Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi

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Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
چودہری پرویز الہی
Ch Pervaiz Elahi.jpg
Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
25 June 2012 – 16 March 2013
President Asif Zardari
Prime Minister Pervez Ashraf
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Vacant
Leader of the Opposition
In office
25 March 2008 – 17 September 2008
President Asif Zardari
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Preceded by Fazal-ur-Rehman
Succeeded by Nisar Ali Khan
Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
29 November 2002 – 18 November 2007
President Pervez Musharraf
Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz
Governor Khalid Maqbool
Preceded by Shahbaz Sharif
Succeeded by Ejaz Nisar (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1945-11-01) 1 November 1945 (age 69)
Gujrat, Punjab Province, Pakistan
Citizenship  Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League(Q)
Children Monis Elahi
Son
Residence Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Cousin
Alma mater Forman Christian College University
Profession Business executive, politician
Religion Islam

Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi (Punjabi, Urdu: چودہری پرویز الہی‎ b. 1 November 1945), is a Pakistani politician, and textile industrialist. He is noted of being the first and to-date only Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan, politically appointed in this posture by President Asif Zardari in 2013.

After a successful campaign in the 2002 general elections, he subsequently became the Chief Minister of Punjab Province and tenured until 2007. Contesting well in the general elections in 2008, he served as the leader of the opposition in the Parliament for short time being when his party made an alliance with the PPP. He secured his victory in general elections in 2013, and as of current he is provincial president of PML(Q).[1] His family also remains in active in politics, and is a first cousin of Shujaat Hussain.

Insight biography[edit]

Education and business career[edit]

Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi was born in an industrialist family in Gujrat, Punjab Province of Pakistan, on 1 November 1945 in Gujrat,Pakistan. Elahi hails from a power industrialist family; his father Manzoor Elahi is the brother of Zahor Illahi.[2] His family owns large chain of textiles, steel, sugar, and flour mills. After enrolling at the Forman Christian College University in 1963, he graduated with BA degree in 1967.[2] At an instance of his father, he went to United Kingdom to obtained master's diploma in Industrial Management from Watford College of Technology in London in 1971.[2] After completing his education, Pervaiz Elahi joined the family business empire with his cousin Shujaat Hussain.[2] Elahi's political motivation began in 1977 in an animosity of nationalization program of PPP.[3]

Political campaigns[edit]

After the assassination of his uncle Zahoor Elahi in 1981, he came in politics in 1983, first contesting for the local body elections. In 1985, he successfully contested for Punjab Assembly during the general elections held in 1985 as an independent and joined the PML the following year.[4] He participated well during the election years of 1988, 1990, and 1993; all of which, Elahi has gained considerable experience in provincial governance – he has served as chairman of Gujrat’s district council, minister for local government, opposition leader in Punjab Assembly and speaker in Punjab Assembly.[4]

Rift with PML(N)[edit]

He had been an important financier in PML led by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.[5] However, the decisive rift between Elahi and the Sharif came in 1997, after Nawaz achieved a thumping victory that year in the election. Elahi had been promised the post of Punjab chief minister in return for contributing significantly to the election campaign.[5] However, the powerful industrialist was instead made speaker while Nawaz’s brother, Shahbaz, took over the reins as Punjab chief minister.[5] The decision to remain with the PML-N in 1997, despite differences with the Sharif, was largely due to the his distaste for the Pakistan Peoples Party— a rivalry that pre-dates the current generation.[5] The Elahi hold Benazir Bhutto's father responsible for the death of Ch. Shujaat Hussain's father and for the imprisonment and torture of Ch.Pervaiz Elahi's father during the elder Bhutto’s tenure as prime minister.[5]

By 1999, the differences were arise that Elahi decided to defect to dissident group led by various libertarians at that time.[5] Following the 1999 military takeover, both Pervaiz and Shujaat Hussain were detained by the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) on corruption charges relating to unpaid state-owned bank loans that were made to their corporations.[5]

However, the charges against both were dropped following an agreement they made to defect from the Pakistan Muslim League - Nawaz and assist President Musharraf in building a new center-right Muslim League in Punjab.[5]

Chief Minister of Punjab[edit]

2002 general elections and tenure[edit]

Under a new deal, he participated well in general elections held in 2002 with a dissident group platform.[5] Elahi came to known as notable and famed libertarian who joined President Pervez Musharraf in 2002.[5] Ultimately, he was appointed as Chief Minister of Punjab Province of Pakistan in 2002.[5] His notable political achievements include reforms in the education sector which lead to the literacy rate increasing from 47% in 2002, to 62% in 2007 in the province. It included free Education in public schools up to Metric, free Distribution of 28 million books in all public schools, stipend for 11 lac girls in 15 low literacy districts, provision of 118276 missing facilities in 63882 schools, 50000 graduate teachers recruited and 275 schools upgraded/established and teacher’s training for 122087 teachers in 2007/08. These steps were endorsed and appreciated by various donor agencies such as World Bank. His other notable achievement include setting up Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology in Multan, University of Gujrat in Gujrat, Traffic Wardens system in Lahore, Rescue 1122 service in Punjab, water course brick lining and Lahore Ring Road Project.[6]

