Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign Union order of battle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following units and commanders fought in the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign of the American Civil War on the Union side. The Confederate order of battle is shown separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign,[1] the casualty returns[2] and the reports.[3]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]


Military Division of the Mississippi[edit]

MG Ulysses S. Grant

General Staff:

Army of the Cumberland[edit]

MG George H. Thomas

General Staff:

General Headquarters:

  • 1st Ohio Sharpshooter: Cpt Gershom M. Barber
  • 10th Ohio: Ltc William M. Ward

IV Corps[edit]

MG Gordon Granger

Division Brigade Regiments and others

First Division[5]
     BG Charles Cruft

2nd Brigade

   BG Walter C. Whitaker

3rd Brigade

   Col William Grose


Second Division
     MG Philip H. Sheridan

1st Brigade

   Col Francis T. Sherman

2nd Brigade[8]

   BG George D. Wagner

3rd Brigade

   Col Charles G. Harker


   Cpt Warren P. Edgarton

  • 1st Illinois Light, Battery M: Cpt George W. Spencer
  • 10th Indiana Battery: Cpt William A. Naylor
  • 1st Missouri Light, Battery G: Lt Gustavus Schueler

Third Division
     BG Thomas J. Wood

1st Brigade

   BG August Willich

2nd Brigade

   BG William B. Hazen

3rd Brigade

   BG Samuel Beatty


   Cpt Cullen Bradley

  • Illinois Light, Bridges' Battery: Cpt Lyman Bridges
  • 6th Ohio Battery: Lt Oliver H. P. Ayres
  • Pennsylvania Light, Battery B: Lt Samuel M. McDowell

XIV Corps[edit]

MG John M. Palmer

  • 1st Ohio Cavalry, Company L: Cpt John D. Barker
Division Brigade Regiments and others

First Division
     BG Richard W. Johnson

1st Brigade

   BG William P. Carlin

2nd Brigade[15]

   Col Marshall F. Moore
   Col William L. Stoughton[16]

3rd Brigade[18]

   BG John C. Starkweather


Second Division
     BG Jefferson C. Davis

1st Brigade[20]

   BG James D. Morgan

2nd Brigade[21]

   BG John Beatty

3rd Brigade

   Col Daniel McCook, Jr.


   Cpt William A. Hotchkiss

  • 2nd Illinois Light, Battery I: Lt Henry B. Plant
  • Minnesota Light, 2nd Battery: Lt Richard L. Dawley
  • Wisconsin Light, 5th Battery: Cpt George Q. Gardner

Third Division
     BG Absalom Baird

1st Brigade

   BG John B. Turchin

2nd Brigade

   Col Ferdinand Van Derveer

3rd Brigade[22]

   Col Edward H. Phelps (k)
   Col William H. Hays


   Cpt George R. Swallow

  • Indiana Light, 7th Battery: Lt Otho H. Morgan
  • Indiana Light, 9th Battery: Lt Robert G. Lackey
  • 4th United States, Battery I: Lt Frank G. Smith

Artillery Reserve[edit]

BG John M. Brannan[23]

Division Brigade Regiments and others

First Division
     Col James Barnett

1st Brigade

   Maj Charles S. Cotter

  • 1st Ohio Light, Battery B: Lt Norman A. Baldwin
  • 1st Ohio Light, Battery C: Cpt Marco B. Gary
  • 1st Ohio Light, Batter E: Lt Albert G. Ransom
  • 1st Ohio Light, Battery F: Lt Giles J. Cokerill
2nd Brigade

Second Division

1st Brigade

   Cpt Josiah W. Church

  • 1st Michigan Light, Battery D: Cpt Josiah W. Church
  • 1st Tennessee Light, Battery A: Lt Albert F. Beach
  • Wisconsin Light, 3rd Battery: Lt Hiram F. Hubbard
  • Wisconsin Light, 8th Battery: Lt Obadiah German
  • Wisconsin Light, 10th Battery: Cpt Yates V. Beebe
2nd Brigade

   Cpt Arnold Sutermeister

Cavalry Corps[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and others

Second Division[25]

2nd Brigade

   Col Eli Long

Engineers and garrison[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and others

Engineer troops
     BG William F. Smith

Engineer Brigade

   Col Timothy R. Stanley[26]

Pioneer Brigade

   Col George P. Buell

  • 1st Battalion: Cpt Charles J. Stewart
  • 2nd Battalion: Cpt Correll Smith
  • 3rd Battalion: Cpt William Clark

Chattanooga garrison
     BG James B. Steedman[27]

Post of Chattanooga

   Col John G. Parkhurst

Hooker's Command[edit]

