Cheget (Russian: Чегет) is a "nuclear briefcase" (named after Mount Cheget in Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia) and a part of the automatic system for the pinnacle command and control of Russia's Strategic Nuclear Forces (SNF) named Kazbek (after Mount Kazbek).
It was developed during Yuri Andropov's times in the early 1980s. The suitcases were put into service just as Mikhail Gorbachev took office in March 1985. It is connected to the special communications system code-named Kavkaz, which "supports communication between senior government officials while they are making the decision whether to use nuclear weapons, and in its own turn is plugged into Kazbek, which embraces all the individuals and agencies involved in command and control of the Strategic Nuclear Forces." The Russian President has a cheget on hand at all times. It is usually assumed although not known with certainty that the nuclear briefcases are also issued to the Minister of Defense and the Chief of the General Staff. The General Staff receives the signal and initiates the strike through the passing of authorization codes to missile silo launch complexes or by remotely launching individual ICBMs.
On January the 25th, 1995, in the Norwegian rocket incident, the cheget was activated in response to a misidentfied Brant XII four-stage sounding rocket, launched by Norwegien and american scientists, it was the only time a nuclear briefcase has been activated in preperation for an attack
- Designated survivor
- Nuclear briefcase
- Nuclear football – the American counterpart
- Two-man rule
- cold war
- Nuclear warfare
- Adventures of the "Nuclear Briefcase": A Russian Document Analysis, Strategic Insights, Volume III, Issue 9 (September 2004), by Mikhail Tsypkin
- A 2nd Briefcase for Putin By Alexander Golts, Moscow Times, 20 May 2008
- WashingtonPost.com: Cold War Report
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