Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain

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Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Pakistan delegation.jpg
Shujaat Hussain (right) on a visit to XMU
President of the Pakistan Muslim League-Q
Incumbent
Assumed office
1 January 2003
Preceded by Mian Muhammad Azhar
Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
30 June 2004 – 20 August 2004
President Pervez Musharraf
Preceded by Zafarullah Khan Jamali
Succeeded by Shaukat Aziz
Minister of the Interior
In office
25 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Omar Khan Affridi (Acting)
Succeeded by Moinuddin Haider
In office
9 November 1990 – 18 July 1993
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Balakh Sher Mazari (Acting)
Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Mian Zahid Sarfraz (Acting)
Succeeded by Fateh Khan Bandial (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1946-01-27) 27 January 1946 (age 68)
Gujrat District, Punjab, British India
(now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (Before 1985)
Pakistan Muslim League-
Functional
(1985–1988)
Pakistan Muslim League-
Nawaz
(1988–2002)
Pakistan Muslim League-
Quaid
(2002–present)
Other political
affiliations
Islamic Democratic Alliance (1988–1990)
Alma mater Forman Christian University
Punjab University

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain (Urdu: چودھری شجاعت حسین; 27 January 1946), is a senior conservative politician hailing from Gujrat and business oligarch[1][2][3] who previously served as the 14th Prime minister of Pakistan from 30 June 2004 on a temporary basis during a transitional period to accommodate Shaukat Aziz till 28 August 2004.[4] Hussain is the current and incumbent party president of the Pakistan Muslim League (Q).[5][6]

Hailing from the business-industrialist family[7] from the Punjab Province of Pakistan, Hussain graduated from the FC College University and the Punjab University. After his graduation, Hussain subsequently joined the family business comprising large numbers of industries, textiles, agricultural farms, sugar and flour mills.[7] He successfully contested in non-partisan 1985 elections and appointed as minister of ministry of industry in the government of Prime minister Muhammad Junejo, lasting until 1988.[8] Hussain became a wealthy leader and influential conservative figure in Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA) in 1988–90 and later joining the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) led under Nawaz Sharif in 1993.[8] Hussain served as the 26th Interior minister in the government of Prime minister Nawaz Sharif in two non-consecutive terms from 1990 to 1993 and 1997 to 1999.[8]

Originally a loyalist of Nawaz Sharif, Hussain defected to Pervez Musharraf and endorsed the general's 1999 coup d'état.[9] His family also remains influential participant in national politics and his younger cousin Pervez Illahi served as Chief Minister of Punjab from 2002 to 2007 during Pervez Musharraf's military rule. As of current, Hussain and his party remains a major ally of former Prime minister Yousaf Raza Gillani and President Asif Ali Zardari of Pakistan Peoples Party.[10][11]

Origins and education[edit]

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain was born on 27 January 1946 in the Gujrat District of former British Indian Empire. His ancestors hailing from rural Gujrat and had no initial political background.[2][12] His father, Zahoor Elahi was a junior constable in Punjab Police but quit the police service in order to establish a cotton mill. His family lost a cotton mill as a result of Indian partition but re-established the mill in Gujrat after the establishment of Pakistan in 1947.[2] His father first contested in 1954 elections and elected a local union Councillor of the Gujrat District. After attending public schools in Gujrat, Hussain matriculated, and was accepted at the Forman Christian College University.[2][12] In 1962, Hussain attended the Forman Christian College University and graduated with Bachelor of Business Administration in 1965 and pursued a MA in Industrial management in UK.

Upon returning to Pakistan, Hussain joined the family industrial conglomerate comprising industrial units in textiles, sugar, flour milling and agricultural farms in 1969.[13] By this time, Hussain's family had become a potent industrial oligarchs and had significant influence on Presidents Ayub Khan and General Yahya Khan.[2][12]

Career in national politics[edit]

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain entered in the national politics after the assassination of his father, and emerged with the Pakistan Muslim League rooted from Punjab Province.[14] After participating in a local-body elections, Hussain became a Member of the Parliament in 1981 and, subsequently joining the Punjab government's Financial department.[14] He participated and campaign successfully in non-partisan 1985 general elections for an industrial seat, although he maintains ties with PML.[14] His contest in the general election from Gujrat included for both seats for the National Assembly and provincial Punjab Assembly.[14] After the elections he had to vacate his Punjab Assembly seat in favour of the National Assembly seat.[14]

He was inherited the power mantle by his father and became a crucial power broker in the far-right regime of chief of army staff and president general Zia-ul-Haq.[15] Hussain benefited with general Zia's economic policies, along with Sharif, prospered well enough.[15] Hussain invest a large sum of money in industrial firms, notably associated with defence production and mills, and bought industrial Stocks at Karachi Stock Exchange, which benefited him and his assets at an increasing level of wealth.[15]

After participating in 1985 general elections, Hussain joined the government of Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo as the minister of the Ministry of Industry,[8] and held additional ministerial portfolio of Ministry of Information and Mass-media Broadcasting in 1986;[8] and Ministry of Defence Production in 1987–88.[8]

Interior ministry[edit]

Hussain was the leading member of right-wing alliance, the Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA) and successfully endorsed his parliamentary seat during the first party 1988 general elections, and headed the Parliamentary Party of Joint Opposition (PPJO) in the National Assembly from 1988 to 1990.[8] He also acted as the parliamentary party leader of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N) in the National Assembly.[8]

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, then Pakistan's interim Prime Minister, sees off U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, after their July 2004 meeting at the Prime Minister's residence in Islamabad, Pakistan.

