Chauncey Depew

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Chauncey Depew
CMDepew.jpg
United States Senator
from New York
In office
March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1911
Preceded by Edward Murphy, Jr.
Succeeded by James A. O'Gorman
Secretary of State of New York
In office
January 1, 1864 – December 31, 1865
Preceded by Horatio Ballard
Succeeded by Francis C. Barlow
Personal details
Born Chauncey Mitchell Depew
(1834-04-23)April 23, 1834
Peekskill, New York
Died April 5, 1928(1928-04-05) (aged 93)
New York City, New York
Political party Republican
Profession Politician

Chauncey Mitchell Depew (April 23, 1834 – April 5, 1928) was an attorney for Cornelius Vanderbilt's railroad interests, president of the New York Central Railroad System, and a United States Senator from New York from 1899 to 1911.

Early Life and Legal Career[edit]

Depew was born on April 23, 1834, and later attended Peekskill Military Academy for 12 years. During his college years at Yale University (from 1852 to 1856), Depew joined many clubs and won several honors: second dispute appointments Junior and Senior years; speaker at Junior Exhibition and Commencement; member of the Thulia Boat Club, Linonia (third president), Kappa Sigma Epsilon, Kappa Sigma Theta, Psi Upsilon, and Skull and Bones.[1]:165

After graduating from Yale, Depew entered the office of Edward Wells, a lawyer in Peekskill, as a student. Depew then read law with William Nelson of Peekskill, New York from 1856–58. He was admitted to the bar in March, 1858; opened an office and practiced in Peekskill until 1861. For a few months Depew engaged in the brokerage business in New York City as member of firm of Depew & Potter, but then resumed his law practice in Peekskill. Depew later moved to New York City. During the American Civil War, Depew served as Adjutant of the 18th Regiment, New York National Guard, and later Colonel and Judge Advocate of the 5th Division, on the staff of Major General James W. Husted of the New York Guard.[citation needed]

In 1865 DePew was appointed and confirmed United States Minister to Japan, but declined the appointment to pursue his career as a railroad and business lawyer.[citation needed]

Railroad Lawyer[edit]

In 1866, Depew became the attorney for New York & Harlem Railroad. Three years later he took the same position for the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad. Having earned recognition for his work with subsidiary companies of the Vanderbilt roads, in 1876 Depew became general counsel and director of the whole "Vanderbilt System." Six years later he began serving on the executive board of the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad and also became its second vice president. In 1885, Depew was elected that railroad's president and served in that capacity until 1898. Depew then became chairman of board of directors of New York Central Railroad Company.

While Depew was active in the Vanderbilt railroads in and through New York, he held concurrent positions with many other railroads and companies. He was president of West Shore Railroad. He served on the boards of directors for the New York and Harlem Railroad, the Chicago and North Western Railway, the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway, the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad, the Delaware and Hudson Railroad, the New Jersey Junction Railroad, the St. Lawrence and Adirondack Railroad, the Walkill Valley Railroad, the Canada Southern Railroad.

Aside from railroads, Depew also served on the boards of directors for Western Union, the Hudson River Bridge Company, the Niagara River Bridge Company, the New York State Realty & Terminal Company, the Union Trust Company, Equitable Life Assurance Company, and Kensico Cemetery Association.

Politics[edit]

Chauncey M. Depew

Depew served in the New York State Assembly (Westchester County, 3rd District) in 1862 and 1863. During the latter year he sometimes acted as Speaker pro tempore while Speaker Theophilus C. Callicot was under investigation.[2] From 1864 to 1865, he was Secretary of State of New York, elected in 1863 on the Union ticket.

In 1867 Depew became clerk of Westchester County, but resigned after a short service. In 1870 the New York Legislature named Depew Immigration Commissioner, but he declined to serve. Depew had also been commissioner of quarantine and president of Court of Claims of New York City as well as commissioner of taxes and assessments for the city and county of New York. Depew was one of the commissioners appointed to build the state capitol 1874; and a member of the state's boundary commission in 1875.

Depew was defeated for Lieutenant Governor of New York on the Liberal Republican-Democratic ticket in 1872. Nine years later, Depew became a candidate for U.S. Senator in an 1881 special election, but withdrew after the 41st ballot. He also declined nomination as a senator in 1885; but was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1899, and re-elected in 1905, and served from March 4, 1899, to March 4, 1911.

