Cheduba Island (Burmese: မာန်အောင်ကျွန်း; also known as Manaung Island) is an island in the Bay of Bengal close to Ramree Island and belongs to Myanmar, formerly Burma. It has an area of approximately 523 km² and a population 63,761 as of 1983 which is composed chiefly of Burmese and Arakanese peoples.
Historical records show that an earthquake of a magnitude of 8.5 to 9.0 hit off the western coast of Myanmar in April 1762, and reports speculated that a tsunami could kill more that one million people in Myanmar and Bangladesh. In 1881, a 7.9 magnitude earthquake in the Bay of Bengal caused "broad massive flames of fire" to be emitted on the island. In the 1780s, after the Burmese conquest of the area, Cheduba became a province of Arakan. The island, along with many other islands in the area, was evacuated and occupied by the Japanese during World War II.
The village of Cheduba, located on the northeast coast, is linked to the village of Kyaukpyu on nearby Ramree Island by steamer. Much of the terrain is flat and the island is only a little above sea level. Most of the vegetation is tropical rainforest. The main economic activities on the island are farming and cattle raising. There are mud cones that emit steam and sulfurous fumes on the island, which indicate some volcanic activity. There are also seepages of oil and gas.
- "Cheduba Island -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
- Anitei, Stefan. "A New Tsunami Could Kill Over 1 Million People!". Softpedia. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- Subramanian, V. "Editorial: 1881 - Car Nicobar Island, India, Mw 7.9 Epicentre: Bay of Bengal, West of Car Nicobar Island, India Origin Time: 01:49 Date: 31st December 1881, Magnitude: Mw 7.9 ± 0.1." (PDF). Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- Chant, Christopher (1986). The Encyclopedia of Codenames of World War II. Routledge. ISBN 0-7102-0718-2.
- "Cheduba - MSN Encarta". encarta.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
- Myanmar Articles from The New York Times
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