Chattanooga National Cemetery
Chattanooga National Cemetery
Gate on Bailey Ave
|Location||1200 Bailey Ave.
|Governing body||U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs|
|MPS||Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||96001013|
|Added to NRHP||September 16, 1996|
Chattanooga National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located near the center of the city of Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee. Administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, it encompasses 120.9 acres (48.9 ha), and as of 2014, had more than 50,000 interments.
The cemetery was established in 1863, by an order from Major General George Henry Thomas after the Civil War Battles of Chattanooga, as a place to inter Union soldiers who fell in combat. 75 acres (30 ha) of land was initially appropriated from two local land owners, but later purchased. It became Chattanooga National Cemetery in 1867. By 1870 more than 12,000 interments had been made, most of whom were unknown. Many nearby battlefield burials were also reinterred in Chattanooga, including nearly 1,500 burials from the Battle of Chickamauga.
During World War I several German prisoners of war who died while in captivity were buried in Chattanooga National Cemetery. After the war, the German government paid to have other POWs disinterred from Hot Springs National Cemetery and moved to Chattanooga.
Chattanooga National Cemetery was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1996.
Originally the site was expected to close for new burials in 2015. However, due to a recent expansion project that will add the capacity for more than 5000 interments, the cemetery is now expected to be available for burials until 2045.
- A 40' high memorial archway, constructed in 1868.
- The Andrews Raiders Memorial, erected in 1890. It includes a bronze replica of the locomotive known as The General, stolen by Union partisan James J. Andrews and his men in the Great Locomotive Chase.
- German World War I prisoner of war monument, erected by the German government in 1935.
- Andrews Raiders
- Medal of Honor recipients
- Master Sergeant Ray E. Duke, for action in the Korean War. Also, recipient of Republic of Korea's version of the Medal of Honor (the Merit Taegug Medal)
- Corporal Desmond Doss, for action in WWII, the first conscientious objector to be awarded the Medal of Honor.
- Private William F. Zion, USMC, for action in the Boxer Rebellion
- Other notables
- Other noteworthy internments
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chattanooga National Cemetery.|
- National Cemetery Administration
- Chattanooga National Cemetery
- National Cemetery at Chattanooga
- Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) No. TN-1, "Chattanooga National Cemetery, 1200 Bailey Avenue, Chattanooga, Hamilton County, TN", 41 photos, 4 photo caption pages
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chattanooga National Cemetery
- Chattanooga National Cemetery at Find a Grave