Depew stumped the state of New York for John C. Frémont in 1856 and for Abraham Lincoln in 1860. He served as a delegate-at-large to Republican National Conventions 1888-1904 and delegate to all following conventions, including 1928, being elected the day before he died. He made the nomination speeches for Harrison in 1892, Governor Morton in 1896, and Fairbanks in 1904. At the convention in 1888 Depew received ninety-nine votes for the presidential nomination, and in 1892 declined an appointment as Secretary of State in Harrison's cabinet.

In 1898, Depew nominated Theodore Roosevelt for Governor of New York.

In 1906, David Graham Phillips began a muckraking series entitled "The Treason of the Senate" for William Randolph Hearst's new Cosmopolitan magazine, and targeted Depew in the first article. The article's sensational charges included labeling Depew a "boodler" owned "mentally and morally" by railroad magnates Cornelius and William Vanderbilt. The piece provoked outrage from groups as diverse as President Roosevelt, the New York Sun and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge.[3]

Yale[edit]

He was a member of Yale Corporation 1888-1906; member of the Yale Alumni Association of New York at the time of its organization in 1868, its third president (1883–1892), and one of the incorporators of the Yale Club of New York City in 1897; a vice chairman of the $20,000,000 Yale Endowment Campaign; made LL D. Yale 1887; elected an honorary member of Yale Class of 1889 in 1923; By the terms of his will, a bequest of $1,000,000 was left to Yale without restrictions as to its use.

Associations and Civic Activities[edit]

In 1877, Depew became a regent of the University of the State of New York in 1877, and served on that board until 1904. Depew also served as trustee of Peekskill Military Academy. In 1887 Depew became an honorary member of Columbia chapter of Phi Beta Kappa. In 1918 Depew was made life member of Lawyers' Club of New York. He also served as president of New York State Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, the Pilgrims Society from 1918 until his death, the St. Nicholas Society, and the Union League for seven years (member since 1868 and elected honorary life member at the close of his presidency). Depew received the French Légion d'honneur in the rank of Officer. He was vice president of New York Chamber of Commerce from 1904 to 1908, having been a member since 1885.

On 7 October 1897 Depew inaugurated the New York pneumatic tube mail, declaring: “This is the age of speed. Everything that makes for speed contributes to happiness and is a distinct gain to civilization. We are ahead of the old countries in almost every respect, but we have been behind in methods of communication within our cities. In New York this condition of communication has hitherto been barbarous. If the Greater New York is to be a success, quick communication is absolutely necessary. I hop this system we have seen tried here to-day will soon be extended over all the Greater New York.”[4]

Depew became an honorary member New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, and was also a member of the Connecticut Society of the Cincinnati and of the New York Society of Colonial Wars. Other cultural memberships included: the Metropolitan Museum of Art, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Holland Society, Huguenot Society, New England Society, France-America Society, New York Historical Society, St. Augustine (Fla.) Historical Society, American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society, National Horse Show, Lafayette Post of the Grand Army of the Republic, St. Thomas' (Episcopal) Church, New York and the citizens' committee to complete the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City.


Depew was also a distinguished orator and after-dinner speaker, and published many of those speeches: Orations and After Dinner Speeches (1890), Life and Later Speeches (1894), Orations, Addresses and Speeches (eight volumes) (1910), Speeches and Addresses on the threshold of Eighty (1912), Addresses and Literary Contributions on the Threshold of Eighty-two (1916), Speeches and Literary Contributions on the Threshold of Eighty-four (1918), My Memories of Eighty Years and Marching On a/k/a "My Autobiography" (1922); Miscellaneous Speeches on the Threshold of Ninety-two (1925); and an article to the 50th Anniversary Supplement of the Yale Daily News entitled "An Optimistic Survey" in 1928.

Death and Legacy[edit]

Depew died of bronchial pneumonia. He was buried in family mausoleum in Hillside Cemetery, Peekskill. In his honor, the huge concourse of Grand Central Terminal was draped in mourning.

In 1908 Depew gave land to Peekskill which became Depew Park, and a decade later expanded the donation by 10 acres (40,000 m2) acres, and also paid for a statue of himself for display in that park.

