Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°53′24″N 2°04′41″W / 51.890°N 2.078°W / 51.890; -2.078

Cheltenham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Cheltenham in Gloucestershire.
Outline map
Location of Gloucestershire within England.
County Gloucestershire
Electorate 77,937 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Cheltenham
Current constituency
Created 1832
Member of Parliament Martin Horwood (Liberal Democrat)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Cheltenham /ˈɛlʔ.nəm/ or /ˈɛlt.nəm/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Martin Horwood, a Liberal Democrat.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The Borough of Cheltenham; and the Borough of Tewkesbury wards of Leckhampton with Up Hatherley, Prestbury St Mary's, and Prestbury St Nicolas.

1997-2010: The Borough of Cheltenham wards of All Saints', Charlton Kings, College, Hatherley and The Reddings, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Park, Pittville, St Mark's, St Paul’s, and St Peter's.

2010-present: The Borough of Cheltenham wards of All Saints, Battledown, Benhall and The Reddings, Charlton Kings, Charlton Park, College, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Leckhampton, Oakley, Park, Pittville, St Mark’s, St Paul’s, St Peter’s, Springbank, Up Hatherley, and Warden Hill.

The seat covers the town of Cheltenham in Gloucestershire with a slightly smaller, different area to the borough of the same name. It is bordered by the Tewkesbury and Cotswolds seats.

Constituency profile[edit]

Famous for its racecourse which hosts in March the annual Cheltenham Gold Cup, a long-established girls' School and right at the edge of the Cotswold Hills, Cheltenham has a large tourism sector. GE Aviation is a large employer and GCHQ, the government communications centre, is here, so numbers of highly skilled workers and professionals are well above the national average. One of the West of England's most upmarket towns, the few neighbourhoods of medium levels in the Index of Multiple Deprivation are almost wholly in Hesters Way which has the most social housing.[2] About 10% of the electorate are students at the University of Gloucestershire just outside the compact town centre. A Liberal Democrat has served the seat since 1992 when their candidate Nigel Jones overturned four decades of Conservative MPs.

History[edit]

Cheltenham borough constituency was created in the Great Reform Act of 1832 and has returned nine Liberals (or Liberal Democrats) and nine Conservatives to Parliament since that time, along with one independent.

A Conservative served the constituency from 1950 until 1992. The Conservatives' campaign in the 1992 general election following the Poll Tax Riots saw a local party member's racist remarks about their own candidate, John Taylor, of Afro-Caribbean descent.[citation needed] Taylor lost the election to Nigel Jones of the Liberal Democrats.

In 2000, Jones was nearly murdered in a horrific incident at one of his MP's surgeries; a man attacked him and an assistant with a samurai sword. His colleague, Andrew Pennington, was killed in the attack. Jones was made a life peer in 2005. The Liberal Democrats held Cheltenham in the 2005 election when Martin Horwood won the election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party Notes
1832 Hon. Craven Berkeley Liberal son of the 5th Earl of Berkeley
1847 Sir Willoughby Jones Conservative unseated on petition
1848, June by-election Hon. Craven Berkeley Liberal unseated on petition
1848, September by-election Grenville Berkeley Liberal
1852 Hon. Craven Berkeley Liberal died 1855
1855 by-election Grenville Berkeley Liberal
1856 by-election Francis Berkeley Liberal later 2nd Baron FitzHardinge
1865 Charles Schreiber Conservative
1868 Henry Bernhard Samuelson Liberal
1874 James Tynte Agg-Gardner Conservative
1880 Charles de Ferrieres Liberal
1885 James Tynte Agg-Gardner Conservative
1895 Francis Shirley Russell Conservative
1900 James Tynte Agg-Gardner Conservative
1906 John Edward Sears Liberal
1910, January Vere Brabazon Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon Conservative later 9th Earl of Bessborough
1910, December Richard Mathias Liberal unseated on petition
1911 by-election Sir James Tynte Agg-Gardner Conservative Knighted in 1916
1928 by-election Sir Walter Preston Conservative
1937 by-election Daniel Lipson Independent Conservative
1945 National Independent
1950 William Hicks-Beach Conservative
1964 Sir Douglas Dodds-Parker Conservative
Oct 1974 Charles Irving Conservative
1992 Nigel Jones Liberal Democrats later a life peer as Baron Jones of Cheltenham
2005 Martin Horwood Liberal Democrats

