The annual rainfall in Chato District is adequate for crops, being between 700 and 1,000 millimetres (28 and 39 in) per year. The maximum temperature averages around 30.5 °C (86.9 °F) and the minimum temperatures around 26.6 °C (79.9 °F).
The primary economic activity is subsistence farming without irrigation, using only rain. Common crops for local consumption are bananas, beans, maize, cassavas, and sweet potatoes. Commecial farming is not well developed, but cotton, tobacco, and coffee are grown for sale. Livestock rearing is usually an adjunct to farming, with some commercial ranches.