MG Joseph Hooker[28]


  • 15th Illinois Cavalry, Company K: Cpt Samuel B. Sherer
XI Corps[edit]

MG Oliver O. Howard
General Headquarters:

  • 8th New York, Independent Company: Cpt Anton Bruhn
Division Brigade Regiments and others

Second Division
     BG Adolph von Steinwehr

1st Brigade

   Col Adolphus Buschbeck

  • 33rd New Jersey: Col George W. Mindill
  • 134th New York: Col Allen H. Jackson
  • 154th New York: Col Patrick H. Jones
  • 27th Pennsylvania: Maj Peter A. McAlcon (mw), Cpt August Riedt
  • 73rd Pennsylvania: Ltc Joseph B. Taft (k), Cpt Daniel F. Kelley (c), Lt Samuel D. Miller
2nd Brigade

   Col Orland Smith

Third Division
     MG Carl Schurz

1st Brigade

   BG Hector Tyndale

2nd Brigade

   Col Wladimir Krzyzanowski

3rd Brigade

   Col Frederick Hecker


   Maj Thomas W. Osborn

XII Corps[edit]
Division Brigade Regiments and others

Second Division[29]
     BG John W. Geary

1st Brigade

   Col Charles Candy[30]
   Col William R. Creighton (k)
   Col Thomas J. Ahl

  • 5th Ohio: Col John H. Patrick
  • 7th Ohio: Col William R. Creighton, Ltc Orrin J. Crane (k), Cpt Ernst J. Krieger
  • 29th Ohio: Col William F. Fitch
  • 66th Ohio: Ltc Eugene Powell, Cpt Thomas McConnell
  • 28th Pennsylvania: Col Thomas J. Ahl, Cpt John Flynn
  • 147th Pennsylvania: Ltc Ario Pardee, Jr.
2nd Brigade

   Col George A. Cobham, Jr.

  • 29th Pennsylvania: Col William Rickards, jr.
  • 109th Pennsylvania: Cpt Frederick L. Gimber
  • 111th Pennsylvania: Col Thomas M. Walker
3rd Brigade

   Col David Ireland

  • 60th New York: Col Abel Godard
  • 78th New York: Ltc Herbert von Hammerstein
  • 102nd New York: Col James C. Lane
  • 137th New York: Cpt Milo B. Eldredge
  • 149th New York: Col Henry A. Barnum,[31] Ltc Charles B. Randoll

   Maj John A. Reynolds[32]

  • Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery E: Lt James D. McGill
  • 5th United States, Battery K: Cpt Edmund C. Bainbridge

Army of the Tennessee[edit]

MG William T. Sherman[33]

XV Corps[edit]

MG Francis P. Blair[34]

Division Brigade Regiments and others

First Division
     BG Peter J. Osterhaus

1st Brigade

   BG Charles R. Woods

  • 13th Illinois: Ltc Frederick W. Partridge (w), Maj Douglas R. Bushnell (k), Cpt George P. Brown
  • 3rd Missouri: Ltc Theodore Meumann
  • 12th Missouri: Col Hugo Wangelin (w), Ltc Jacob Kaercher
  • 17th Missouri: Col John F. Cramer
  • 27th Missouri: Col Thomas Curly
  • 29th Missouri: Col James Peckham (w), Maj Philip H. Murphy
  • 31st Missouri: Ltc Samuel P. Simpson
  • 32nd Missouri: Ltc Henry C. Warmoth
  • 76th Ohio: Maj Willard Warner
2nd Brigade

   Col James A. Williamson


   Cpt Henry H. Griffiths

  • Iowa Light, 1st Battery: Lt James M. Williams
  • 2nd Missouri Light, Battery F: Cpt Clemens Landgraeber
  • Ohio Light, 4th Battery: Cpt George Froehlich

Second Division
     BG Morgan L. Smith

1st Brigade

   BG Giles A. Smith (w)
   Col Nathan W. Tupper

2nd Brigade

   BG Joseph A. J. Lightburn


Fourth Division
     BG Hugh B. Ewing

1st Brigade

   Col John M. Loomis

2nd Brigade[35]

   BG John M. Corse (w)
   Col Charles C. Walcutt

3rd Brigade

   Col Joseph R. Cockerill


   Cpt Henry Richardson

  • 1st Illinois Light, Battery F: Cpt John T. Cheney
  • 1st Illinois Light, Battery I: Lt Josiah H. Burton
  • 1st Missouri Light, Battery D: Lt Byron M. Callender