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alex Chalk[4]
General Election 2010: Cheltenham[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Martin Horwood 26,659 50.5 +9.0
Conservative Mark Coote 21,739 41.2 +4.9
Labour James Green 2,703 5.1 −6.3
UKIP Peter Bowman 1,192 2.3 +0.9
Monster Raving Loony Dancing Ken Hanks 493 0.9 −0.3
Majority 4,920 9.3
Turnout 52,786 67.0 +6.0
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +4.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Martin Horwood 18,122 41.5 −6.2
Conservative Vanessa Gearson 15,819 36.3 +1.1
Labour Christopher Evans 4,988 11.4 −0.6
Independent Dr Robert Hodges [6] 2,651 6.1 N/A
Green Keith Derek Bessant 908 2.1 +0.3
UKIP Niall Warry 608 1.4 +0.2
Monster Raving Loony Dancing Ken Hanks 525 1.2 0.0
Majority 2,303 5.3
Turnout 43,621 61.0 −0.9
Liberal Democrat hold Swing −3.6
General Election 2001: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Nigel Jones 19,970 47.7 −1.7
Conservative Rob Edward Garnham 14,715 35.2 −1.1
Labour Andrew Barnes Erlam 5,041 12.0 +1.9
Green Keith Derek Bessant 735 1.8 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Ken R.S. Hanks 513 1.2 +0.5
UKIP James Carver 482 1.2 +0.6
ProLife Alliance Anthony John Gates 272 0.7 +0.2
Independent Roger Everest 107 0.3 N/A
Majority 5,255 12.5
Turnout 41,835 61.9 −12.1
Liberal Democrat hold Swing −0.3

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Nigel Jones 24,877 49.45 +2.1
Conservative John Todman 18,232 36.24 -8.5
Labour Barry Leach 5,100 10.1 +3.8
Referendum Party Alison Powell 1,065 2.1
Monster Raving Loony Ken Hanks 375 0.8
UKIP Gordon Cook 302 0.6
ProLife Alliance Anne Harriss 245 0.5
Natural Law S Brighouse 107 0.2 -0.1
Majority 6.645 13.2
Turnout 50,303 74.0
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +5.3
General Election 1992: Cheltenham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Nigel Jones 30,351 47.3 +5.0
Conservative John Taylor 28,683 44.7 −5.4
Labour Mrs Pam Rose Tatlow 4,077 6.4 −1.2
Independent Mervyn David Rendell 665 1.0 N/A
Natural Law Henry W. Brighouse 169 0.3 N/A
Independent Mark Ashley Bruce-Smith 162 0.3 N/A
Majority 1,668 2.6 −5.2
Turnout 64,107 80.3 +1.4
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +5.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Irving 31,371 50.2 −0.4
Liberal Richard Gordon Holme 26,475 42.3 +1.3
Labour Michael Norman Luker 4,701 7.5 −0.1
Majority 4,896 7.8 −1.8
Turnout 62,547 78.9 +3.0
Conservative hold Swing −0.7
General Election 1983: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Irving 29,187 50.6
Liberal Richard Gordon Holme 23,669 41.0
Labour Mrs. Judith M. James 4,390 7.6
Ecology David G. Swindley 479 0.8 N/A
Majority 5,518 9.6
Turnout 57,724 75.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Irving 25,618 51.0 +4.9
Liberal Nigel Jones 15,080 30.0 +1.9
Labour M. Reilley 9,185 18.3 −7.5
National Front R. Jacklin 342 0.7 N/A
Majority 10,538 21.0
Turnout 50,225 77.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.5
General Election October 1974: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Irving 21,691 46.1 +3.1
Liberal Frederick Carson Rodger 13,237 28.1 −3.0
Labour F.C. Inglis 12,134 25.8 +0.1
Majority 8,454 18.0
Turnout 47,062 75.0
Conservative hold Swing +3.1
General Election February 1974: Cheltenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Douglas Dodds-Parker 21,723 43.0 −7.2
Liberal Frederick Carson Rodger 15,811 31.3 +12.8
Labour Hugh Gray 12,971 25.7 −5.6
Majority 5,912 11.7
Turnout 50,505 81.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Cheltenham

Electorate 60,188

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker 22,823 50.2 −3.2
Labour Leslie George Godwin 14,213 31.3 −15.3
Liberal A George Aldridge 8,431 18.5 N/A
Majority 8,610 18.9
Turnout 45,467 75.5
Conservative hold Swing +6.1

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Cheltenham

Electorate54,964

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker 22,683 53.4 +6.2
Labour W. John Wilson 19,768 46.6 +11.9
Majority 2,915 6.9
Turnout 42,451 77.2
Conservative hold Swing −2.9
General Election 1964: Cheltenham

Electorate 54,120

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker 19,797 47.2 −3.8
Labour Hugh Gray 14,557 34.7 +5.2
Liberal James A. Lemkin 7,568 18.1 −1.4
Majority 5,240 12.50
Turnout 41,922 77.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Cheltenham

Electorate 52,946

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Whitehead Hicks-Beach 21,997 51.0 −8.3
Labour Dr K.G. Pendse 12,725 29.5 −11.2
Liberal George G. Watson 8,428 19.5 N/A
Majority 9,272 21.5
Turnout 43,150 81.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Cheltenham

Electorate 51,491

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Whitehead Hicks-Beach 24,259 59.3 +2.2
Labour James Finnigan 16,638 40.7 −2.2
Majority 7,621 18.6
Turnout 40,897 79.4
Conservative hold Swing +2.2
General Election 1951: Cheltenham

