Che (Persian letter)

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Che (چ) is an additional letter of the Persian alphabet, used to represent [t͡ʃ], and which derives from ǧīm (ج) by the addition of two dots. It is found with this value in other Arabic-derived scripts. It is used in Persian, Pashto, Kurdish, Azerbaijani, other Iranian languages and Urdu, but not in Arabic. However, it might be used in Arabic texts to represent other phonemes when writing words with sounds not in Arabic letters.


Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: چ ـچ ـچـ چـ

Other uses[edit]

The initial form of the Persian Che used as [ɡ] in an Israeli roadsign on the road to Giv'at Shmuel.

In Israel, where official announcements are often trilingual, the letter is used on roadsigns to represent [ɡ], when transcribing Hebrew or foreign names of places. In Egypt, the letter represents [ʒ] which can be a reduction of /d͡ʒ/. It can be used to transcribe [t͡ʃ] of Persian Gulf: Gulf Arabic and Iraqi Arabic, where they have that sound natively. In these countries and the rest of Arabic-speaking geographic regions, the combination of tāʾ-šīn (تش) is more likely used to transliterate the /t͡ʃ/ sound which is often realized as two consonants ([t]+[ʃ]) elsewhere; this letter combination is used for loanwords and foreign names, including those of Spanish origin in Moroccan Arabic. In the case of Moroccan Arabic, the letter ڜ is used instead to transliterate the /t͡ʃ/ sound aside from تش, this letter derives from šīn (ش) with additional 3 dots below.

For تش:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: تش ـتش ـتشـ تشـ

For ڜ‎:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ڜ ـڜ ـڜـ ڜـ

Character encodings[edit]

Character چ
Unicode name ARABIC LETTER TCHEH
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1670 U+0686
UTF-8 218 134 DA 86
Numeric character reference چ چ
Character ڜ
Unicode name ARABIC LETTER SEEN WITH THREE DOTS BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1692 U+069C
UTF-8 218 156 DA 9C
Numeric character reference ڜ ڜ

See also[edit]