Chatham Township, New Jersey
- This article is about a township in New Jersey, for an adjacent borough, see Chatham, for information about their shared school and library systems see The Chathams.
|Chatham Township, New Jersey|
|— Township —|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 10, 1806|
|• Type||Township (New Jersey)|
|• Mayor||Nicole Hagner (term ends December 31, 2013)|
|• Administrator||Thomas E. Ciccarone|
|• Clerk||Gregory LaConte|
|• Total||9.358 sq mi (24.236 km2)|
|• Land||8.978 sq mi (23.253 km2)|
|• Water||0.380 sq mi (0.983 km2) 4.06%|
|Area rank||213th of 566 in state
17th of 39 in county
|Elevation||249 ft (76 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Rank||235th of 566 in state
19th of 39 in county
|• Density||1,164.2/sq mi (449.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||360th of 566 in state
26th of 39 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0882194|
Chatham Township is an area governed by the township form of government in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 10,452, reflecting an increase of 366 (+3.6%) from the 10,086 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 725 (+7.7%) from the 9,361 counted in the 1990 Census.
Chatham Township was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 12, 1806, from portions of Hanover Township and Morris Township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 10, 1806. At the time Chatham Township was created it included the communities of Chatham, Florham Park, Green Village, Madison (Bottle Hill), and the extensive rural areas surrounding these communities, with each community retaining its own distinct existence and identity. Before the close of that century however, the township would lose all except one of the villages drawn into it, as they were able to chose other new forms of government allowed in the evolving new American state.
A community settled in the early eighteenth century as Bottle Hill and located in Morris Township when the area was within the English Province of New Jersey, became subject to governance by the new township. Bottle Hill changed its name to Madison in 1834 to honor President James Madison. On December 27, 1889, Madison was incorporated as a borough and the former boundary of the village was expanded with portions of the rural lands that had formerly been within the township.
The village of Chatham had been settled in 1710 as John Day's Bridge and, in 1773 when New Jersey was an English province, adopted the name of Chatham to honor William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. This village also had been within the English Morris Township and it was an active community in the revolution. On August 19, 1892, Chatham seceded from the new township that had taken its name and adopted the village form of government established in the United States for the new state of New Jersey. Shortly thereafter, Chatham adopted the borough form of government on March 1, 1897, when that form became available to New Jersey municipalities.
Most of Green Village has always been within the township's governmental boundaries.
Chatham Township is located at United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 9.358 square miles (24.236 km2), of which, 8.978 square miles (23.253 km2) of it is land and 0.380 square miles (0.983 km2) of it (4.06%) is water.(40.717255,-74.438789). According to the
Green Village is an unincorporated community that is also partially in Harding Township. Green Village is the site of the Rolling Knolls Landfill, a landfill identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as a Superfund site. The landfill is bordered on two sides by the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, and was formerly known as Miele's Dump, after owner Robert Miele.
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
Census 2010 
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,452 people, 3,915 households, and 2,721 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,164.2 inhabitants per square mile (449.5 /km2). There were 4,128 housing units at an average density of 459.8 per square mile (177.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.84% (9,495) White, 0.75% (78) Black or African American, 0.08% (8) Native American, 6.36% (665) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.38% (40) from other races, and 1.58% (165) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.34% (349) of the population.
There were 3,915 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.2% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the township the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 31.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $127,679 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,764) and the median family income was $182,216 (+/- $30,473). Males had a median income of $144,400 (+/- $29,559) versus $61,912 (+/- $8,237) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $78,905 (+/- $6,319). About 1.2% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.
Census 2000 
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 10,086 people, 3,920 households, and 2,771 families residing in Chatham Township. The population density was 1,081.0 people per square mile (417.4/km2). There were 4,019 housing units at an average density of 430.8 per square mile (166.3/km2). The racial makeup was 93.71% White, 0.45% African American, 0.06% Native American, 4.81% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.95% of the population.
There were 3,920 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.11.
The population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.
The median income for a household was $106,208, and the median income for a family was $131,609. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $58,750 for females. The per capita income was $65,497. About 1.9% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.
Local government 
Chatham Township is governed under the township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as mayor. The ceremonial mayor serves as the chair of the township committee and has powers vested in the mayor's office by general law.
The township committee is the legislative branch of the community's government and establishes policies for the administration of the various departments. The committee appoints the township administrator who is responsible for carrying out those policies and overseeing the day to day operations.
Subcommittees of the township committee are public safety; public works; planning, engineering, and land use; parks and recreation; general administration; and finance. Two members of the township committee serve on each and provide oversight to the departments.
Federal, state, and county representation 
Chatham Township is located in the 11th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Chatham Township had been in the 21st state legislative district.
