Cheduba Island

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Cheduba (Manaung)
မာန်အောင်ကျွန်း
Island
Cheduba (Manaung) is located in Burma
Cheduba (Manaung)
Cheduba (Manaung)
Coordinates: 18°48′N 93°38′E / 18.800°N 93.633°E / 18.800; 93.633
Country Myanmar
State Rakhine
Area
 • Total 523 km2 (202 sq mi)
Elevation 205 m (673 ft)
Population (1983)
 • Total 63,761
Time zone Myanmar Standard Time (UTC+6:30)

Cheduba Island (Burmese: မာန်အောင်ကျွန်း; also known as Manaung Island) is an island in the Bay of Bengal close to Ramree Island and belongs to Myanmar, formerly Burma. It has a maximunm length of 33 km, with an area of approximately 523 km²

Cheduba had a population of 63,761 as of 1983, composed chiefly of Burmese and Arakanese peoples. The main economic activities on the island are farming and cattle raising.

Geography[edit]

Cheduba Island lies about 10 km from the southwestern coast of Ramree Island. The terrain of the island is quite flat with scattered moderate elevations. The highest point (205 m) is on a ridge in the southwestern part of the island.

There are 5 villages connected by a road that circles the island: Owa, Thitpon, Manaung, Budaunggwe, Sachet and Meinmangwe. There is an airfield west of Manaung, the main village of Cheduba, located on the northeast coast. Manaung is linked to the village of Kyaukpyu on nearby Ramree Island by steamer.

Most of the vegetation is tropical rainforest.[1] There are mud cones that emit steam and sulfurous fumes on the island, which indicate some volcanic activity. There are also seepages of oil and gas.[2]

Nearby islands[edit]

  • Taik Kyun is a 1.4 km wide roughly round islet located 6 km off the eastern coast, about 5.8 km north of Ye Kyun.
  • Ye Kyun is a 6.8 km long and 2.4 km wide island located off the southeastern end of Cheduba Island, separated from it by a 7.8 km wide strait with numerous detached reefs. Highest point 32 m.[3]
  • Taung Kyun is a 0.4 km long low islet located 1.8 km off the southern end of Ye Kyun. Highest point 4.9 m.[4]

Other islands in the vicinity[edit]

  • Unguan is a 1 km long and 0.4 km wide islet located 33 km to the southeast of Cheduba's southern end.
  • Nantha Kyun is a roughly 2 km wide round island located 36 km off the mainland coast, about 45 km SSE of Unguan. Highest point 112 m.

History[edit]

Cheduba Island was a stop on the coastal trade route from Bengal by which Indian civilization migrated to Myanmar.[2]

Historical records show that an earthquake of a magnitude of 8.5 to 9.0 hit off the western coast of Myanmar in April 1762, and reports speculated that a tsunami could kill more that one million people in Myanmar and Bangladesh.[5] In 1881, a 7.9 magnitude earthquake in the Bay of Bengal caused "broad massive flames of fire" to be emitted on the island.[6] In the 1780s, after the Burmese conquest of the area, Cheduba became a province of Arakan. The island, along with many other islands in the area, was evacuated and occupied by the Japanese during World War II.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cheduba - MSN Encarta". encarta.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-06-22. 
  2. ^ a b "Cheduba Island -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2008-06-22. 
  3. ^ Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 India & Bay of Bengal. Enroute. National Geospatial-intelligence Agency (Feb 1, 2007). p. 169
  4. ^ Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 India & Bay of Bengal. Enroute. National Geospatial-intelligence Agency (Feb 1, 2007). p. 169
  5. ^ Anitei, Stefan. "A New Tsunami Could Kill Over 1 Million People!". Softpedia. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  6. ^ Subramanian, V. "Editorial: 1881 - Car Nicobar Island, India, Mw 7.9 Epicentre: Bay of Bengal, West of Car Nicobar Island, India Origin Time: 01:49 Date: 31st December 1881, Magnitude: Mw 7.9 ± 0.1." (PDF). Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  7. ^ Chant, Christopher (1986). The Encyclopedia of Codenames of World War II. Routledge. ISBN 0-7102-0718-2. 

External links[edit]

  • Myanmar Articles from The New York Times