Cheektowaga (town), New York

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Coordinates: 42°54′14″N 78°44′38″W / 42.90389°N 78.74389°W / 42.90389; -78.74389
Cheektowaga
Town
Trbufmay09-082.jpg
Country United States
State New York
County Erie County
Elevation 662 ft (201.8 m)
Coordinates 42°54′14″N 78°44′38″W / 42.90389°N 78.74389°W / 42.90389; -78.74389
Area 29.5 sq mi (76.4 km2)
 - land 29.5 sq mi (76 km2)
 - water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%
Population 88,226 (2010)
Density 3,187 / sq mi (1,230.5 / km2)
Incorporated 1839
Town Supervisor Mary F. Holtz (D)
 - Town Council
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14225/14227
Area code 716
Location of Cheektowaga in Erie County
Location of Cheektowaga in New York
Website: www.tocny.org

Cheektowaga is a town (also a census-designated place, see below) in Erie County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 88,226.[1] The name comes from the Iroquoian word Ji-ik-do-wa-gah, meaning the place of the crab apple tree.

The Town of Cheektowaga is in the north-central part of the county. It is the second largest suburb of Buffalo, New York next to Amherst.[citation needed] The town contains a census-designated place also named Cheektowaga. Cheektowaga CDP and Cheektowaga Town contain the site of the Buffalo Niagara International Airport, the principal airport of Erie County.[2]

Villa Maria College, Empire State College, and the Walden Galleria are located in Cheektowaga.

History[edit]

"Land of the Crabapples" ( JI-IK-DO-WAH-GAH ), named by the Seneca Native Americans referring to the apple-like fruit of the Hawthorn trees abundantly growing in the area. Cheektowaga was formed from Amherst on March 22, 1839, and on the formation of West Seneca on October 16, 1851, was reduced to its present limits—about 33 square miles (85 km2). Throughout the 19th century, it went by its original name: "Chictawauga".

Originally a rural farming area, the town was extensively developed during the post-World War II subdivision boom of the 1950s. Factories, such as the Westinghouse Electric Corporation plant on Genesee Street (since demolished) generated employment to the area for many decades. The town continues to maintain a strong blue collar presence. Cheektowaga has a large Polish-American community, much of which relocated from Buffalo's East Side, and about 39.9% of population is of Polish heritage.[3]

In the town, there is a complex called the Garden Village Plaza. At one time this was a thriving complex full of retailers but by 2006 this had dwindled down to a few outlets including the Village Flea Market, a Dollar General and T-Birds nightclub. At this time, the plaza was acquired by Benderson Development Co for about $2 million from New York City investor Howard Drucker, who had originally asked for $5 million. This deal gained media attention [1] [2] and Benderson vowed to give the location a revamp. However, since that time even more of the businesses have closed and most of the buildings are now derelict. Further talks to develop the site took place in 2010 and 2011. [3] [4]

Other small plazas and malls like Como Mall and Thruway Mall were closed and turned into smaller business plazas with the growing popularity of large shopping malls. The Walden Galleria opened in 1989 in Cheektowaga, the largest mall in the Buffalo Niagara region.

Garrison Cemetery, Our Lady Help of Christians Chapel, and Villa Maria Motherhouse Complex are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Tornadoes[edit]

On July 30, 1987, an F1 tornado touched down in the Union Road and George Urban Boulevard area. It grew to an F2 before dissipating.[5] Homes and business suffered serious damage, but there were no fatalities or severe injuries. This tornado is locally memorable as the one which ripped the roof off the Holiday Showcase Restaurant.

Another F1 tornado touched down not far from the site of the 1987 tornado on June 30, 2006.[6] Again, homes and businesses - including the Holiday Showcase, which was remodeled soon after - were damaged, and a tractor trailer was knocked over on the NY State Thruway, but no one was killed.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.5 square miles (76.5 km²), all land.

The town borders Lancaster on the east, West Seneca on the south, the city of Buffalo on the west, and on the north by Amherst. The town includes the waterways of Scajaquada Creek, Cayuga Creek and Ellicott Creek.

The east town line is marked by New York State Route 78 (Transit Road). New York State Route 240 (Harlem Road) and New York State Route 277 (Union Road) are major north-south routes through the town. New York State Route 33 (Kensington Expressway), Walden Avenue, and William Street access the New York State Thruway, which is also a north-south highway through the town (although officially an east-west road, it travels north-south in the Cheektowaga section).

