Cheltenham Festival

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°55′13″N 2°3′28″W / 51.92028°N 2.05778°W / 51.92028; -2.05778

The Cheltenham Festival is a meeting in the National Hunt racing calendar in the United Kingdom, with race prize money second only to the Grand National.[1] It is an event where many of the best British- and Irish-trained horses race to an extent which is relatively rare during the rest of the season.

The festival takes place annually in March at Cheltenham Racecourse in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. The meeting usually coincides with Saint Patrick's Day, and is particularly popular with Irish visitors.[2]

Large amounts of money are gambled during Cheltenham Festival week, with hundreds of millions of pounds being bet over the four days. Cheltenham is often noted for its atmosphere, most notably the "Cheltenham roar", which refers to the enormous amount of noise that the crowd generates as the starter raises the tape for the first race of the festival.

History[edit]

The official title of the Cheltenham Festival is the National Hunt Meeting. This originated in 1860, when the National Hunt Chase was first held at Market Harborough and titled the Grand National Hunt, featuring the one race alongside other steeplechases. After taking place at a number of locations, including Cheltenham in 1861, the race returned to Cheltenham in 1904 and 1905. It was staged over a new course established at Prestbury Park in Cheltenham in 1902, although racing had taken place there previously. The National Hunt Meeting was held at Warwick from 1906 to 1910, but returned to Prestbury Park in 1911 and has remained there to this day. The earliest traceable reference to a "Festival" is in the Warwick Advertiser of 1907.[3]

The centrepiece Cheltenham Gold Cup, established in 1924, was the original Championship race staged at the Festival, with the Champion Hurdle being introduced in 1927, the Queen Mother Champion Chase in 1959, and finally the Stayers Hurdle, which was first run in 1972.

In 2001 the Festival was cancelled due to an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in Britain. The meeting had initially been postponed to April, but when a case of the disease was confirmed locally, putting the racecourse within an exclusion zone, all racing had to be called off.[4]

In 2008, the second day of the festival was cancelled due to heavy storms. The races scheduled for that day were instead run on the third and final days of the festival.[5]

Winners' enclosure at Cheltenham Racecourse.

Until 2005 the festival had traditionally been held over the course of three days, but this changed with the introduction of a fourth day, meaning there would be one championship race on each day, climaxing with the Gold Cup on the Friday. To ensure each days would still have six races, five new races were introduced. Two further races have since been added, bringing the total to 26 races overall, with grade one events including the Champion Bumper, Triumph Hurdle, Ryanair Chase, Supreme Novices' Hurdle, Neptune Investment Management Novices' Hurdle, Arkle Challenge Trophy, RSA Chase, Champion Hurdle, World Hurdle, Queen Mother Champion Chase and the feature race, the Gold Cup.

The festival also includes one of the two biggest Hunter Chases of the season, the Foxhunters', which is run on the Friday over the same course as the Gold Cup, and is sometimes referred to as the "amateurs' Gold Cup".

Unlike Royal Ascot and many other top flat racing events in Britain and Ireland, the Cheltenham Festival does not have a history of attracting many international contenders, though French-trained horses have done well - Baracouda being perhaps the most well-known, having landed the World Hurdle twice.

The 2010 Cheltenham Festival had the first ever running of the Ladies Charity Flat Race in aid of Cancer Research UK. The race was contested over 1 mile 5 furlongs, and all 12 amateur jockeys were female. The race was won in a photo-finish in front of a packed Cheltenham grandstand by Dublin-based Orna Madden riding Prince Picasso, finishing just ahead of fellow Irish rider Katie Doyle riding Devil To Pay, with Helen Needham riding on Mr. Wall Street in third.

230,000 racegoers and £250 million is expected to be wagered at the 2014 Cheltenham Festival.[6]

Criticisms[edit]

For several years there have been concerns about the number of equine injuries and fatalities. In 2006, 11 horses died and in response the racecourse decreased the number of runners in certain races and re-sited one of the more difficult fences.

