Het peoples

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Didiuhet
Diuihet
Region Patagonian pampas
Ethnicity Querandí etc.
Extinct 19th century
Unclassified;
possibly Het or Puelche
Dialects
Querandí
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Linguist list
0sj Divihet
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Approximate pre-colonial distribution of the Het, Puelche, and Chon peoples

The Het were the people of the northern Patagonian pampas west of the Paraná River: The Chechehet, the Diuihet AKA Didiuhet, and the Taluhet. The easternmost Didiuhet, near modern Buenos Aires and influenced by the Guarani, were called the Querandí (see).[1] It is not clear if these three peoples were related linguistically or only culturally.

The Het were neighbored on the north by the Chaná, on the northwest and west by the Mapuche, and on the south by the Puelche.

From north to south, the Het peoples were,

  • The Taluhet occupied the modern provinces of San Luis in the east, Córdoba, and Santa Fe in the west.
  • The Diuihet (Divihet, Didiuhet, Diliuhet) inhabited the coastal region between the La Plata and Paraná rivers in Buenos Aires Province, southern Santa Fe, and inland through La Pampa and as far as Mendoza.
  • The Chechehet lived as far south as the mouths of the Colorado and Río Negro rivers in southern Buenos Aires Province.

Language[edit]

The Het population was decimated by the end of the eighteenth century by epidemics, which facilitated the Mapuche absorption of its territory and its survivors rapid Araucanization at the cultural level that consolidated them into the Puelche. For this reason it is today difficult to find evidence of the Het languages. Of Querandí (Diuihet) we only have two sentences and a few words, recorded by French sailors around 1555. Based on this admittedly inadequate data, Viegas Barros showed that Querandí may have been closely related to Puelche.[2] Viegas Barros (2005) further attempted to demonstrate that Puelche is more distantly related to the Chon languages to its south.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Th. Falkner: A description of Patagonia and the adjoining parts of South America, 1774
  2. ^ Viegas Barros, P. 1992. "La familia lingüística tehuelche. Revista patagónica. 13. 54:39–46. Buenos Aires.