Kayalpatnam

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Kayalpatnam
Kayalpattinam, Korkai , kayalconnection
Kayalpatnam is located in Tamil Nadu
Kayalpatnam
Kayalpatnam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°33′59″N 78°6′59″E / 8.56639°N 78.11639°E / 8.56639; 78.11639Coordinates: 8°33′59″N 78°6′59″E / 8.56639°N 78.11639°E / 8.56639; 78.11639
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thoothukudi(formerly V.O.C.)
Government
 • Body Kayalpattinum Municipality
Area
 • Total 12.5 km2 (4.8 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 32,664
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 628204
Telephone code 04639
Vehicle registration TN 69
Nearest city Thoothukudi
Sex ratio 1000:1177 /
Literacy 88.67%
Lok Sabha constituency Thoothukudi
Formerly with Tiruchendur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Tiruchendur
Civic agency Kayalpattinum Municipality
Climate Humid (Köppen)
Website http://kayalconnection.com

Kayalpatnam (also known as Kayalpattinam or Korkai) is a town in the Tuticorin district of Tamil Nadu, India. Kayal is referred to in Marco Polo's travel diaries dating to 1250 AD. Korkai or Kayal (Chayal) was an ancient port dating to the 1st centuries of the common era and was contemporaneous to the existence of Kollam, another Pandyan port. Kollam served the Pandyas on the west coast while Korkai/Kayal served them on the east coast connecting them to Ceylon and the pearl fisheries in the Gulf of Mannar facing the Tirunelveli Coast. Kayal has moorish settlements dating from 7th century AD but Marco Polo's reference to the tomb of Thomas and the Christian communities would indicate Syrian Christian communities in the region prior to that era. The ancient port had connections with Egypt, Rome and Greece. The other ports on the Coromandel Coast were Kaveripumpattinam (Poompuhar) and Arikamedu (near Pondicherry). On the west coast, the ancient ports were Kollam and Kodungallur and Barugachha (Broach) in Gujarat.[1][dubious ]

Christianity[edit]

Chayal is one of the seven churches that Thomas the Apostle is reputed to have founded in India.[2][3][4] No longer a residential bishopric, Chayal or Chaialum (the Latin form of the name) is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see of the Syro-Malabar Church.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sastri, K. A. Nilakanta (1958) [1935]. History of South India (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. 
  2. ^ The Syro-Malabar Church: An Overview
  3. ^ History of the Diocese of Irinjalakuda
  4. ^ Short History of Pathanamthitta Diocese
  5. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 868