Chelsea (UK Parliament constituency)

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Chelsea
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18681997
Number of members Two (1868–1885):
One (1885–1997)
Replaced by Kensington and Chelsea
Created from Middlesex

Chelsea was a borough constituency, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The constituency was created by the Reform Act 1867 for the 1868 general election, when it returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system of election.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, with effect from the 1885 general election, its representation was reduced to one MP, elected by the first past the post system.

Chelsea in the metropolitan area, 1868-1885.
Chelsea in the metropolitan area, 1885-1918. Note that in this period the constituency had two detached parts: one in what is currently known as Chelsea, and a separate part in Kensal Town.
Chelsea in the Parliamentary County of London, 1918-1950.
Chelsea in the Parliamentary County of London, 1950-1983.

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

Chelsea (after the local government changes in 1965) is a district of Inner London, comprising for administrative purposes the southern part of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Its southern boundary is on the north bank of the River Thames. It adjoins Westminster to the east, Fulham to the west and Kensington to the north.

Before 1868 the area was represented in Parliament as part of the county constituency of Middlesex.

With the expansion westwards of the urban area around Westminster, the former village of Chelsea and neighbouring areas had by 1868 developed enough to be made a Parliamentary borough and given two seats in the House of Commons. The parliamentary borough comprised four civil parishes: Chelsea, Fulham, Hammersmith and Kensington.[1]

In 1885, the existing parliamentary borough was divided into five single-member constituencies. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 defined the redrawn Chelsea seat as comprising the parish of St Luke, Chelsea. The constituency had a detached outlier, the Kensal Green area.[2] (The remaining parishes became the constituencies of Fulham, Hammersmith, Kensington North and Kensington South.)

In 1889, the historic county of Middlesex was divided for administrative purposes. Chelsea became part of the County of London. No changes were made to parliamentary boundaries, however.

In the 1918 redistribution of Parliamentary seats, the Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea (created as a local government unit in 1900) was represented by one MP.

In the redistribution which took effect in 1950, the then Brompton ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Kensington was added to the existing area of the constituency.

In 1965, the London County Council area was absorbed by the new Greater London Council. The constituency was included in a new London Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, although the Parliamentary boundaries were not altered immediately.

In the redistribution that took effect in 1974, the Kensington and Chelsea, Chelsea constituency consisted of the then Brompton, Cheyne, Church, Earls Court, Hans Town, North Stanley, Redcliffe, Royal Hospital and South Stanley wards of Kensington and Chelsea.

From the 1983 redistribution, Chelsea consisted of Abingdon, Brompton, Cheyne, Church, Courtfield, Earls Court, Hans Town, North Stanley, Redcliffe, Royal Hospital and South Stanley wards of Kensington and Chelsea.

98.5% of the constituency had been in the pre-1983 Chelsea and 1.5% had been part of Kensington.

In the 1997 redistribution, Chelsea ceased to exist as a constituency. The area was included in the Kensington and Chelsea constituency, which covered the central and southern portions of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, including the centres of both Kensington and Chelsea.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1868-1885[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1868 Sir Charles Dilke, Bt. Liberal Sir Henry Hoare, Bt Liberal
1874 William Gordon Conservative
1880 Joseph Firth Bottomley Firth Liberal
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885-1997[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Sir Charles Dilke, Bt. Liberal
1886 Charles Algernon Whitmore Conservative
1906 Emslie Horniman Liberal
Jan 1910 Samuel Hoare Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1944 by-election William Sidney Conservative
1945 Allan Noble Conservative
1959 John Litchfield Conservative
1966 Sir Marcus Worsley Conservative
Oct 1974 Sir Nicholas Scott Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Kensington & Chelsea

Elections[edit]

