Chavannes-le-Chêne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chavannes-le-Chêne
Chavannes-le-Chêne.JPG
Coat of arms of Chavannes-le-Chêne
Coat of arms
Chavannes-le-Chêne is located in Switzerland
Chavannes-le-Chêne
Chavannes-le-Chêne
Coordinates: 46°47′N 6°47′E / 46.783°N 6.783°E / 46.783; 6.783Coordinates: 46°47′N 6°47′E / 46.783°N 6.783°E / 46.783; 6.783
Country Switzerland
Canton Vaud
District Jura-Nord Vaudois
Government
 • Mayor Syndic
Area[1]
 • Total 3.98 km2 (1.54 sq mi)
Elevation 660 m (2,170 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 275
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Postal code 1464
SFOS number 5907
Surrounded by Champtauroz, Chêne-Pâquier, Cheyres (FR), Molondin, Murist (FR), Rovray, Treytorrens (Payerne)
Website http://www.chavannes-le-chene.ch/
Profile (French), SFSO statistics

Chavannes-le-Chêne is a municipality in the district of Jura-Nord Vaudois of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Chavannes-le-Chêne is first mentioned in 1334 as Chavanes.[3]

Geography[edit]

Chavannes-le-Chêne has an area, as of 2009, of 4 square kilometers (1.5 sq mi). Of this area, 3.3 km2 (1.3 sq mi) or 82.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.45 km2 (0.17 sq mi) or 11.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.23 km2 (0.089 sq mi) or 5.8% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.3% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.3% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 3.3% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.0%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 73.1% is used for growing crops and 8.8% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is in lakes.[4]

The municipality was part of the Yverdon District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and Chavannes-le-Chêne became part of the new district of Jura-Nord Vaudois.[5]

It consists of the village of Chavannes-le-Chêne and the hamlet of La Ruchille.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Vert, three Acorns two and one Argent.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Chavannes-le-Chêne has a population (as of December 2013) of 275.[2] As of 2008, 10.2% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 15%. It has changed at a rate of 14.2% due to migration and at a rate of 0% due to births and deaths.[8]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (210 or 90.1%) as their first language, with German being second most common (12 or 5.2%) and Portuguese being third (5 or 2.1%). There is 1 person who speaks Italian.[9]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in Chavannes-le-Chêne is; 31 children or 11.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 31 teenagers or 11.9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 36 people or 13.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 42 people or 16.2% are between 30 and 39, 31 people or 11.9% are between 40 and 49, and 34 people or 13.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 30 people or 11.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 15 people or 5.8% are between 70 and 79, there are 10 people or 3.8% who are between 80 and 89.[10]

As of 2000, there were 98 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 97 married individuals, 24 widows or widowers and 14 individuals who are divorced.[9]

As of 2000, there were 98 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.3 persons per household.[8] There were 35 households that consist of only one person and 4 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 99 households that answered this question, 35.4% were households made up of just one person and there were 2 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 19 married couples without children, 31 married couples with children There were 9 single parents with a child or children. There were 2 households that were made up of unrelated people and 1 household that was made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[9]

In 2000 there were 41 single family homes (or 53.9% of the total) out of a total of 76 inhabited buildings. There were 13 multi-family buildings (17.1%), along with 17 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (22.4%) and 5 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (6.6%).[11]

In 2000, a total of 94 apartments (90.4% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 2 apartments (1.9%) were seasonally occupied and 8 apartments (7.7%) were empty.[11] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 0 new units per 1000 residents.[8] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0%.[8]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][12]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Gallo-Roman quarry near Chavannes-le-Chêne

The Vallon Des Vaux, a prehistoric and High Middle Ages settlement is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 40.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (21.21%), the Green Party (13.99%) and the LPS Party (8.18%). In the federal election, a total of 57 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 33.1%.[14]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Chavannes-le-Chêne had an unemployment rate of 3.5%. As of 2008, there were 22 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 13 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 4 businesses in this sector. 16 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector.[8] There were 122 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 40.2% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 34. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 14, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 10, all of which were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 10. In the tertiary sector; 3 or 30.0% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 2 or 20.0% were in the movement and storage of goods, 1 was in a hotel or restaurant, 1 was in education.[15]

In 2000, there were 11 workers who commuted into the municipality and 82 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 7.5 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[16] Of the working population, 8.2% used public transportation to get to work, and 58.2% used a private car.[8]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 28 or 12.0% were Roman Catholic, while 161 or 69.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 3 individuals (or about 1.29% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. 38 (or about 16.31% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 4 individuals (or about 1.72% of the population) did not answer the question.[9]

Education[edit]

In Chavannes-le-Chêne about 97 or (41.6%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 30 or (12.9%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 30 who completed tertiary schooling, 53.3% were Swiss men, 26.7% were Swiss women.[9]

In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 39 students in the Chavannes-le-Chêne school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.[17] During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 578 children of which 359 children (62.1%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 18 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 21 students in those schools.[18]

As of 2000, there were 7 students in Chavannes-le-Chêne who came from another municipality, while 24 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[19]

Climate data for Chavannes-le-Chêne (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.9
(40.8)
10.1
(50.2)
14.1
(57.4)
18.8
(65.8)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
24.5
(76.1)
19.7
(67.5)
14.1
(57.4)
7.3
(45.1)
3.8
(38.8)
14.0
(57.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
1.3
(34.3)
5.3
(41.5)
8.7
(47.7)
13.2
(55.8)
16.6
(61.9)
18.9
(66)
18.3
(64.9)
14.3
(57.7)
9.9
(49.8)
4.3
(39.7)
1.4
(34.5)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−2.2
(28)
0.8
(33.4)
3.4
(38.1)
7.8
(46)
11.0
(51.8)
12.9
(55.2)
12.7
(54.9)
9.5
(49.1)
6.1
(43)
1.3
(34.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.0
(41)
Precipitation mm (inches) 53
(2.09)
47
(1.85)
60
(2.36)
68
(2.68)
90
(3.54)
90
(3.54)
88
(3.46)
95
(3.74)
84
(3.31)
86
(3.39)
64
(2.52)
66
(2.6)
891
(35.08)
Snowfall cm (inches) 9.8
(3.86)
10.1
(3.98)
5.2
(2.05)
0.5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3.9
(1.54)
9.9
(3.9)
39.4
(15.51)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.8 8.1 9.1 9.1 11.7 10.4 9.6 9.5 8.5 10.3 9.0 9.6 113.7
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 3.1 2.8 1.6 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1 2.5 11.3
 % humidity 85 81 74 72 73 72 71 73 79 85 86 85 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 54 84 143 169 192 221 248 227 169 107 61 44 1,719
Source: MeteoSwiss [20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Chavannes-le-Chêne in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 4 April 2011
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 19-August-2011
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 19-August-2011
  9. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  10. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office (French) accessed 29 April 2011
  11. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  13. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  17. ^ Organigramme de l'école vaudoise, année scolaire 2009-2010 (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  18. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Scol. obligatoire/filières de transition (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  19. ^ Climate Summary
  20. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 5 February 2013.  The weather station elevation is 490 meters above sea level.