Chavismo (the most literal translation being "Chavism") is the name given to the left-wing political ideology based on the ideas, programs and government style associated with the late president of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez. Chavista is a term to describe strong supporters of Chavez, which is closely associated with support for Chavismo.
Several political parties in Venezuela support chavismo. The main party, directly affiliated with Chávez, is the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Spanish: Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, usually referred to by the four letters, PSUV). Other parties and movements supporting chavismo include Homeland for All (Spanish: Patria Para Todos or PPT), and Tupamaros.
In The Weekly Standard, Thor Halvorssen Mendoza described the core of Chavismo as a "far-reaching foreign policy that aims to establish a loosely aligned federation of revolutionary republics as a resistance bloc in the Americas".
Noam Chomsky has expressed a certain degree of support for Chavez and his policies, saying that he is "quite interested" by his policies and that he regards "many of them" as "quite constructive". He notes that most importantly, Chavez seems to enjoy overwhelming support from his people after "six closely supervised elections".
According to an article in the New York Sun, Chavezism was rejected in recent elections in Peru, Colombia, and Mexico, and El Universal reports that former Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva distanced himself from Chavezism, saying that Brazil is not Venezuela, and has traditional institutions.
The Nation noted on its editorial pages that:
"Chavismo is not an adequate description of the social movement that makes up Chávez's political base, since many organizations predate his rise to political power, and their leaders and cadre have a sophisticated understanding of their relationship with Chávez. Over the last couple of years, a number of social scientists have done field work in urban barrios, and their findings confirm that this synergy between the central government and participatory local organizations has expanded, not restricted, debate and that democracy is thriving in Venezuela.
Chavismo has ripped open the straitjacket of post-cold war Latin American discourse, particularly the taboo against government regulation of the economy and economic redistribution. Public policy, including economic policy, is now open to discussion and, importantly, popular influence. This is in sharp contrast to Costa Rica, where a few months ago its Supreme Court, with the support of its executive branch, prohibited public universities from not just opposing but even debating the Central American Free Trade Agreement, which soon won a national referendum by a razor-thin margin."
Division and corruption inside Chavismo
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2013)|
On May 20th of 2013 a tape recording was released to the public by members of the AN (Asamblea Nacional) opposed to Chavismo. The recording made public the differences between the main leaders of the Chavismo, more specifically between Nicolas Maduro (former Chavez vice-president, and current president of Venezuela) and Diosdado Cabello (President of the AN). The recording exposes the conversation between the Mario Silva (a Chavista journalist, host of the talk-show "La Hojilla") and Aramis Palacios (member of Cuban intelligence services) where they are discussing the weakness of Nicolas Maduro and the corruption of Diosdado Cabello. The recording is about 50 minutes long and mentions other prominent Chavista figures and their corrupt dealings. The core of the conversation is about how Diosdado Cabello uses his position to steal dollars coming from the oil business and move them into some of his companies overseas (fake companies, only paper companies) and also the control he has over some branches of the military (being ex-military himself), and how Nicolas Maduro is not able or willing to stop him. The AN (mostly Chavista) refused to discuss or even investigate the allegations and blamed the CIA and MOSSAD of fabricating the tape recording to cause division among Chavez supporters.
- Morsbach, Greg. Chavez opponents face tough times. BBC News (6 December 2005).
- VHeadline.com | Politics & Culture: An anthropological perspective on Venezuela's political confrontation
- Halvorssen, Thor (9 August 2005). "Hurricane Hugo". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- Santora, Marc. "Chomsky is Alive, Actually, and Hungry for Debate", The New York Times.
- Barone, Michael. Good News. The New York Sun (31 July 2006).
- Lula says he is not like Chávez. El Universal (22 August 2006).
- Chavismo and Democracy, By Greg Grandin, December 6, 2007
- Ramirez, C.V. (2005), "Venezuela's Bolivarian revolution: Who are the Chavistas?", Latin American Perspectives, 32(3), pp79-97