Cheam

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Cheam
Cheam, Surrey, The Mansion House, Nonsuch Park - geograph.org.uk - 1733012.jpg
Cheam - postbox № SM3 215, Ewell Road - geograph.org.uk - 3186537.jpg Cheam Baptist Church - geograph.org.uk - 106458.jpg
Nonsuch Park, Cheam - geograph.org.uk - 32985.jpg
Top to bottom, left to right: Grade II listed Nonsuch Mansion in Nonsuch Park; Olympic gold postbox in Cheam Village for local medal winner; Cheam Baptist Church in Cheam Village; Panorama of Nonsuch Park.
Cheam is located in Greater London
Cheam
Cheam
 Cheam shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ245625
London borough Sutton
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SUTTON
Postcode district SM2 SM3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Sutton and Cheam
London Assembly Croydon and Sutton
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°20′52″N 0°12′41″W / 51.3478°N 0.2113°W / 51.3478; -0.2113

Cheam /ˈm/ is a large suburban village in the London Borough of Sutton, England, and is an elongated area just inside the southern boundary of Greater London where it meets Surrey. It is divided into two main areas: North Cheam and Cheam Village. North Cheam includes more retail shops and supermarkets, whilst Cheam Village and the south of Cheam are more residential. The Village does, however, constitute a small retail and restaurant quarter in its own right (see below).

Cheam has a number of listed buildings, including Lumley Chapel and the 16th-century Whitehall Gallery, and is adjacent to two large adjoining parks, Nonsuch Park and Cheam Park. Nonsuch Park contains the listed Nonsuch Mansion. Parts of Cheam Park and Cheam Village are in a conservation area.

In common with neighbouring Sutton, Cheam is a film location, and a number of television programmes have been shot there over the years.

Cheam is bordered by Worcester Park (to the north-west), Morden (to the north-east), Sutton (to the east), Ewell (to the west) as well as Banstead and Belmont to the South.

History[edit]

The Roman road of Stane Street forms part of the boundary of Cheam. The course of Stane Street through the area is now followed by the modern road London Road at North Cheam, and designated A24 on road maps.

The village lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Wallington hundred.

Cheam's roots can be dated back as far as 1018, when Chertsey Abbey owned the area. In the Domesday Book, the Bishop was holding Cheam to cater for the monks.

Cheam appears in Domesday Book as Ceiham. It was held by Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury. Its Domesday assets were: 4 hides; 1 church, 17 ploughs, 1-acre (4,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 25 hogs. It rendered £14.[1]

In the Middle Ages, Cheam was known for its potteries,[2] and recent excavations have been carried out by archaeologists. In 1538, part of Cheam was handed over to Henry VIII. The same year, Henry began work on Nonsuch Palace, which he decorated fantastically. This was later sold and demolished. In 1801, the time of the first census, Cheam had a population of 616 Cheamonians.

Cheam was the original home of Cheam School which was formed in Whitehall in 1645 and later occupied Tabor Court from 1719 until 1934 when the school moved to Berkshire. Prince Philip attended the school in Cheam in the years immediately preceding its move.

Cheam Village and North Cheam[edit]

Waitrose store in Cheam Village
Ewell Road in Cheam Village
Ewell Road, looking west

Cheam Village is centred around the crossroads between Sutton, North Cheam, South Cheam and Ewell. As well as bus services, it is served by Cheam mainline station which is in London Travelcard Zone 5 and one stop from Sutton, about a mile away, and two from Epsom, about three miles away. Services from Cheam to central London include direct trains to Victoria which take about half-an-hour.

It has a conservation area[3] and a number of historic buildings dating back several centuries, including Nonsuch Mansion, the gabled Whitehall and Lumley Chapel (see below) and a Georgian former Rectory.[4] Cheam Village Conservation area was designated in 1970. It covers historic parkland, housing of varying styles and age and a Tudor shopping area with timber detailing and leaded-lights.[5]

Cheam Village is an upmarket part of Cheam commercially - its shopping facilities have improved in recent years, and now for instance include Waitrose and Majestic Wine. Its catering facilities include branches of Costa, Prezzo, and Pizza Express. There are a number of independent establishments, including high-end furniture shops and gift shops. Banks, building societies and estate agents are represented, such as Fine & Country and Winkworths. The entrance to Nonsuch Park with its historic mansion (see below) is two hundred yards from the village centre crossroads.

