Line to Victoria Station.

Since a major timetable change in December 2009, the typical Off-Peak services on this line are as follows.

A half hourly service currently consist of either stopping or semi-fast trains, one travelling from Ramsgate and the other from Dover Priory where the two of the trains would then normally join together at Faversham. They will then stop at either Teynham or Newington on an alternating half hourly service, and will include Sittingbourne in between these stations. Then Rainham, Gillingham, Chatham, Rochester, Meopham, Longfield, and Bromley South then non-stop to London Victoria.

An hourly stopping service starts from Gillingham (which used to be a half hourly service from Faversham), stopping at Chatham, Rochester, Sole Street, Meopham, Longfield, Farningham Road, Swanley, St Mary Cray, Bromley South and London Victoria only. Stations prior to Farningham Road (as coming from London Victoria) are served by stoppers on the Swanley to Ashford (via Maidstone East) Line.

The introduction of the Class 395 Javelins, coinciding with the opening of a link to High Speed 1 in December 2009 has seen the addition of a half hourly service departing from Faversham calling at Sittingbourne, Rainham, Gillingham, Chatham and Rochester. It then switches over to the North Kent Metro Line, calling at Strood and Gravesend, before then picking up a dedicated line to Ebbsfleet International, and then dropping onto High Speed 1, where it calls at Stratford International, and St Pancras International. There is no First Class service on this train, and between Faversham and Gravesend, this is treated as a classic service, which means you can travel with a standard (Non High Speed) ticket, but if you want to travel to any of the High Speed One Stations, you will have to pay a premium fare or purchase a supplemental ticket (Plus High Speed) either on the train heading towards St Pancras International, or from one of the High Speed Stations for the return leg of the journey. Train tickets which are valid for use across multiple networks (Not just Southeastern) are usually exempt from this premium fare, unless you are travelling within the London Area or the outskirts.

During the London 2012 Summer Olympics, the service was cut back to only one train per hour from Faversham to St Pancras International, due to additional Shuttle Trains running from St Pancras to Stratford International. All the London Termini were extremely busy during this time, with a queuing system in place at the very busiest stations.

There is a suburban (metro) service where the majority of this travels on a small part of this line. Departing from Victoria, it calls at Brixton, Herne Hill, West Dulwich, Sydenham Hill, Penge East, Kent House, Beckenham Junction (for the Croydon Tramlink), Shortlands, Bromley South, and Bickley. It then switches to the South Eastern Main Line at Chislehurst Junction where it calls at Petts Wood, terminating at Orpington. From here, you can pick up services towards Tonbridge, Tunbridge Wells and Ashford International.

If a draft timetable for 2015 goes ahead, this means that during off-peak times, two train per hour from Victoria will call at Bromley South, Longfield, Meopham, Rochester, Chatham, and Rainham. One service will then call at Newington, Sittingbourne and Faversham, then stop at all stations to Dover Priory. The other service will call at Sittingbourne, Teynham and Faversham then all stations to Margate and Ramsgate. These trains will no longer split or join up at Faversham. The Hourly Victoria to Gillingham stopping service will additionally call at Rainham, Sittingbourne, Faversham, Canterbury East and Dover Priory. The High Speed Service will still run 2 trains per hour from St Pancras International to Faversham via the Gravesend and Chatham. One of the services will terminate, and then travel back to St Pancras International via Chatham. The other service will continue on as a semi-fast service to Ramsgate, where it will then continue via Sandwich and Deal to Dover Priory and Folkestone. From there it will travel to Ashford International before picking up the High Speed Line to Ebbsfleet International, Stratford International before arriving at St Pancras International. It is thought that this timetable will probably carry on until the Thameslink upgrade work at London Bridge Station is finished in 2018.

Rolling stock[edit]

The following trains are operated on the line : Class 395 "Javelin" since 2009, Class 375 "Electrostar" since 2001, Class 465 "Networker" since 1992 and Class 466 "Networker" since 1993.

History[edit]

The line was built by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, who were in competition with the South Eastern Railway (hence the duplication of stations in Kent). They subsequently built lines to Sevenoaks and Ashford (via Maidstone) from the Chatham Main Line.

The line was electrified (750v DC third rail) in a series of stages. Initially the new Southern Railway electrified the urban (within London) workings of the SECR in the 1920s. In July 1925 "South Eastern Electrification (Stage 1)" saw the line from Victoria to junction with the South Eastern Main line at Bickley, including the Catford Loop Line electrified.[2] This was extend to outer suburban workings to Sevenoaks via Swanley (Bickley junction to Swanley) in two stages, reaching St Mary Cray in May 1934[2] and Swanley in January 1935.[2] Full outer suburban electrification was achieved with the "Maidstone & Gillingham Electrification" scheme in July 1939, extending electrification from Swanley to Gillingham.[2] Post war, under the BR's 1955 Modernisation plan, electrification was completed (Gillingham to Ramsgate and Dover) under "Kent Coast Electrification" stage 1 in 1959.[2] At the same time the four track section between Shortlands and St Mary Cray junction was extended to Swanley Junction with a complete rebuilding of the St Mary Cray Junction. Two passing loops were added (to create a four-track section) between Rainham and Newington.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quail Map 5 – England South [pages 2–13] Sept 2002 (Retrieved 14 December 2011)
  2. ^ a b c d e "Electric Railways". 'Stendec Systems'. 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007. 

External links[edit]