Chaudhry Shujaat was an active political leader, heading the Parliamentary Party of Joint Opposition in the National Assembly from 1988 to 1990.[8] After the 1990 general elections and 1997 elections, Chaudhry Shujaat served as the Internal minister of the Interior ministry and served as one of high-profile cabinet member of Prime minister Nawaz Sharif who appointed Shujaat as the President of the PML-N in Punjab from 1997 to 1999[8] However, Hussain mounted serious disagreement and confronted Nawaz Sharif after Sharif imposing economic emergency in 1998, and took control of the Karachi Stock Exchange.[9] Hussain's relations became extremely hostile during the Kargil war and claiming that Sharif had been briefed by chief of army staff general Pervez Musharraf six times as opposed to Sharif claiming not having a "knowledge".[9] He maintains his support of the 1999 coup d'état and backed the militaries removal of the Prime minister from power.[9]

Pakistan Muslim League (Q)[edit]

After the coup, Hussain did not join the Pakistan Muslim League (Q), a splinter group of PML.[8] In 2001, Hussain decided to defect to PML(Q) after Sharif was exiled to Saudi Arabia in 2000 and contested from Gujrat through the PML(Q) platform during the 2002 general elections.[8] Initially, Hussain became parliamentary party leader in the National Assembly, but assumed the presidency of the party when the party's founder Mian Muhammad Azhar resigned from the party. On January 2003, Shujaat was nominated and assumed the party's presidency after succeeding Mian Muhammad Azhar on a party convention.[8]

Prime minister of Pakistan[edit]

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain endorsed and provided his vital support to appoint his lifelong friend Zafarullah Khan Jamali as country's first Baloch prime minister. Previously, he also played a vital role in bringing the role of Shaukat Aziz in national politics. However, in 2004, Jamali lost his trust and his relations with the prime minister soured that subsequently ended in resignation of Jamali[16]

After Jamali's resignation, Shujaat Husain nominated Economic minister Shaukat Aziz for the office of Prime minister Shujaat temporarily took over the office of Prime minister, but due to member of Senate Aziz had been unable to be elected.[16] The media noted that Hussain was probably only warming the seat for Finance Minister Shaukat Aziz who would wait to get elected to the National Assembly, although he was a member of the Upper House and for that reason, barred from prime ministerial ship according to Constitution, before taking up the post.[16]

At the Parliament, Hussain told the media journalists that his election to the National Assembly and later as the Prime Minister was "not an interim appointment" but in keeping with the Constitution.[4] In an interview, Shujaat Hussain quoted: "My nomination by Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali and nomination of Shaukat Aziz after consulting the President were in line with the set traditions. There should be no hue and cry over such technicalities.".[4]

On 23 August 2004, Hussain transfer and handed over the office of prime minister to Shaukat Aziz after successfully being elected from his constituency, though Hussain remains the party president of the Pakistan Muslim League (Q).[18]

Personal life[edit]

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain is the eldest son of Chaudhry Zahoor Ilahi, and has been connected with the families of past military dictators, including Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan and general Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.[19] His younger cousin, Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi, previously served as the chief minister of Punjab and currently is a senior member of current government.[20] His younger brother, Chaudhry Wajahat Hussain, is also senior member of the current government.[21]

Honors[edit]

Hussain had been a strong and vocal supporter of Pakistan's bilateral relations with South Korea.[22] He has been a major source of bringing the South Korea investment in the country and has been successfully called for South-Korean model of economy in the country.[22] For his efforts, the South Korean government has named an "Honorary Consul General" after his name in the Republic of Korea in 1981.[22] Hussain is also a recipient of South Korea's highest diplomatic award Order of the Diplomatic Service Merit "Ueung-in-Metal" for distinguished services in promoting mutual relations between Pakistan and Republic of Korea.[22]

Wealth and personal assets[edit]

