Chaudayyadanapura

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Chaudayyadanapur
Chaudadanapur
town
Chaudayyadanapur is located in Karnataka
Chaudayyadanapur
Chaudayyadanapur
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 14°46′01″N 75°37′34″E / 14.767°N 75.626°E / 14.767; 75.626Coordinates: 14°46′01″N 75°37′34″E / 14.767°N 75.626°E / 14.767; 75.626
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Haveri
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KA-27
Nearest city Ranebennur

Chaudayyadanapur is a small village in Ranebennur taluk of Haveri District in Karnataka state of India. All facets of Indian civilisation (religion, art and poetry) are exemplified in an exquisite Mukteshwara temple,[1] with the highest degree of refinement.

Introduction[edit]

Northern Karnataka is one of the richest areas of India in monuments of great artistic value. It was the time of the greatest expansion of the Kalamukha Lakulasaiva movements and of the rise of Virashaivism.

Shivapur, the old name of Chaudadanapur (Chaudayyadanapur) saint, a 12th-century social reformer Basaveshwar, donated this village to Ambigara Chaudayya (a boatman).[2] So the name is Chaudayyadanapur or Chaudadanapur.

The temple of Mukteshwar at Chaudayyadanapur in Ranebennur Taluk is a beautiful representative of the style and the high culture of that time.[3]

The Mukteshwar Temple[edit]

Chaudayyadanapur Mukteshwar temple, Haveri District, Karnataka

The Mukteshwar Temple is a single cella temple in Jakkanachari style. Similar temples were built under the patronage of Kalachuri or Seuna dynasties. This temple is a jewel of architecture of the 11th–12th centuries. It was built during the heyday of the kingdom ruled by the Kalyani Chalukyas and the Seunas of Devagiri. It is dedicated to an Udbhava (spontaneously born) Linga named Mukteshwar.

The dome of the temple is hollow and is closed by the slabs of the stupi. Sikhara of the Mukteshwara temple is 2.2 m in its axis at the base. The stupi is made of three beautiful lotiform mouldings diminishing in size and a lotus bud with its base.

Kannada inscriptions[edit]

History[edit]

Chaudayyadanapur Mukteshwar temple, Haveri District, Karnataka
Seven inscriptions at Chaudayyadanapur Mukteshwar temple, Haveri District, Karnataka

The history of Mukteshwar Temple at Chaudayyadanapur is known through seven inscriptions in medieval Kannada, engraved on large steles. They provide information on the local rulers, kings of Guttala (Gupta ascendancy), on some constructions in the temple complex, on diverse donations to the deity.

They provide the details on a prominent religious leaders. Inscriptions introduce Muktajiyar, a Lakulasaiva saint, and Shivadeva, a Virashaiva saint, who entered the place on the 19 August 1225 and led there a long life of renunciation, asceticism and spiritual elevation. The legacy of this age of intense Shaivism is a jewel of architecture and sculpture.

Conservation and restoration[edit]

Narasimha temple Narasapur near Chaudayyadanapur, en route to Guttal, Haveri District, Karnataka

There is a need of immediate conservation and testoration for the Narasimha temple Narasapur.

See also[edit]

References[edit]