XVII Corps[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and others

Second Division
     BG John E. Smith

1st Brigade

   Col Jesse I. Alexander

2nd Brigade

   Col Green B. Raum (w)
   Col Francis C. Deimling
   Col Clark R. Wever

3rd Brigade

   BG Charles L. Matthies (w)
   Col Benjamin D. Dean[16]
   Col Jabez Banbury[36]


   Cpt Henry Dillon

  • Cogswell's (Illinois) Battery: Cpt William Cogswell
  • Wisconsin Light, 6th Battery: Lt Samuel F. Clark
  • Wisconsin Light, 12th Battery: Cpt William Zickerick


  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXI, Part 2, pages 14-24
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXI, Part 2, pages 80-90
  3. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXI, Part 2, pages 808-812
  4. ^ John H. Eicher and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands, page 558
  5. ^ The First Brigade and Battery M, 4th United States Artillery, at Bridgeport Alabama; the 115th Illinois and 84th Indiana, of the Second Brigade, and 5th Indiana Battery, at Shellmound, Tennessee, and the 30th Indiana and 77th Pennsylvania, of the Third Brigade, and Battery H, 4th United States Artillery, at Whiteside's, Tennessee
  6. ^ Relinquished command on account of sickness (see: Hicks' report)
  7. ^ a b c d e Temporarily in command of a demi-brigade
  8. ^ The 51st Indiana was between Nashville and Chattanooga en route to join the brigade
  9. ^ Commanded part of time 6th Indiana and 5th Kentucky (see: Berry's report)
  10. ^ Succeeded Lieutenant Colonel Langdon in command of the 23rd Kentucky and 1st Ohio (see: Stafford's report)
  11. ^ Commanded part of time 23rd Kentucky and 1st Ohio (see: Foy's and Stafford's report)
  12. ^ Wounded but remained on the field
  13. ^ Commanded part of time 41st Ohio and 93rd Ohio (see: Kimberly's and Smith's report)
  14. ^ Succeeded Colonel Wiley in command of the 41st Ohio and 93rd Ohio (see: Kimberly's and Smith's report)
  15. ^ After Colonel Stoughton assumed command, Colonel Moore (69th Ohio) took command of the 19th Illinois, 11th Michigan and 69th Ohio and Major John R. Edie (15th United States) of the 15th, 16th, 18th and 19th United States (see: Stoughton's and Moore's reports).
  16. ^ a b Assumed command November 25, 1863
  17. ^ Took command of the regular infantry detachments at Missionary Ridge
  18. ^ During the engagements of 23, 24, and 25 November 1863 was in line of battle holding fort and breastworks at Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  19. ^ a b c Temporarily attached to Second Division, Fourth Army Corps
  20. ^ 14th Michigan detached at Columbia, Tennessee
  21. ^ 3rd Ohio detached at Kelley's Ferry, Tennessee River
  22. ^ 18th Kentucky detached at Brown's Ferry, Tennessee
  23. ^ Chief of Artillery, Army of the Cumberland
  24. ^ Temporarily attached to Third Division, Fourth Army Corps
  25. ^ Corps headquarters and the First and Second Brigades and 18th Indiana Battery, of the First Division, at and about Alexandria, Tennessee; the Third Brigade at Caperton's Ferry, Tennessee River. The First and Third Brigades, and the Chicago Board, of Trade Battery, of the Second Division, at Maysville, Alabama.
  26. ^ John H. Eicher and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands, page 505
  27. ^ John H. Eicher and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands, page 507
  28. ^ Major General Joseph Hooker, commanding Eleventh and Twelfth Army Corps had under his immediate command the First Division, Fourth Corps, the Second Division, Twelfth Corps, portions of the Fourteenth Corps, and the First Division, Fifteenth Corps.
  29. ^ The First Division engaged in guarding the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad from Wartrace Bridge, to Bridgeport, Alabama, etc. Major General Henry W. Slocum, the corps commander, had his headquarters at Tullahoma, Tennessee.
  30. ^ Disabled November 24, 1863
  31. ^ Relinquished command on account of sickness (see: Randoll's report)
  32. ^ Chief of Artillery, Twelfth Corps
  33. ^ General Sherman had under his immediate command the Eleventh Corps and the Second Division, Fourteenth Corps, of the Army of the Cumberland; the Second and Fourth Divisions, Fifteenth Corps.
  34. ^ The Third Division, Brigadier General James M. Tuttle commanding, at Memphis, La Grange, and Pocahontas, Tennessee.
  35. ^ 15th Michigan detached at Scottsborough, Alabama
  36. ^ Succeeded Colonel Benjamin D. Dean November 25, 1863