On the opening day of the 2012 festival, three horses had to be euthanised after suffering bone fractures or breaks, including two during the Cross-Country Chase, becoming the second and third equine fatalities in that race since 2000.[7] There were two further equine fatalities during the festival, and some critics claimed races should not have gone ahead due to the firmness of the ground following exceptionally dry weather. The RSPCA suggested that guidelines be reviewed, while the British Horseracing Authority stated that "with over 90,000 runners a year [in British horse racing], some accidents and sadly some injuries are inevitable."[8]

Races[edit]

The number and type of races at the Cheltenham Festival has changed dramatically over the years of its existence. In particular, it has grown from a two-day meeting to a four-day meeting. In 2013, there were 27 races as follows:

Day Race Obstacles Distance Class Current Sponsor
Tuesday Supreme Novices' Hurdle Hurdles 2m 1/2f Grade 1 William Hill
Tuesday Arkle Challenge Trophy Fences 2m Grade 1 Racing Post
Tuesday Festival Trophy Handicap Chase Fences 3m 1/2f Grade 3 Baylis & Harding
Tuesday Champion Hurdle Hurdles 2m 1/2f Grade 1 Stan James
Tuesday David Nicholson Mares' Hurdle Hurdles 2m 4f Grade 1 OLBG.com
Tuesday National Hunt Chase Challenge Cup Fences 4m Ungraded -
Tuesday Centenary Novices' Handicap Chase Fences 2m 4 1/2f Listed Rewards4Racing
Wednesday Baring Bingham Novices' Hurdle Hurdles 2m 5f Grade 1 Neptune Investment Management
Wednesday RSA Chase Fences 3m 1/2f Grade 1 RSA Insurance Group
Wednesday Queen Mother Champion Chase Fences 2m Grade 1 Sportingbet.com
Wednesday Coral Cup Hurdles 2m 5f Grade 3 Coral
Wednesday Cross Country Handicap Chase[A] Cross Country 3m 7f Ungraded Glenfarclas
Wednesday Fred Winter Juvenile Novices' Handicap Hurdle Hurdles 2m 1/2f Grade 3 -
Wednesday Champion Bumper NHF 2m 1/2f Grade 1 Weatherbys
Thursday JLT Novices' Chase Fences 2m 4f Grade 2 Jardine Lloyd Thompson Group
Thursday Pertemps Final Hurdles 3m Listed Pertemps
Thursday Ryanair Chase Fences 2m 5f Grade 1 Ryanair
Thursday World Hurdle Hurdles 3m Grade 1 Ladbrokes
Thursday Byrne Group Plate Fences 2m 5f Grade 3 Byrne Group
Thursday Fulke Walwyn Kim Muir Challenge Cup Fences 3m 1 1/2f Ungraded -
Friday Triumph Hurdle Hurdles 2m 1f Grade 1 JCB
Friday Vincent O'Brien County Handicap Hurdle Hurdles 2m 1f Grade 3 -
Friday Spa Novices' Hurdle Hurdles 3m Grade 1 Albert Bartlett
Friday Cheltenham Gold Cup Fences 3m 2 1/2f Grade 1 Betfred
Friday Foxhunter Chase Fences 3m 2 1/2f Ungraded Country Gentleman's Association
Friday Martin Pipe Conditional Jockeys' Handicap Hurdle Hurdles 2m 4 1/2f Ungraded -
Friday Johnny Henderson Grand Annual Chase Fences 2m 1/2f Grade 3 -
A In 2013, the Cross Country race was scheduled for Tuesday but run on Thursday

Top jockeys[edit]

The top jockey for the festival is the jockey who wins the most races over the four days. The winners since 1980, with wins in brackets, are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Going is good for Cheltenham". BBC Sport. 17 March 1998. Retrieved 10 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "Cheltenham festival gets underway this afternoon". The Belfast Telegraph. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2009. 
  3. ^ Stevens, Peter, History of the National Hunt Chase 1860-2010. ISBN 978-0-9567250-0-4
  4. ^ "Cheltenham Festival called off". BBC Sport. 1 April 2001. Retrieved 10 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "Cheltenham Festival". BBC Sport. 12 March 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2009. 
  6. ^ "Cheltenham Festival: Hurricane Fly heads Champion Hurdle field". BBC Sport. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  7. ^ 19:53 GMT (2012-03-14). "BBC Sport - Cheltenham Festival: Two more horses die on second day". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  8. ^ Faulkner, Katherine (16 March 2012). "RSPCA fury at carnage of Cheltenham horses as five die in bloodiest opening to festival for six years". Daily Mail (London). 

External links[edit]