February 9, 1923|
|Died||January 30, 2011
|Spouse(s)||Henry Morgentaler (m. 1945–75)|
Chava Rosenfarb (9 February 1923 – 30 January 2011) was a Holocaust survivor and Jewish-Canadian author of Yiddish poetry and novels, a major contributor to post-World War II Yiddish Literature. Rosenfarb began writing poetry at the age of eight.
After surviving the Łódź Ghetto, Rosenfarb was deported to Auschwitz, and then sent to a work camp at Sasel (subcamp of Neuengamme concentration camp), where she built houses for the bombed out Germans of Hamburg. At the end of the war she was sent to Bergen-Belsen, where she fell ill with nearly-fatal Typhus Fever in April 1945. After the end of the war, Rosenfarb married the future nationally-famous Canadian abortion activist Henry Morgentaler (the two divorced in 1975). In 1950, she and Morgentaler emigrated to Canada. Morgentaler and Rosenfarb, pregnant with Goldie, their daughter, emigrated from Europe to Canada, landing in Montréal in the winter of 1950, to a reception of Yiddish writers at Windsor Station.
Rosenfarb continued to write in Yiddish. She published three volumes of poetry between 1947 and 1965. In 1972 she published what is considered to be her masterpiece, a three-volume novel detailing her experiences in the Łódź Ghetto, Der boim fun lebn (דער בוים פֿון לעבן), or The Tree of Life. Her other novels are Bociany, Of Lodz and Love (available in English) and Letters to Abrasha (not yet translated).
Rosenfarb's readership decreased as the secular Yiddish culture in the Americas began to erode and assimilate, so she turned to translation. She was a regular contributor to "Di Goldene Keyt" (די גאָלדענע קייט) or, roughly translated, The Golden Chain (of Generations), a Yiddish literary journal, edited in Tel Aviv by the poet and Vilna Ghetto survivor Abraham Sutzkever, until it closed. Her collection of short stories, called Survivors: Seven Short Stories was published in 2004. A play, The Bird of the Ghetto, was performed in Hebrew translation in Israel by Israel's nation theatre, the Habimah, in 1966 and in English translation in Toronto by Theshold Theatre in 2012. A selection of her poetry was published in English in 2013 under the title Exile at Last. Most of the poems were translated by Rosenfarb herself.
She died on 30 January 2011 in Lethbridge, Alberta. Her daughter, Goldie Morgentaler, is a professor of English literature at the University of Lethbridge as well as a prominent literary translator into English of her mother's work. Her son Abraham is a doctor in Boston and the author of several books on urology and men's health.
Honours and awards
Rosenfarb was the recipient of numerous international literary prizes, including the Manger Prize, Israel's highest award for Yiddish literature, as well as a Canadian Jewish Book Award and the John Glassco Prize for Literary Translation. She was awarded an honorary degree by the University of Lethbridge in 2006.
- Di balade fun nekhtikn vald [The ballad of yesterday’s forest] (London, 1947) *Dos lid fun yidishn kelner Abram [The song of the Jewish waiter Abram]
- Geto un andere lider [Ghetto and other poems]
- Aroys fun gan-eydn [Out of Paradise]
- Der foigl fun geto [The bird of the ghetto] (1966)
- Der boim fun lebn (1972)
- trans. into English as The Tree of Life (University of Wisconsin Press, 2004)
- Bociany (Syracuse University Press, 2000)
- Of Lodz and Love (Syracuse University Press, 2000)
- Survivors: seven short stories (Cormorant Books, 2005)
- "The Tree of Life: A portrait of Chava Rosenfarb", CBC Radio, February 2001
- "Chava Rosenfarb + Alberto Manguel", Books & Writing, with Ramona Koval, Sunday 09/05/2004
- Joseph Sherman, ed., 'Chava Rosenfarb (Khave Roznfarb)' in Writers in Yiddish [Dictionary of Literary Biography 333] (New York: Bruccoli, Clark, Layman, 2007), pp. 250–256