Electorate 49,844

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Whitehead Hicks-Beach 23,674 57.1 +13.7
Labour James Finnigan 17,777 42.9 −11.5
Majority 5,897 14.2
Turnout 41,451 83.2
Conservative hold Swing +12.6
General Election 1950: Cheltenham

Electorate 48,784

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Whitehead Hicks-Beach 18,009 43.4 +17.6
Labour A.G. James 13,027 31.4 +1.5
Independent Conservative Daniel Leopold Lipson 10,449 25.2 −18.1
Majority 4,982 12.0
Turnout 41,485 85.0
Conservative gain from Independent Conservative Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Cheltenham[8]

Electorate 49,282

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Conservative Daniel Leopold Lipson 16,081 43.3 N/A
Labour Miss Phyllis Maude Warner 11,095 29.9 +0.4
Conservative William Whitehead Hicks-Beach 9,972 26.8 −43.7
Majority 4,986 13.4
Turnout 37,148 75.4
Independent Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Cheltenham by-election, 1937[11]

Electorate 37,947

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Conservative Daniel Leopold Lipson 10,533 40.0 N/A
Conservative R. T. Harper 10,194 38.8 −31.7
Labour Cyril C Poole 5,570 21.2 −8.3
Majority 339 1.2
Turnout 26,297 69.3 −1.1
Independent Conservative gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1935: Cheltenham[12]

Electorate 37,428

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Walter Reuben Preston 18,574 70.5 −10.6
Labour Hon. Mrs. Elizabeth Pakenham 7,784 29.5 +10.6
Majority 10,790 41.0
Turnout 26,358 70.4
Conservative hold Swing −10.6
General Election 1931: Cheltenham[13]

Electorate 36,974

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Walter Reuben Preston 22,524 81.1
Labour John Ramage 5,263 18.9
Majority 17,261 62.1
Turnout 27,787 75.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929[14]

Electorate 35,993

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Walter Reuben Preston 15,279 53.2
Liberal Frank Walter Raffety 8,533 29.7 -
Labour William Ramsey Piggott 4,920 17.1 -1.7
Majority
Turnout 79.8
Conservative hold Swing
Cheltenham by-election, 1928[15]

Electorate 26,265

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Walter Reuben Preston 10,438 49.5 −7.1
Liberal Sir John Fowler Leece Brunner 6,678 31.7 −11.7
Labour Florence Beatrice Widdowson 3,962 18.8 N/A
Majority 3,760 17.8 +4.6
Turnout 21,078 80.3 −2.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1924: [16]

Electorate 25,454

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon Sir James Tynte Agg-Gardner 11,909 56.6
Liberal Joseph Stanley Holmes 9,146 43.4
Majority 2,763 13.2
Turnout 82.7
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: [17]

Electorate 24,768

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir James Tynte Agg-Gardner 10,514 53.4 -4.6
Liberal Cuthbert Plaistowe 9,170 46.6 +4.6
Majority 1,344 6.8 -9.2
Turnout 79.5
Unionist hold Swing -4.6
General Election 1922 : [18]

Electorate 23,977

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir James Tynte Agg-Gardner 11,383 58.0 -2.3
Liberal Cuthbert Plaistowe 8,237 42.0 +2.3
Majority 3,146 16.0 -4.6
Turnout 81.8 +13.2
Unionist hold Swing -2.3

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 14 December 1918[19]

Electorate 23,217

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir James Tynte Agg-Gardner 9,602 60.3
Liberal Dr Richard Davies 6,317 39.7
Majority 3,285 20.6
Turnout 68.6
Unionist hold Swing

A general election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election.

Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.

Cheltenham by-election, 1911[20]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Tynte Agg-Gardner 4,043
Liberal Lewis Mathias 4,039
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election December 1910 [21]

Electorate 8,114

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Mathias 3,846
Liberal Unionist Viscount Duncannon 3,753
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing
General Election January 1910[22]

Electorate 8,114

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Vere Brabazon Ponsonby
Liberal Richard Mathias
Majority
Turnout
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

John Sears
General Election 1906[23]

Electorate 8,114

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Edward Sears 3,910 52.7 n/a
Conservative James Tynte Agg-Gardner 3,509 47.3 n/a
Majority 401 5.4 n/a
Turnout 91.4 n/a
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing n/a

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ http://www.conservatives.com/News/News_stories/2013/01/Alex_Chalk_selected.aspx
  5. ^ Acting Returning officer (7 May 2010). "Election Results - Cheltenham Borough Council". Electoral Services. Cheltenham Borough Council. Retrieved 14 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Doctor plans to fight West seat". BBC News. 15 April 2005. 
  7. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  9. ^ Cheltenham Chronicle, 25 Feb 1939
  10. ^ Cheltenham Chronicle, 20 Jan 1939
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  16. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  17. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  18. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  21. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  22. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  23. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)