2008 general elections and Deputy Prime Minister[edit]

Elahi was a close adviser of President Musharraf, and is regularly consulted by him on political strategy.[6] This advice, however, is not always followed— leading to a certain degree of tension in their relationship.[6] Elahi believes that if he and Shujaat had been listened to, the entire Chief Justice episode and the state of emergency could have been avoided.[6] In 2008, he defended his seat during the 2008 general elections and was nominated by the PML(Q) leadership as the leader of the Opposition in the Parliament.[7]

This was short lived after he suddenly and unexpectedly quit this post later that year in September, allegedly over a possible power sharing deal with Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in the government.[7] In 2011, meanwhile, when PML-Q entered into an alliance with a needy PPP, a longstanding demand of the party was fulfilled and Elahi was awarded the post of deputy prime minister. This, however, was a ceremonial position with no extra powers.[4] Before being made deputy prime minister, Elahi had served as a federal minister for industries and production in ex-premier Yousuf Raza Gilani’s cabinet.[4] Preceding this formal alliance, the Chaudhrys of PML-Q and the Bhuttos of PPP have had a history of bitter political enmity.[4] Even after the alliance, relations between the two parties remained rocky, and as a result Elahi stayed cautious in his dealings with PPP.[4] Before being made deputy prime minister, Elahi had served as a federal minister for industries and production in former Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani's cabinet.[4] Preceding this formal alliance, the his family of PPP have had a history of bitter political enmity.[3]

2013 general elections[edit]

During the general elections held in 2013, Pervez Elahi won from the Gujrat constituency.[8] According to the results, Elahi successfully retained his seat and secured his way to be a member of parliament.[9]

Political philosophy[edit]

Pervaiz Elahi has raised his strong support for libertarianism and has been a staunch vocalist of political philosophy of "enlightened moderation".[6] In public debates, he debated swift, decisive law enforcement action against terrorism.[6] Senior law-enforcement officials, who worked with Elahi as Chief Minister, claim that he gave clear instructions that significant resources were to be devoted to infiltrating and dismantling terrorist organizations and to monitoring and curtailing the activities of religious leaders believed to have extremist tendencies. Under his leadership, were successful in bringing down a number of terrorist cells in the province.[6]

Elahi has used this influence to encourage reform within Punjabs madrassas and obtain strong statements from these leaders condemning terrorist violence and declaring its un-Islamic.[6] Absent the support he enjoyed in these quarters, it is doubtful that the government could have proceeded with its admittedly incomplete religious-reform agenda.[6]

Controversy[edit]

Elahi earned notoriety when the news became to circulate in television news channels that "in 1979, Zahoor Elahi is believed to have encouraged President General Zia-ul-Haq to have Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto executed.[5] Rumours in Lahore is that Zahoor Elahi (Father of Ch. Shujjat Hussain) loaned President Zia his pen to sign Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s death warrant. Pervaiz Elahi ostensibly purchased the same pen at an auction some years later.[5]

He and his cousin, Shujaat Hussain, are believed to have actively opposed a pre-electoral deal devised between Benazir Bhutto and President Musharraf in Sept 2007, largely due to their personal animosity for Bhutto.[5] Since her death, Elahi, in conversation, has suggested that he would be able to form a solid working relationship with either of her likely successors, Amin Faheem or Asif Ali Zardari.[5]

In 2012, Elahi's name has also been associated with a fraud scandal, involving his approval of an illegal merger between a private housing scheme and Bahria Town.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/399907/pakistans-creation-pointless-if-it-fails-to-become-islamic-welfare-state/
  2. ^ a b c d et al. "Ch. Pervaiz Elahi". Pakistan Herald. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Rahimullah Yusufzai (1 January 2008). "When politics becomes bitter". Jang News. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Heba Islam (updated). "Dawn Profile: CP Elahi". Dawn news; Pervez Illahi. Retrieved 9 July 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o From the Newspapers (10 December 2010). "Dawn news part I". Dawn news part I. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i et al. (10 December 2010). "Nawaz went back on his promise to Pervaiz". Dawn news, Part II. 
  7. ^ a b Ahmed Hassan (9 September 2008). "Pervaiz resigns as Leader of Opposition in NA". Dawn news, area studies. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Wasim Ashraf Butt (29 January 2013). "Pervaiz Elahi to run for NA-105". Dawn. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Front News desk (12 May 2013). "Pervez Elahi wins NA-105 seat". Dunya News. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  10. ^ et al. (7 November 2012). "Land merger with Bahria Town: LHC to hear case on daily basis". Dawn news, 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Shahbaz Sharif
Chief Minister of Punjab
2002–2007
Succeeded by
Ejaz Nisar
Acting
Preceded by
Fazal-ur-Rehman
Leader of the Opposition
2008
Succeeded by
Nisar Ali Khan
New office Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan
2012–present
Incumbent