Location in Oklahoma
|• Total||1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)|
|• Land||1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||722 ft (220 m)|
|• Density||1,155.3/sq mi (446.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1091232|
|The high school mascot is the Green Dragons.|
Chelsea is a town in Rogers County, Oklahoma. The population was 1,964 at the 2010 census, a decline of 8.3 percent from 2,136 at the 2000 census. Chelsea was named after the area in London, England, by Charles Peach, a railroad official who was a native of that city. Chelsea used to be one of the largest towns in Oklahoma. Chelsea is the home of Oklahoma's first oil well.
In 1881, Chelsea began as a stop on the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. A post office was established in November 1882. The community incorporated as a town in the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, in 1889. The town was surveyed and platted in 1902. The Bank of Chelsea, the first state bank in Indian Territory, began operation in March 1896.
The town economy has historically rested on farming, ranching and oil production. Important farm products were oats, corn, wheat and pecans. Chelsea became noted as a shipping point for cattle and hay before statehood in 1907. The Chelsea-Alluwe oil field was discovered southwest of Chelsea in 1889 by the United States Oil and Gas Company.
Chelsea is located at  It is 19 miles (31 km) northeast of Claremore and 47 miles (76 km) northeast of Tulsa. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), all land.(36.535544, -95.431466).
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,136 people, 835 households, and 539 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,267.4 people per square mile (488.0/km²). There were 961 housing units at an average density of 570.2 per square mile (219.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.93% White, 25.70% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 8.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.
There were 835 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,127, and the median income for a family was $29,432. Males had a median income of $29,018 versus $19,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,889. About 14.9% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 24.3% of those age 65 or over.
Chelsea High School, is a 2A School with Grades K-12. In 1998 the Chelsea High School boys track team won the state championship. In 2007 the Chelsea High School Varsity cheerleading squad won the state championship. Also in 2007 the Chelsea High School Softball team won state championship. In 2013, the Chelsea Academic team won the 3A State Championship.
National Register of Historic Places
The following sites in Chelsea are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- Chelsea Motel
- Hogue House
- Pryor Creek Bridge
- Birthplace of Admiral Joseph J. Clark (November 12, 1893).
- Home to Clem McSpadden, U.S. Representative from Oklahoma's 2nd Congressional District from 1973-75 and grand-nephew of Will Rogers.
- World Series MVP Pitcher Ralph Terry was a member of Chelsea High School Green Dragons baseball teams.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- CensusViewer: Chelsea, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- McSpadden, Donna Casity, "Chelsea", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture (Oklahoma Historical Society), retrieved January 10, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
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