General Election 1992: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Scott 17,471 65.1 +0.6
Labour Ms. Rima E. Horton 4,692 17.5 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Ms Susan N. Broidy 4,101 15.3 +15.3
Green Miss Niki Kortvelyessy 485 1.8 -0.3
Anti-Federalist League Douglas G.F. Armstrong 88 0.3 +0.3
Majority 12,789 47.7 +1.0
Turnout 42,372 63.3 +5.7
Conservative hold Swing N/A
  • Constituency abolished 1997
General Election 1987: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Scott 18,443 64.6 +1.3
Liberal Jennifer Margaret Ware 5,124 17.9 -5.5
Labour David John Ward 4,406 15.4 +2.6
Green Niki Kortvelyessy 587 2.1 +2.1
Majority 13,319 46.6 +6.9
Turnout 49,534 57.7 +1.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Scott 19,122 63.2 -2.9
Liberal Jonathan Fryer 7,101 23.5 +9.7
Labour Nick Palmer 3,876 12.8 -5.7
Independent Miss A.C.M. Feilding 139 0.5 +0.3
Majority 12,021 39.8 -7.9
Turnout 53,864 56.1 -1.2
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1979: Kensington and Chelsea, Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Scott 21,782 66.1 +5.1
Labour R.M. Pandy 6,092 18.5 -1.7
Liberal P.G. Driver 4,544 13.8 -4.1
National Front A. Reeve 342 1.0 +1.0
Independent Mrs B. Fellowes 146 0.4 +0.4
Independent Miss A.M.C.M. Feilding 49 0.2 +0.2
Majority 15,690 47.6 +6.8
Turnout 57,515 57.3 +7.3
Conservative hold Swing +3.4
  • Minor boundary change affecting less than 5% of electors
General Election October 1974: Kensington and Chelsea, Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Scott 19,674 61.0 +0.6
Labour G.A. Colerick 6,507 20.2 +2.5
Liberal N.L. Clarke 5,758 17.9 -2.9
Independent R.E. Byron 321 1.0 +1.0
Majority 13,167 40.8 +1.2
Turnout 64,548 50.0 -10.0
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election February 1974: Kensington and Chelsea, Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Marcus Worsley, Bt 23,320 60.43 -5.0
Liberal N.L. Clarke 8,012 20.76 +12.0
Labour Mrs S.K. Ward 6,839 17.72 -6.0
Independent Conservative A.J.E. Barclay 416 1.08 +1.1
Majority 15,308 39.67 -2.1
Turnout 64,338 60.0 +5.0
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1970: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Worsley 15,852 65.4 +5.6
Labour Dr R.J. Madeley 5,737 23.7 -4.4
Liberal A.H.S. Beavan 2,136 8.8 -3.2
Independent N.L. Luard 514 2.1 +2.1
Majority 10,115 41.73 +9.99
Turnout 44,038 55.04 -7.95
Conservative hold Swing +5.00
  • Boundary change
General Election 1966: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marcus Worsley 16,337 59.85 -1.68
Labour R.N. Tyler 7,674 28.11 +2.96
Liberal P. Smith 3,285 12.03 -1.28
Majority 8,663 31.74 -4.64
Turnout 43,336 62.99 +0.24
Conservative hold Swing -2.32
General Election 1964: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Litchfield 16,802 61.53 -6.26
Labour J.M.Y. Dickens 6,868 25.15 +4.77
Liberal A.C.S. Thomas 3,635 13.31 +1.48
Majority 9,934 36.38 -11.03
Turnout 43,515 62.75 -3.00
Conservative hold Swing -5.52
General Election 1959: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Litchfield 20,985 67.79 -5.62
