Chełmno nad Nerem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Nazi German extermination camp located near this village, see Chełmno extermination camp. For the town in northern Poland, see Chełmno. For the village in western Poland, see Chełmno, Szamotuły County.
Chełmno nad Nerem
Village
Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary in Chełmno
Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary in Chełmno
Chełmno nad Nerem is located in Poland
Chełmno nad Nerem
Chełmno nad Nerem
Coordinates: 52°6′49″N 18°44′55″E / 52.11361°N 18.74861°E / 52.11361; 18.74861
Country Poland Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
County Koło
Gmina Dąbie
Population 350

Chełmno nad Nerem (Polish pronunciation: [ˈxɛu̯mnɔ ˌnad ˈnɛrɛm]; "Chełmno on the Ner river") is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Dąbie, within Koło County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, in west-central Poland.[1] It lies approximately 19 km (12 mi) south-east of Koło and 135 km (84 mi) east of the regional capital Poznań. The village has a population of 350.

The Holocaust Museum[edit]

The village, during World War II renamed as German: Kulmhof an der Nehr, is the historic site of the Chełmno extermination camp, operated in 1941–45 by Nazi Germany.

Chełmno Memorial

In 1987, the Holocaust Museum in Chełmno nad Nerem was established as branch of the District Museum in Konin. The site has been the subject of historical studies for decades, and a lot of preliminary work has already been done between 1961 and 1964; but also, serious mistakes were made at that time, for example, the remnants of the original gas van were not saved.[2]

In the 1980s aerial photography was used to map out the precise location of the mass graves, the barracks and the field crematorium. Further archeological studies were conducted, and the foundations of various camp structures were unearthed and preserved, including the Las rzuchowski (Rzuchowski forest) cemetery. They were followed by archival research and interviews with the locals. The construction of the actual museum began in 1988. It was inaugurated on June 17, 1990 along with the newly built Wall of Remembrance 37.5 meters (123 feet) long. The new memorials are still being added to the site. The camp museum is visited by around 50,000 guests annually.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ a b Zbigniew Pakuła. "Upamiętnienie ofiar". Były Obóz Zagłady w Chełmnie nad Nerem (in Polish). Biuro Muzeum w Chełmnie. pp. 1 of 5. Retrieved October 31, 2012. 

Coordinates: 52°06′50″N 18°45′00″E / 52.11389°N 18.75000°E / 52.11389; 18.75000