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain is one of the accounted richest and most powerful business personalities in Pakistan.[23] Hussain is noted as one of the wealthiest investor in defence production, military technological development, and industrial mills.[24] His chain of industries in large numbers of defense production industries, textiles, agricultural farms, sugar and flour mills.[24] In 2012, Hussain agreed to declare half of his personal assets to Election Commission, and made it public domain. According to the statements of assets and liabilities for 2010–2011, 50% of Hussain's share in two residential houses located in Islamabad and Lahore worth ₨. 5.2million and ₨.3.4 million, respectively (although he did not issued the current value).[24] Hussain also owns a 78-acre of agricultural land worth ₨. 376,667 and 12.5 acres worth ₨. 4.5 million.[25] He has stock shares worth ₨. 10.4 million and ₨. 53.90 million cash in his account.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anwar Syed. "Split in the PML-Q". Dawn Archives, Anwar Syed. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e PEC. "Shujaat Hussain". Pakistan Election Commissioner. Pakistan Election Commissioner. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Sehbai, Shaheen. "US Diplomats Think Ch. Shujaat Becoming Musharraf's Biggest Challenger". South Asia Tribune. Retrieved 28 May 2012. "Senior US diplomats in Pakistan and in the State Department are genuinely intrigued about the display of an almost unbelievable confrontationist posture against General Pervez Musharraf, adopted by the most unlikely of politicians in today’s Pakistani spectrum— the always obedient servant of the military establishment, Choudhry Shujaat Hussain" 
  4. ^ a b c Administrator (8 October 2004). "Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain Becomes Prime Minister". Story of Pakistan. Retrieved 27 May 2012. "This very thinking led the Pakistan Muslim League and its allied parties to select Finance Minister Shaukat Aziz as the next executive head of the country. My nomination by Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali and nomination of Shaukat Aziz after consulting the President were in line with the set traditions. There should be no hue and cry over such technicalities" 
  5. ^ Shah, Murtaza Ali (27 May 2012). "Shujaat terms Nawaz Sharif's arrogance his weakness". The News International. p. 1. Retrieved 27 May 2012. "President of Pakistan Muslim League (PML-Q) Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain on Saturday urged Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz leader Nawaz Sharif to get rid of his arrogant behaviour in his own interest" 
  6. ^ Press Release. "President Pakistan Muslim League". Directorate-General for the Public Political Relations. Pakistan Muslim League (Q) official website. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Senator Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain". Senate Secretariat of Pakistan. Retrieved 27 May 2012. [dead link]
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Adm. "Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain". Story of Pakistan (Part-II). Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c d Cohen, Stephen P.; Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema (2001). "The Kargil Conflict" (google books). Four Crises and a Peace Process: American Engagement in South Asia. Washington DC, United States: Brookings Institution Press. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-0-8157-1384-5. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  10. ^ NNI (27 May 2012). "Shujaat backs Fehmida’s decision in PM case". The Nation. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  11. ^ News Agencies (31 March 2012). "Alliance with PPP to continue: Shujaat". Dawn News. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Pakistan Herald. "Details of Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain". Pakistan Herald. 
  13. ^ "Chaudhry Shujat Hussain is so blind and idiot.". Senate of Pakistan. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Gupta, Om (2006). "Pakistan and its Business Elites". Encyclopedia of India and Pakistan. New Delhi, India: Isha Books Publications Co. p. 495. ISBN 81-8205-389-7. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c Ali, Tariq (2008). "A Conflgration of Despair" (google books). The Duel: Pakistan on the Flight Path of American Power. New York, United States: Simone and Schuster Inc. pp. 128–130. ISBN 978-1-4165-6102-6. 
  16. ^ a b c Our Political Bureau (New Delhi 28 June 2004). "Pak parties flay Jamali`s `forced` resignation". Business Standard news. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  17. ^ Lieven, Anatol (2011). "THe Politics and Structure" (google books). Pakistan: A Hard Country. United States: Public Affairs Trade Mark. pp. 211–212. ISBN 978-1-61039-021-7. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  18. ^ "Shaukat Aziz Becomes Prime Minister". Story of Pakistan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  19. ^ Ali, Adnan (Tuesday, 29 June 2004, 13:45 GMT 14:45 UK). "Profile: Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain". BBC Pakistan. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  20. ^ "Chaudhry Pervez Elahi". 
  21. ^ Khan, Said Alam (2 May 2012). "We accept Gilani as PM: Shujaat". The Nation, 2 May 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  22. ^ a b c d Press (21 Sep 2004). "Motorway extended Pak-Korean economic & technical cooperation: Shujaat". Pakistan Tibune, 21 Sep. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  23. ^ Kashif Abbasi. "Rashid Ahmed, Gul Muhammad Lot emerge as richest senators". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c Irfan Ghauri (12 March 2011). "Declared assets: Rich Senators of a poor nation". Express Tribune. Retrieved 28 May 2012. "Despite rampant under-declaration of assets, Pakistani Senators have net worths running into the millions and even billions of rupees, according to details of asset declarations made public by the Election Commission of Pakistan." 
  25. ^ a b Zeeshan Javaid (12 March 2011). "The richest senators". Daily Times, Saturday, 12 March 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mian Zahid Sarfraz
Acting
Minister of the Interior
1990–1993
Succeeded by
Fateh Khan Bandial
Acting
Preceded by
Omar Khan Affridi
Acting
Minister of the Interior
1997–1999
Succeeded by
Moinuddin Haider
Preceded by
Zafarullah Khan Jamali
Prime Minister of Pakistan
2004
Succeeded by
Shaukat Aziz
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mian Muhammad Azhar
President of the Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid
2003–present
Incumbent