Labour L. Goldstone 6,308 20.38 -6.21
Liberal K.G. Wellings 3,662 11.83 +11.83
Majority 14,677 47.41 +0.58
Turnout 47,077 65.75 +0.22
Conservative hold Swing +5.92
General Election 1955: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Allan Noble 23,598 73.41 +3.52
Labour S. Fordyce 8,546 26.59 -3.52
Majority 15,052 46.83 +7.05
Turnout 49,049 65.53 -4.11
Conservative hold Swing +3.52
General Election 1951: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Allan Noble 25,034 69.89 +5.72
Labour F.L. Tonge 10,784 30.11 +2.80
Majority 14,250 39.78 +2.91
Turnout 51,433 69.64 -0.98
Conservative hold Swing +4.26
General Election 1950: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Allan Noble 23,471 64.17 +0.45
Labour F.L. Tonge 9,987 27.31 -3.77
Liberal L.C. Robertson 3,116 8.52 +8.52
Majority 13,484 36.87 +4.23
Turnout 51,789 70.62 +7.82
Conservative hold Swing +2.11
General Election 1945: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Allan Noble 12,043 63.72 -11.23
Labour Miss M.D. Shufeldt 5,874 31.08 +6.03
Common Wealth Dr Dorothy A. Sharpe 984 5.21 +5.21
Majority 6,169 32.64 -17.26
Turnout 30,095 62.80 +1.09
Conservative hold Swing -8.63
  • Note 1 (1945): Changes and swing calculated from 1935 to 1945.
  • Note 2 (1945): Counting of votes took place on 26 July 1945
  • Boundary change
  • Creation of Hoare as 1st Viscount Templewood
By-Election 11 October 1944: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Sidney Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 14 November 1935: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt 18,992 74.95 -8.01
Labour George Somerville Sandilands 6,348 25.05 +8.01
Majority 12,644 49.90 -16.03
Turnout 41,061 61.71 -3.52
Conservative hold Swing -8.01
General Election 27 October 1931: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt 23,015 82.96 +24.51
Labour G.A. Foan 4,726 17.04 -8.05
Majority 18,289 65.93 +32.57
Turnout 42,531 65.23 +2.09
Conservative hold Swing +16.28
General Election 30 May 1929: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt 15,480 58.45 -7.23
Labour Rev. Alfred George Prichard 6,645 25.09 -0.92
Liberal Capt. Iolo Aneurin Williams 4,360 16.46 +9.06
Majority 8,835 33.36 -5.41
Turnout 41,945 63.14 -7.96
Conservative hold Swing -4.08
General Election 29 October 1924: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt 13,816 65.68 +8.68
Labour Hon. Mrs Dora Russell 5,661 26.01 -1.49
Liberal Capt. Iolo Aneurin Williams 1,557 7.40 -8.11
Majority 8,155 38.77 +9.27
Turnout 29,582 71.10 +7.27
Conservative hold Swing +5.09
General Election 6 December 1923: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt 10,461 57.00 -17.86
Labour Hon. Bertrand Arthur William Russell 5,047 27.50 +2.36
Liberal Harry Westbury Preston 2,846 15.51 +15.51
Majority 5,414 29.50 -20.22
Turnout 28,755 63.83 +0.74
Conservative hold Swing -10.11
General Election 15 November 1922: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt 13,437 74.86 -4.25
Labour Hon. Bertrand Russell 4,513 25.14 +25.14
Majority 8,924 49.72 +8.49
Turnout 28,453 63.09 +16.45
Conservative hold Swing -14.70

