||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (February 2011)|
|Common Ancestry||Cheema, Chahal, Chohan Chahar, Chatha, Chhillar|
|Branches:||Sanchora, Sonigara, Lonia Hada, Deora, Bhaduria, Chavan.|
|Ruled in||Nadol, Jalor, Dhundhar, Ajmer, Delhi, Haryana, Neemrana, Hadoti,[full citation needed] Godwar|
|Territories:||Ajmer (7th century - 1365)
|Princely States:||Tulsipur (7th century - 1857), Mainpuri, Devgadh Baria, Bundi, Sirohi, Kotah|
Myth of origin
Rajput bardic accounts, which are based on mythology, describe the Chauhans as one of the four Agnikula Rajput clans[a] who claim to have originated from a sacrificial fire-pit (agnikunda) at Mount Abu. These claims of supernatural origin are clearly improbable and have numerous variants, and they give rise to the Chauhans claiming to be a clan of the Agnivanshi dynasty.
The Chauhans were historically a powerful group in the region now known as Rajasthan. For around 400 years from the 7th century AD their strength in Sambhar was a threat to the power-base of the Guhilots in the south-west of the area, as also was the strength of their fellow Agnivanshi clans. They suffered a set-back in 1192 when their leader, Prithviraj Chauhan, was defeated at the Battle of Tarain but this did not signify their demise.
Ajay Raj (Anuraj)
Chauhans asserted their independence from the Gurjara Pratiharas, and in the early 11th century, the Sakhambari king Ajaya-Raja founded the city of Ajayameru (Ajmer) in the southern part of their kingdom.
Mukut Bandh and Mandaleshwar are traditionally the two type of samanta (a title for noble vassals) granted by Chauhans. The Mukut Bandh owned land but accepted the suzerainty of the Chauhans, while Mandaleshwar were granted jagirs by Chauhan rulers.
- Manik Rai, founder of Chauhan Dynasty
- Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi
- Gugga, a warrior, minor king and Nāga demigod
- Hammir Dev Chauhan, ruler of Ranathambore
- Kanhad Dev Sonigara, ruler of Jalor
- The other Rajput clans claiming descent from Agnikula are the Chalyuka, the Paramara and the Pratihara.
- Stewart Gordon (1993). The Marathas 1600-1818. Cambridge University Press. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-0-521-26883-7. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
- Page 51, Chiefs and leading families in Rajputana By C. S. Bayley
- Gupta, R. K.; Bakshi, S. R., eds. (2008). Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages: The Heritage Of Rajputs 1. Sarup & Sons. p. 7. ISBN 9788176258418. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
- Gupta, R. K.; Bakshi, S. R., eds. (2008). Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages: The Heritage Of Rajputs 1. Sarup & Sons. p. 95. ISBN 9788176258418. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
- Gupta, R. K.; Bakshi, S. R., eds. (2008). Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages: The Heritage Of Rajputs 1. Sarup & Sons. p. 100. ISBN 9788176258418. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
- Radhey Shyam Chaurasia (2002). History of Ancient India: Earliest Times to 1000 A. D.. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 209. ISBN 978-81-269-0027-5.
- Hāṇḍā, Omacanda (2004). Naga Cults and Traditions in the Western Himalaya. New Delhi: Indus Publishing. p. 330. ISBN 9788173871610. Retrieved 17 October 2012.