New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
The 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2011, Morris County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director William J. Chegwidden (Wharton), Deputy Freeholder Director Douglas R. Cabana (Boonton Township), Gene F. Feyl (Denville), Ann F. Grassi (Parsippany-Troy Hills), Thomas J. Mastrangelo (Montville), John J. Murphy (Morris Township) and Hank Lyon (Montville Township),
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,354 registered voters in Chatham Township, of which 1,498 (20.4%) were registered as Democrats, 2,826 (38.4%) were registered as Republicans and 3,026 (41.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 53.8% of the vote here (3,259 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 44.6% (2,699 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (59 votes), among the 6,053 ballots cast by the township's 7,639 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.2%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.3% of the vote here (3,499 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.5% (2,334 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (48 votes), among the 5,905 ballots cast by the township's 7,614 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.6.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.7% of the vote here (2,583 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 29.1% (1,236 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 9.5% (405 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (13 votes), among the 4,252 ballots cast by the township's 7,407 registered voters, yielding a 57.4% turnout.
In 1773, the village John Day's Bridge, a community governed by the English township of Morris since its settlement in 1710, was renamed as, Chatham, in honor of Sir William Pitt, a British prime minister and the first Earl of Chatham who was most favorable toward the colonists of the Province of New Jersey in issues with the British government. Participation in the revolutionary war was significant by the citizens of Chatham. Nearby Morristown was the military center of the revolution, where the winter headquarters were established twice, and revolutionary troops were active in the entire area regularly. When the governing bodies within the new state of New Jersey were evolving in the new United States, a township was formed that took its name from this largest village that would be included in it, becoming Chatham Township.
The township form of government is the oldest form of municipal government in New Jersey since it became an American state following the revolution. That form of local government dates back to the act of 1798. During a reorganization of Morris County in 1806 and taking its name from one of the historic settlements it would govern, Chatham Township was formed to include several colonial villages and settlements that had been made part of previously existing townships. A great deal of open, swampy, and mountainous land was included with the villages. For a while, the new township included what are now, Madison, Chatham, and Florham Park, as well as all of Green Village and all of the lands still governed by Chatham Township, but soon the principle villages began to secede because of contention over the funding of their projects.
Of the pre-revolutionary settlements gathered into it when it was formed, only portions of Green Village have remained governed by Chatham Township, which has never had a community center. The settled areas seceded from the township because of financial issues. Disposition of funds from taxes was perceived as inequitable to the settled areas given their needs versus that of the rural areas, causing them to form their own taxation and governance systems.
On December 27, 1889, based on the results of a referendum passed three days earlier, the village of Madison seceded from Chatham Township and adopted the borough form of government in order to develop a local water supply system for its population of 3,250. Madison annexed additional portions of Chatham Township in 1891, and annexed more each year from 1894–1898, followed finally, by an exchange of some lands in 1899 with Chatham Township.
In the midst of these changes, in 1892 "...Chatham Village found itself at odds with the rest of the township. Although village residents paid 40 percent of the township taxes, they got only 7 percent of the receipts in services. The village had to raise its own money to install kerosene street lamps and its roads were in poor repair. As a result, the village voted on August 9, 1892, to secede from the township."
The village that is now Florham Park first was part of Hanover Township, before being included in the township formed in 1806 as Chatham Township. It also seceded from Chatham Township and incorporated as Florham Park in 1899.
The boundaries of Chatham Township have remained unchanged since 1922. Residential developments began in the late 1950s when farm lands and greenhouses began to be sold off and ownership of automobiles increased dramatically. By the 1960s its post WWII boom in housing was in full swing in Chatham Township.
The township remained rural until the 1960s and 1970s when rezoning enabled residential development of the open spaces to begin. Today, Chatham Township shares three joint public services with Chatham: the recreation program, the library, and the school district. Chatham Township also is a member of a joint municipal court with Madison.
Public Schools 
Chatham and Chatham Township held elections in November 1986 to consider joining their (at the time separate) school districts. This proposal was supported by the voters of both communities and since then, the two municipalities have shared a regionalized school district, the School District of the Chathams.
For the 2004-05 school year, Chatham High School was recognized with the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive. The school was the 20th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 8th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.
Private school 
Chatham Day School, founded in 1998, is a private coeducational day school located in Chatham Township, serving students in preschool through eighth grade. The school has a total enrollment of 115 students. Originally founded in 1998, the school changed its name from The Darcy School after finding a permanent campus in Chatham Township in 2005.
New Jersey Transit stops at the Chatham station to provide commuter service on the Morristown Line, with trains heading to the Hoboken Terminal and to New York Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan. It is a short drive from most of the township to the stations in Madison and Chatham, and for the southern part of the township, the Murray Hill station is closer still.
Notable people 
- Chris Carlin (born 1972), radio producer and sportscaster at WFAN Sports Radio 66 in New York City.
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- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Chatham township, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2012.
- Chatham Township Committee, Chatham Township. Accessed October 15, 2012.
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- Gene F. Feyl, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
- Ann F. Grossi, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
- Thomas J. Mastrangelo, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
- John J. Murphy, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
- Hank Lyon, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
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- History, Chatham Day School. Accessed July 17, 2011.
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- Chris Carlin profile, WFAN (AM). Accessed June 19, 2007. "Chris grew up in Chatham Township, New Jersey, and attended Oratory Prep High School in Summit."