Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania
|Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania|
|Home Rule Municipality
First Class Township
|Motto: "Salubritas et Eruditio"
(English: Health and Education)
|Country||United States of America|
|County|| Philadelphia (1682-1784)
|Elevation||157 ft (47.9 m)|
|Area||9.0 sq mi (23.3 km2)|
|- land||9.0 sq mi (23 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||4,083.1 / sq mi (1,576.5 / km2)|
First Class Township
Home Rule Municipality
|March 22, 1682
|Timezone||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|- summer (DST)||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|Postal code||19012, 19027, 19038, 19095|
|Sister city||Cheltenham, United Kingdom|
Daniel B. Norris
Charles D. McKeown, Sr.
Morton J. Simon, Jr.
Kathy A. Hampton
J. Andrew Sharkey
|Neighboring Municipalities||City of Philadelphia
Borough of Jenkintown
Cheltenham Township is a home rule municipality bordering North Philadelphia in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States. Although it retains the word "Township" in its official name, it has been governed by a home rule charter since 1977 and is therefore not subject to the Pennsylvania Township Code. The population was 36,793 at the 2010 U.S. Census, making it the third most populous township in Montgomery County and the 27th most populous municipality in Pennsylvania. With over 4,000 people per square mile, Cheltenham is the most densely populated Township in Montgomery County. Originally part of Philadelphia County, Cheltenham is often noted as "Philadelphia's first suburb".
As one of the oldest communities in Pennsylvania, Cheltenham Township is rich in history. It is home to the oldest house of continuous residency in Pennsylvania, Wall House. It was home to the state's only training ground for Black troops during the Civil War, Camp William Penn. Cheltenham also served as a major stop on the Underground Railroad. The early development of Old York Road and the railroad connected Cheltenham with the rest of the Philadelphia area. Cheltenham also served as the home of some of the wealthiest people in the history of the United States, most notably, John Wanamaker, Peter Widener, William Lukens Elkins, John B. Stetson, Henry W. Breyer, Jr., Cyrus H.K. Curtis, George Horace Lorimer, among others.
Cheltenham has been honored with many distinctions over its long history. It was named a Preserve America community, a US Government program established to preserve historic communities throughout the United States. It is also a Tree City USA member, a program dedicated to forestry management. Most recently in 2013, Cheltenham was named a "Classic Town of Greater Philadelphia," for being "one of the most diverse, unique, and livable communities in our region" and "truly at the center of it all."
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Locale
- 5 Weather
- 6 Politics and government
- 7 Education
- 8 Libraries
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Miscellaneous
- 12 Fire services
- 13 Other Cheltenhams
- 14 Points of interest
- 15 References
- 16 External links
The La Mott section of the township was the site of Camp William Penn, the training grounds of the first African-American troops ever enlisted into the United States Army during the American Civil War. These soldiers were at General Lee's surrender, helped hunt down John Wilkes Booth and were the only African-American soldiers to carry President Lincoln's casket.
The following is the list of the 15 original founders of Cheltenham Township
|Name||Land Size||Date given|
|John West||200 acres||June 29, 1682|
|Nehemiah Mitchell||210 acres||July 1, 1682|
|John Day||210 acres||August 5, 1682|
|William Brown||500 acres||September 10, 1683|
|Everard Bolton||100 acres||September 10, 1683|
|John Ashmead||250 acres||September 10, 1683|
|Tobias Leech||150 acres
|September 10, 1683
September 10, 1683
|Richard Wall Sr.||100 acres
|May 2, 1683
September 10, 1683
|Richard Wall Jr.||100 acres||September 10, 1683|
|Patrick Robinson||200 acres||November 5, 1683|
|John Russell||300 acres||November 5, 1683|
|William Frampton||500 acres||January 13, 1683|
|Mary Jefferson||300 acres||January 13, 1683|
|Thomas Phillips||300 acres||June 13, 1683|
|Humphrey Morrey||250 acres||May 23, 1683|
|Total acreage||4070 acres|
The USCT (United States Colored Troops) 3rd Regiment were the first to be trained at Camp William Penn. It is tradition that soldiers have a grand parade before leaving for war, but Philadelphia was partially a racist community at that time and the government believed that a parade might cause a riot, so it was cancelled. The leader of the Camp (Colonel Louis Wagner) was furious and made sure the next regiment to come through would have a parade.
Cheltenham became a township of the first class in 1900. In 1976, it passed a home rule charter that took effect in 1977.
There are many books about Cheltenham Township's prestigious history.
- A History of Cheltenham Township by Elaine Rothschild
- Images of America Cheltenham Township by Old York Road Historical Society
- Remembering Cheltenham Township by Donald Scott Sr.
- Making Marathon: A History of Early Wyncote by Thomas J. Wieckowski
The seal of Cheltenham was adopted from the seal of the namesake and sister city, Cheltenham, England. It appears on all formal documents, resolutions, proclamations, and all legal records or documents. The pigeon on top of a blue sphere represents the founding of the fountain spa which made Cheltenham famous. They are placed above a wreath of Oak leaves. The two books represent Education, in particular, the Pates Grammar School and the Cheltenham College. The silver cross in the middle represents religion. The two pigeons represent the flock that would gather at the spas. Finally, the Oak tree represents the many Oak trees that line the streets of Cheltenham and promenades.