Encompassed villages[edit]

The town of Cheektowaga encompasses all of the Village of Sloan, the western half of the Village of Depew (shared with the Town of Lancaster), and a tiny portion (approximately 10 homes) of the Village of Williamsville (shared with the Town of Amherst).

Adjacent cities and towns[edit]

Major highways in the Town of Cheektowaga[edit]

  • I-190.svg Interstate 190 (Niagara Section), travels in the town from I-90 to Buffalo City Line and beyond into Downtown Buffalo and north to Niagara Falls.
  • US 20.svg U.S. Route 20 (Transit Road), North-South roadway that runs concurrently with NY 78 along Cheektowaga's east border with Lancaster, south of Depew.
  • NY-240.svg New York State Route 240 (Harlem Rd.), North-South roadway from the West Seneca town line, runs along the western town line with Buffalo, and heads north into the Town of Amherst.
  • NY-354.svg New York State Route 354 (Clinton St.), East-West roadway through the extreme southwest corner of town, and provides the southern border with West Seneca.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,042
1860 2,743 −9.8%
1870 2,465 −10.1%
1880 2,327 −5.6%
1890 2,974 27.8%
1900 5,156 73.4%
1910 7,620 47.8%
1920 11,923 56.5%
1930 20,849 74.9%
1940 25,006 19.9%
1950 45,354 81.4%
1960 84,056 85.3%
1970 113,844 35.4%
1980 109,442 −3.9%
1990 99,314 −9.3%
2000 94,019 −5.3%
2010 88,226 −6.2%
Est. 2012 87,808 −0.5%
Historical Population Figures
Cheektowaga (town)[7][8][9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 94,019 people, 40,045 households, and 25,869 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,183.8 people per square mile (1,229.3/km²). There were 41,901 housing units at an average density of 1,418.9 per square mile (547.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.94% White, 2.93% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.

There were 40,045 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the town the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,121, and the median income for a family was $46,646. Males had a median income of $34,538 versus $25,434 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,627. About 4.6% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Ancestries: Polish (39.9%), German (29.9%), Italian (16.0%), Irish (14.1%), English (5.8%), French (2.7%).

Notable Residents[edit]

Communities and locations in Cheektowaga[edit]

  • Bellevue - A neighborhood in between Union Road and the Depew Border. Home to the Bellevue Fire Department and a portion of the Cayuga Creek. Also home to the historic "Bellevue Hotel", a local bar and restaurant which has been in existence since the 19th century.
  • Cheektowaga - A cdp within the town.
  • Cleveland Hill - A neighborhood located on the north town line, this community has its own school district.
  • Depew - The Village of Depew (shared with the Town of Lancaster) is in the eastern part of the town.
  • Doyle - A neighborhood near the western town line.
  • Forks - A location near Union Road (NY-277) and Broadway (NY-130).
  • Maryvale - A neighborhood located just west of the airport, this community is also a school district, containing Maryvale High School.
  • Pine Hill - A neighborhood on the border of Buffalo, the community features many cemeteries and Villa Maria College.
  • Reinstein Woods Nature Preserve – A conservation area in the south central part of the town.
  • Sloan - The Village of Sloan, near the Buffalo border. Sloan has its own school district.
  • South Cheektowaga - Neighborhood on the border of West Seneca border near French Road. Several apartment complexes are located in this area.
  • U-Crest - A neighborhood near Union Road (NY-277) and Genesee Street (NY-33).
  • Williamsville - A small part of the Village of Williamsville (shared with the Town of Amherst).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  2. ^ "Cheektowaga CDP, New York." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  3. ^ Polish communities, Epodunk. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  5. ^ National Weather Service report on the 1987 tornado (NOAA Website)
  6. ^ page at the National Weather Service Website discussing the 2006 tornado
  7. ^ "Town of Cheektowaga - History". Town of Cheektowaga.  (2009). Retrieved 2012-01-08
  8. ^ Twelfth census of the United States, taken in the year 1900. Department of Commerce and Labor.  (1900), page 278. Retrieved 2012-01-08
  9. ^ United States summary, 1980-2000 census of population. U.S. Census Bureau.  (2000), page 137. Retrieved 2012-01-08
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]