Chech

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Chech region in Bulgaria and Greece.

Chech (Bulgarian: Чеч) or Chechko (Bulgarian: Чечко) is a geographical and historical region of the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe in modern-day Bulgaria and Greece. It consists of about 60 settlements and was traditionally mostly Pomak, with an Orthodox Bulgarian minority.[1]

The Chech region is situated on the border of the much larger regions of Macedonia and Thrace. It covers the western Rhodope Mountains and the northern slopes of Falakro (Bulgarian: Боздаг, Bozdag). It is divided in two: Drama Chech and Nevrokopi Chech. The first one and partially the second one is in Greece.[1]

According to Vasil Kanchov the eastern border of Chech is the Dospat River and the western one is the river of Dabnitsa.[2] Thus the Chech comprises the municipalities: Satovcha, Dospat and the villages in the valleys of the Dospat River and Bistritsa river. Then all villages in the Bulgarian Chech are populated by pomaks except the villages of Satovcha and Dolen which are partially inhabited by Bulgarian Christians. The villages in the Greek Chech are part of Kato Nevrokopi municipality and Sidironero community. The Pomak population of the Greek part of Chech was exchanged with Turkey during the Greek-Turkish population exchange in 1923 and replaced with Orthodox Christians from Turkey.[1]Many of the Chech villages in Greece are now abandoned.

Settlements of Nevrokopski Chech[edit]

The major settlements of the northern part of Chech are enlisted by Vasil Kanchov in two of his works.[3][4]

Settlements in Bulgaria[edit]

Settlements in Greece[edit]

  • Drama municipality: Kastanohoma (Zarnovitsa), Mirsinero (Pepelash)
  • Nevrokopi municipality: Agios Petros (Peruh), Agriokerasea (Izbishta), Ahladomilea (Debren), Delta (Vitovo), Diplohori (Dablen), Eklisaki (Manastir), Erimoklisia (Kolyarba), Katahloron (Rakishten), Kremasta (Lozna), Kritaristra (Kashitsa), Lakouda (Gorna Lakavitsa), Mavrohori (Tisovo), Melisomandra (Maloshijtsa), Mesovuni (Siderovo), Milopetra (Mazhdel), Mikroklisura (Dolna Lakavitsa), Mikromilia (Ustitsa), Perasma (Stranen) Pochan, Poliliton (Sarchan, Staredzik), Potami (Borovo), Psihron (Kosten), Shurdilovo, Virsan (Vrashten), Vrahohori (Boren)
  • Sidironero community: Dobryadzil, Evrenes (Pulovo), Kainchen, Kalikarpo (Lovchishta), Kesariano (Ruskovo), Klista (Kolyush), Kokino (Barhovo), Limon (Rashovo), Magnisio (Grazhdel), Oropdeio (Vladikovo), Papades (Popovo selo), Plakostrato (Glum), Sidironero, (Osenitsa), Skaloti (Liban), Stavrodromi (Orhovo), Voskotopi (Verdzhenitsa, Drazhenitsa), Vounohori (Pribojna), Vrahotopos (Kalchovo)

Italics indicates not inhabited settlement at the 2001 census.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Сребранов, Румен (2007). Чечкият говор (in Bulgarian). София: Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов“. pp. 12–16. ISBN 978-954-322-230-8. OCLC 262987480. 
  2. ^ Кънчов, Васил (1970) [First published in series from 1894 to 1896]. "Неврокопската каза". Избрани произведения. Том I. Пътуване по долините на Струма, Места и Брегалница. Битолско, Преспа и Охридско (in Bulgarian) (II ed.). София: Издателство “Наука и изкуство”. p. 266. OCLC 174235585. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  3. ^ Кънчов, Васил (1970) [First published in series from 1894 to 1896]. "Неврокопската каза". Избрани произведения. Том I. Пътуване по долините на Струма, Места и Брегалница. Битолско, Преспа и Охридско (in Bulgarian) (II ed.). София: Издателство “Наука и изкуство”. p. 269. OCLC 174235585. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  4. ^ Кънчов, Васил (1996) [First published 1900]. "Неврокопска Каза". Македония. Етнография и статистика (in Bulgarian) (II ed.). София: Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов“. p. 196. ISBN 954-430-424-X. OCLC 164844115. Retrieved 2009-06-24.