Elections in 1910s[edit]

General Election 14 December 1918: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Sir Samuel Hoare, Bt 9,159 79.11 +18.65
Independent Progressive Emily Frost Phipps 2,419 20.89 +20.89
Majority 6,740 58.21 +37.29
Turnout 24,822 46.64 -26.35
Coalition Conservative hold Swing N/A
  • Note (1918): Counting of votes took place on 28 December 1918
  • Swing: For 1922-1992 the swing figure given is the Butler Swing, defined as the average of the Conservative % gain and Labour % loss between two elections, with the percentages being calculated on the basis of the total number of votes (including those cast for candidates other than Conservative or Labour). A positive figure is a swing to Conservative and a negative one to Labour. No swing figure is given for elections where Conservative and Labour were not first and second in both of the pair of elections.
General Election December 1910: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Hoare 4,968 60.46 +2.37
Liberal Hugh Edward Hoare 3,249 39.54 -2.37
Majority 1,719 20.92 +4.75
Turnout 11,257 72.99 -12.81
Conservative hold Swing +2.37
  • Boundary change
General Election 10 January 1910: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Hoare 5,610 58.09 +11.71
Liberal Emslie Horniman 4,048 41.91 -11.71
Majority 1,562 16.17 N/A
Turnout 11,257 85.80 +10.46
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +11.71
General Election 16 January 1906: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Emslie Horniman 4,660 53.62 +12.00
Conservative Charles Algernon Whitmore 4,031 46.38 -12.00
Majority 629 7.24 N/A
Turnout 11,536 75.34 +12.97
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing -12.00
General Election 1900: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Algernon Whitmore 4,637 58.38 -2.14
Liberal J. Jeffery 3,306 41.62 +2.14
Majority 1,331 16.76 -4.27
Turnout 12,736 62.37 -5.71
Conservative hold Swing -2.14
General Election 1895: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Algernon Whitmore 5,524 60.52 +7.52
Liberal O.H. Beatty 3,604 39.48 -7.52
Majority 1,920 21.03 +15.02
Turnout 13,408 68.08 -6.77
Conservative hold Swing +7.52
General Election 1892: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Algernon Whitmore 4,993 53.00 +1.96
Liberal B.F.C. Costelloe 4,427 47.00 -1.98
Majority 566 6.01 +3.92
Turnout 12,585 74.85 -1.09
Conservative hold Swing +1.96
General Election 5 July 1886: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Algernon Whitmore 4,304 51.04 +2.08
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Charles Dilke, Bt 4,128 48.96 -2.08
Majority 176 2.09 N/A
Turnout 11,104 75.94 +0.23
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.08
General Election 25 November 1885: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Charles Dilke, Bt 4,291 51.04 N/A
Conservative Charles Algernon Whitmore 4,116 48.96 N/A
Majority 175 2.08 N/A
Turnout 11,104 75.71 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
By-Election 11 January 1883: Chelsea
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir Charles Dilke, Bt Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
  • Constituency reduced to one seat.
  • Swing: For 1885-1910 the swing figure given is the Butler Swing, defined as the average of the Conservative % gain and Liberal % loss between two elections, with the percentages being calculated on the basis of the total number of votes (including those cast for candidates other than Conservative or Liberal). A positive figure is a swing to Conservative and a negative one to Liberal.
General Election 12 February 1880: Chelsea (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Charles Dilke, Bt 12,406 28.45 -2.85
Liberal Joseph Firth Bottomley Firth 12,046 27.62 +27.62
Conservative Lord Inverurie 9,666 22.17 +22.17
Conservative W.J. Browne 9,488 21.76 +21.76
Turnout 30,951 70.44 +21.51
General Election 10 February 1874: Chelsea (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Charles Dilke, Bt 7,217 31.30 -1.24
Conservative William Gordon 7,172 31.11 +31.11
Liberal Sir Henry Hoare, Bt 6,701 29.06 -2.63
Liberal G.M. Keill 1,967 8.53 +8.53
Turnout 23,560 48.93 -16.16
General Election 17 November 1868: Chelsea (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Dilke 7,374 32.54 N/A
Liberal Sir Henry Hoare, Bt 7,183 31.69 N/A
Conservative W.H. Russell 4,177 18.43 N/A
Conservative Charles James Freake 3,929 17.34 N/A
Turnout 17,408 65.09 N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Youngs, Frederic A (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 749. ISBN 0901050679. 
  2. ^ F. H. W. Sheppard, ed. (1973). "Kensal Green". Survey of London. Volume 37: Northern Kensington. pp. 333–339. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1974)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1974-1983, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1984)
  • Britain Votes 4: British Parliamentary Election Results 1983-1987, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1988)
  • Britain Votes 5: British Parliamentary Election Results 1988-1992, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Parliamentary Research Services/Dartmouth Publishing 1993)
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber and Faber 1984)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]