The Village of Depew, New York,[5] incorporated in 1894 and once home to a New York Central Railroad factory, is named after Chauncey M. Depew. The town of Depew, Oklahoma is also named for him.[6]

Many artists painted Depew, including George Burroughs Torrey. The Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury painted Depew numerous times, including in 1889-90. The three-quarter length portrait of Depew seated on a bale of furs which was exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1890, is now in the Yale Club of New York City. Several other portraits followed including a portrait painted for the New York State Capitol at Albany showing Depew as he was in 1863 (now New York State Museum). The artist gave a bust-length portrait to the Museum at Peekskill in 1918. Muller-Ury made an etching of Depew (copies, signed by the artist and the sitter, are in the American National Portrait Gallery in Washington DC and in the collection of the Newport Preservation Society Rhode Island, and University of Cincinnati College of Design). Muller-Ury also painted Depew's first wife in 1893, and his second wife in 1902 in eighteenth century costume.

Family[edit]

Chauncey M. Depew

His father, Isaac Depew, was a merchant and farmer; pioneer in river transportation between Peekskill and New York; son of Abraham Depew, who served in the Revolutionary Army, and Catherine (Crankheit) Depew, great-grandson of Captain James Cronkite of the Continental Army; descendant of François DuPuy, a French Huguenot, who came to America about 1661, settled first in Brooklyn, N. Y., and in 1685 bought land from the Indians at the present site of Peekskill. Mother, Martha Minot (Mitchell) Depew; daughter of Chauncey Root Mitchell, a lawyer, and Ann (Johnstone) Mitchell; granddaughter of the Rev. Justus Mitchell (BA 1776); great-granddaughter of the Rev. Josiah Sherman (B A. Princeton 1754, honorary M.A. Yale 1765), who served as a Chaplain with rank of Captain in the Revolutionary War and who was the brother of American founding father Roger Sherman; descendant of Matthew Mitchell, who came to Boston from England in 1635, descended also from Capt. John Sherman, an English officer, who was born in Dedham, Essex County, in 1615, and from the Rev. Charles Chauncey (B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1613), who came to Plymouth in 1637 and was the second president of Harvard.

Married (1) November 9, 1871, in New York City, Elise A., daughter of William and Eliza Jane (Nevin) Hegeman. One son, Chauncey Mitchell, Jr. . Mrs. Depew died May 7, 1893. Married (2) December 27, 1901, in Nice, France, May, daughter of Henry and Alice (Hermann) Palmer.

Depew was also the paternal uncle of Ganson and Chauncey Depew, sons of his brother William Beverly Depew. Ganson Depew became a vice president of the Buffalo & Susquehanna Coal Company; and after marrying Grace Goodyear became the personal assistant of his father-in-law Frank Henry "F.H." Goodyear (who was the president of the Buffalo & Susquehanna Railway). They had two children, Ganson and Lucia Depew. His nephew Chauncey DePew worked for the Vanderbilt Railway Systems like his uncle, and married Julia Catlin Park, but later divorced.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robbins, Alexandra (2002). Secrets of the Tomb: Skull and Bones, the Ivy League, and the Hidden Paths of Power. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-72091-7.
  2. ^ [1] Depew: My Memoirs of 80 Years (Depew reminisces not quite correctly; see Journal of the Assembly (86th Session))
  3. ^ D. K. Goodwin, The Bully Pulpit (Simon & Schuster, 2013) pp.480-482
  4. ^ "Mail Tube is a Success". New York Times. 8 October 1897. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 104. 
  6. ^ Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Depew." Retrieved March 23, 2012.[2]

External links[edit]

Source[edit]

New York Assembly
Preceded by
Benjamin F. Camp
New York State Assembly
Westchester County, 3rd District

1862–1863
Succeeded by
George A. Brandreth
Political offices
Preceded by
Horatio Ballard
New York Secretary of State
1864–1865
Succeeded by
Francis C. Barlow
United States Senate
Preceded by
Edward Murphy, Jr.
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from New York
1899–1911
Served alongside: Thomas C. Platt and Elihu Root
Succeeded by
James A. O'Gorman
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Cornelius Cole
Oldest living U.S. Senator
November 3, 1924 – April 5, 1928
Succeeded by
Rebecca Felton
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
William R. Inge
Cover of Time Magazine
1 December 1924
Succeeded by
Plutarco Calles