North Cheam is centred 1 mile (1.6 km) north, at the crossroads between Cheam Village and Worcester Park, Epsom and Morden. There are well established bus services serving the area, including services 213 (Sutton to Kingston), 151 (Wallington to Worcester Park), 93 (North Cheam to Putney Bridge) and the less frequent X26 express service between Heathrow Airport and Croydon.

Victoria Junction is the centre of North Cheam. The area consists of a large Sainsbury's supermarket, a neighbouring park, a number of independent shops and restaurants, a post office and several banks. Plans to redevelop the site of a vacant 1960s building at the North Cheam crossroad will further improve the area's appearance, as well as adding commercial and residential provision.

St. Anthony's Hospital is a large private hospital in North Cheam.

Cheam Leisure Centre, on Malden Road, offers facilities including a swimming pool (30m x 12m), squash courts and fitness gym.

Places of note[edit]

Cheam War Memorial

Cheam War Memorial[edit]

Close to Cheam Library and the much-rebuilt Church, the memorial is to the many people of Cheam who lost their lives during World War I, World War II and to a lesser extent The Falklands War.

There are a number of inscriptions on the structure, including at the 12 O'Clock Face:

Lumley Chapel[edit]

Lumley Chapel
Main article: Lumley Chapel

Next to St Dunstan's Church (designed by F. H. Pownall), Lumley Chapel is the oldest standing building in the London Borough of Sutton, and contains many notable monuments to local families. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building,[7] and is under the care of a national charity, the Churches Conservation Trust.[8]

Too small to be used for regular worship, it is open to visitors, with the key being held by nearby properties.

Whitehall Gallery[edit]

Whitehall in Cheam Village
Main article: Whitehall (Sutton)

Whitehall is a timber framed and weatherboarded house in the centre of Cheam Village. It was originally built in about 1500 as a wattle and daub yeoman farmer's house but has been much extended. The external weatherboarded appearance dates from the 18th century. In the garden there is a medieval well which served an earlier building on the site.

Now an historic house museum, the building features a period kitchen, and house details from the Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian eras. The building is open to the public on Wednesday, Thursday & Friday 2-5pm; Saturday 10 am - 5 pm, Sunday & Bank Holiday Monday 2-5 pm. There is no admission charge. There is a programme of events and changing exhibitions in the house, which also has displays about the history of the house and its inhabitants, nearby Cheam School, and Henry VIII's Nonsuch Palace.

The Old Rectory[edit]

The Old Rectory is a large part timber-framed house, built in the Tudor period, but extended and remodelled in the Eighteenth Century. It is occasionally open to the public.

Nonsuch Mansion[edit]

The Mansion House, Nonsuch Park
Main article: Nonsuch Mansion

Nonsuch Mansion is a Grade II listed Gothic revival mansion within Nonsuch Park. The service wing is occasionally open to the public. It is a popular place for wedding receptions, as it is available for hire. In medieval times it was part of the three thousand acre manor of Cuddington. The mansion was originally built in 1731-43 by Joseph Thompson and later bought by Samuel Farmer in 1799. He employed Jeffry Wyattville to rebuild it in a Tudor Gothic style in 1802-6. Farmer was succeeded by his grandson in 1838 under whom the gardens became famous.

Nonsuch Mansion bears a resemblance in its design to the original design of Nonsuch Palace, whose construction was begun by King Henry VIII in the 16th Century. Built within the north porch of the mansion is a block from the original Nonsuch Palace that bears an inscription which means "1543 Henry VIII in the 35th year of His reign."

