Chayanta Province

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Chayanta
Province
Ocurí, the seat of the Ocurí Municipality
Ocurí, the seat of the Ocurí Municipality
Flag of Chayanta
Flag
Official seal of Chayanta
Seal
Location of the Chayanta Province within Bolivia
Location of the Chayanta Province within Bolivia
Provinces of the Potosí Department
Provinces of the Potosí Department
Coordinates: 18°44′S 65°51′W / 18.733°S 65.850°W / -18.733; -65.850
Country Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia
Department Potosí Department
Municipalities 4
Cantons 13
Capital Colquechaca
Area
 • Total 1,919 sq mi (4,969 km2)
Population (2001)
 • Total 90,205
 • Density 47/sq mi (18.2/km2)
 • Ethnicities Quechua
Area code(s) BO.PO.CY
Silver and acanthite, from Colquechaca (Aullagas), Chayanta Province, Bolivia. Scale at bottom is one inch, with a rule at one cm.

Chayanta is a province in the northern parts of the Bolivian Potosí Department. Its capital is Colquechaca.

Location[edit]

Chayanta province is one of sixteen provinces in the Potosí Department. It is located between 18° 23' und 19° 6' South and between 65° 23' und 66° 19' West.

It borders Charcas Province in the north, Rafael Bustillo Province in the northwest, Oruro Department in the west, Tomás Frías Province in the south, Cornelio Saavedra Province in the southeast, and Chuquisaca Department in the east. The province extends over 125 km from east to west and 100 km from north to south.

Division[edit]

The province comprises four municipalities, which are partly further subdivided into cantons.

Section Municipality Seat
1st Colquechaca Municipality Colquechaca
2nd Ravelo Municipality Ravelo
3rd Pocoata Municipality Pocoata
4th Ocurí Municipality Ocurí

Population[edit]

The main language of the province is Quechua, spoken by 79%, while 33% of the population speak Spanish. The population increased from 73,128 inhabitants (1992 census) to 90,205 (2001 census), an increase of 23.4%. The capital of the province is Colquechaca.

97% of the population have no access to electricity, 98% have no sanitary facilities.

74% of the population are employed in agriculture, 1% in mining, 13% in industry, 12% in general services. 93% of the population are Catholics, 5% Protestants.

The people are predominantly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent.[1]

Ethnic group Colquechaca Municipality (%) Ravelo Municipality (%) Pocoata Municipality (%) Ocurí Municipality (%)
Quechua 95.3 94.4 89.6 93.4
Aymara 0.9 0.3 3.0 0.2
Guaraní, Chiquitos, Moxos 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2
Not indigenous 3.8 5.2 7.3 6.1
Other indigenous groups 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1

History[edit]

In the late eighteenth century the province was the scene of a rebellion of the Aymara-speaking population led by Tomás Katari and exacerbated by his assassination in January 1781. It was also the scene of a peasant rebellion in 1927.

Literature[edit]

  • Sergio Serulnikov, Subverting Colonial Authority: Challenges to Spanish Rule in Eighteenth-Century Southern Andes (Durham: Duke University Press, 2003)
  • Sergio Serulnikov, Tomás Catari y la producción de justicia (Buenos Aires: CEDES, 1988)
  • Erick D. Langer, "Andean Rituals of Revolt: The Chayanta Rebellion of 1927," Ethnohistory 37(1990): 227–53
  • Tristan Platt, Estado boliviano y ayllu andino: tierra y tributo en el norte de Potosi (Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 1982)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo/municipal/fichas/ (inactive)

Coordinates: 18°44′S 65°51′W / 18.733°S 65.850°W / -18.733; -65.850