The Old Cottage[edit]

The Old Cottage, Cheam Village

The Old Cottage was built in the late 15th or early 16th century. Initially built as a cottage, it became a small brewery in the 18th century. It originally stood in the Broadway (then Malden Road) near the junction with Ewell Road. Under threat of demolition when the road was widened in 1922, it was saved by the local council, working with a local architect and historian. The building was dismantled by removing the original wooden pins from the timber frame. The parts were then moved to the present site one hundred yards down the road and reassembled. The Old Cottage features a local historical plaque, and is now used as a bridal wear shop.[9][10]

The Old Farmhouse[edit]

A large timber-framed and weatherboarded Yeoman farmers house, forming part of the Cheam Conservation Area with St Dunstan's Church, Whitehall, The Old Rectory and the Lumley Chapel. The Old Farmhouse has a crown post roof and large Tudor axial chimney stack in the centre with large fireplaces. The earliest part of the house is 15th Century, with several building stages extending the house in the 16th and 17th centuries, creating a Baffle House design popular in the 17th Century.

Nonsuch Park

Many original features remain including oak doors and hinges, window shutters and fireplaces. Much of the timber framing is exposed throughout the house. Recent excavation and ground imaging uncovered a large Tudor kitchen underneath the house with a Tudor hearth and hood visible. Access to the cellar kitchen was by a staircase going north to south, which is now under the floor of the current owners kitchen. A file of text and images relating to the house is available in the Conservation Archive in Sutton Library.

Parks and gardens[edit]

Nonsuch Park, Cheam
Main article: Nonsuch Park

Today Cheam is mainly built up, but still retains Cheam Park and Nonsuch Park, the latter also home to an imposing historic building, Nonsuch Mansion and extensive flower gardens. Facilities include an ice cream shop and car park.

Nonsuch Park also hosts its own parkrun, which is one of the network of 5-kilometre runs which take place weekly on Saturday mornings. Nonsuch parkrun is a two-lap course that starts and finishes near the Mansion house at 9 am.

Cheam Park backs onto Nonsuch Park, with many facilities such as tennis courts, football pitches and a children's playground.

Panorama of Nonsuch Park, Cheam

Schools[edit]

Cheam High logo

There are a number of schools in Cheam, most notably Nonsuch High School, a highly successful grammar school for girls and Cheam High School, a large mixed comprehensive school. Cheam High received "Outstanding" Ofsted reports in both 2007 and 2010. This is the highest grade Ofsted award and only 10% of schools received it.[11]

There are also a number of primary schools in the area such as Cuddington Croft, St Cecilias Catholic Primary School, Cheam Fields Primary, Cheam Common Primary, Cheam Park Farm Nursery and Infants School, Cheam Park Farm Juniors, Nonsuch Primary and St. Dunstans Church of England Primary.

Cultural references[edit]

In most series of the comedy show Hancock's Half Hour, Tony Hancock lived in the fictional road Railway Cuttings, in 'East Cheam'. Though not in existence today, the census of 1841 includes the place-names East Cheam, North Cheam, Garden Green and Cheam Common, so officially East Cheam did exist in name and was not fictional.

Cheam is referred to in a rhyme dating back to the 18th century, and revised in the Victorian era to:

"Sutton for good mutton;
Cheam for juicy beef;
Croydon for a pretty girl
And Mitcham for a thief."[12]

Disappearance of Lee Boxell[edit]

Lee Boxell, a 15-year-old schoolboy, disappeared near his home in Cheam on 10 September 1988. He was on his way to a football match at Selhurst Park and has not been seen since. The case remains unsolved despite being featured heavily in the national press and on BBC TV's Crimewatch.[13]

Notable people[edit]

The Duke of Edinburgh went to school in Cheam

Film locations[edit]

St Dunstan's Church, used as a film location
  • St. Dunstan's Church was used in an episode of The I.T. Crowd Series 2.
  • Peep Show used Cheam Park for a location shoot.
  • An episode of Terry and June features the walkway between the library car park and St. Dunstans Church (see photograph of church, right).
  • The Village crossroads were used in a police chase on The Bill.
  • The Old Rectory was used as a location for the rap group N-Dubz in the group's earlier videos
  • The Bill used the Nonsuch Manor House in Nonsuch Park in one of its episodes.
  • "Made in Chelsea" on E4 used Nonsuch House in Nonsuch Park for a 10 minute section of the 18 December 2012 programme.
  • "Great Night Out" on ITV used Lal Akash, an Indian Restaurant in Cheam Village for a 3 minute scene.

Nearby places[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]