Cheltenham is a residential township in Montgomery County, southeastern Pennsylvania. It is one of six municipalities in Montgomery County that borders Philadelphia and is 7 miles northeast of the Center City. It also borders Abington Township on the north side and Springfield Township on the west side.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23 km2). The area consists of rolling hills and also has a few streams running through it, most notably the Tookany Creek. The highest elevation is 411 feet, at the intersection of Sunset and Lindley Roads. The lowest elevation is 63 feet, in the southeastern most part of the township where Tookany Creek flows into Philadelphia. It includes the census-designated places of Cheltenham, Elkins Park, Wyncote, Glenside, Melrose Park, La Mott and Laverock, Edge Hill, and Cedarbrook, all of which form a border with the City of Philadelphia along Cheltenham Avenue.
As of the 2010 census, Cheltenham Township was 57.4% White, 31.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 7.7% Asian, and 2.5% were two or more races. 3.9% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.
As of the census of 2000, there were 36,875 people, 14,346 households, and 9,640 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,083.1 people per square mile (1,576.7/km²). There were 14,897 housing units at an average density of 1,649.5 per square mile (637.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 66.45% White, 24.61% African American, 0.12% Native American, 6.44% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.99% of the population.
30.4% of the townships households have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% are headed by married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.
The age distribution was 22.8% under 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $61,713, and the median income for a family was $76,792. Males had a median income of $50,564 versus $36,439 for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,424. About 3.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Cheltenham is located on the borderline of the Humid subtropical climate and Humid continental climate zones. As with most Northeast townships, Cheltenham has four distinct seasons. Summers are warm and have occasional heat waves. Autumn is cool and comfortable. Winters are cold, most days hovering around the freezing mark with nights dipping to the teens. Spring is pleasant with often not too much precipitation.
|Climate data for Cheltenham Township|
|Average high °F (°C)||35
|Average low °F (°C)||19
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.44
|Source: The Weather Channel|
Politics and government
|2008||19.3% 4,043||80.0% 16,728|
|2004||22.7% 4,690||77.0% 15,866|
|2000||22.0% 4,106||76.0% 14,169|
|1996||23.2% 4,040||70.1% 12,190|
|1992||24.3% 4,723||65.0% 12,624|
Cheltenham Township does not have a mayor. Rather it is governed by a Board of Commissioners, who are elected one from each of the township's seven wards. A President of the Board is rotated between these commissioners, and serves as the head of government. Art Haywood is the current Board President. A school board, led by Tina Viletto, is in charge of the school district.
The township is in the Thirteenth Congressional District (represented by Rep. Allyson Schwartz), and Pennsylvania's 154th Representative District (represented by Rep. Lawrence Curry). Prior to the 2010 census, it was in the 2nd congressional district with most of West Philadelphia. It is also in Pennsylvania's 4th Senatorial District
The following is a table of the current commissioners of Cheltenham Township along with their Wards and the areas of the Township they serve.
|J. Andrew Sharkey||1||Glenside and Edgehill|
|Art Haywood||2||Laverock, Cedarbrook, west Wyncote and Curtis Hills|
|Harvey Portner||3||La Mott, west Elkins Park and Wyncote|
|Kathy A. Hampton||4||Lynnewood Gardens, north Wyncote, west Elkins Park and east Glenside|
|Daniel B. Norris||5||Melrose Park|
|Morton J. Simon, Jr.||6||Elkins Park|
|Charles D. McKeown, Sr.||7||Cheltenham Village, Rowland Park and Oak Lane Manor|
The Cheltenham Township School District serves the township. There are seven public schools and a number of private schools. Public schools include Cheltenham Elementary School (k-4), Myers Elementary School (k-4), Glenside Elementary School (k-4), Wyncote Elementary School (k-4), Elkins Park School (5-6), Cedarbrook Middle School (7-8), and Cheltenham High School (9-12).
The section of Elkins Park in Cheltenham is the former home of Tyler School of Art, a conceptual fine-arts school that is part of Temple University. Cheltenham is also home to Arcadia University (formerly known as Beaver College), Salus University (formerly known as The Pennsylvania College of Optometry), Westminster Theological Seminary, Gratz College and Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, the only seminary affiliated with Reconstructionist Judaism.
Cheltenham Township has four libraries which are the East Cheltenham Free Library, Elkins Park Free Library, La Mott Free Library, and the Glenside Free library.
Three SEPTA Regional Rail line stations are located wholly within the township. The stations carry the names of the neighborhoods in which they are located: Elkins Park, Glenside, and Melrose Park. Two additional stations, (Jenkintown-Wyncote and Cheltenham), straddle the township's border.
Beginning on January 31, 2005, Cheltenham Township partnered with Abington Township to launch a shared transit service. The Cheltenham Transit Service operates on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays according to the same route and timetable as the current schedule. A new bus is used for the service since Laidlaw Transit Service is the new contractor. All other policies and procedures will remain the same. The bus runs in Abington Township on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays.
The addition of Saturday to the Cheltenham Transit Service schedule offers riders new flexibility in their weekend travels. Although the change will result in a net reduction in service, Township officials consider this option preferable to eliminating the transit bus altogether.
There are several major roads in Cheltenham Township. Cheltenham Avenue is a major roadway and is an easy access point to many of the other roadways like Pennsylvania Route 611 and Pennsylvania Route 309. It is also the border between Cheltenham Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania and the City of Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. Cheltenham Avenue ends on the westside at Paper Mill Road in Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania which is part of Springfield Township. Pennsylvania Route 73 is one of the major roadways in Cheltenham Township, known as 'Church Road' and 'Township Line Road' because it is the border line between Cheltenham and Abington Townships. Pennsylvania Route 309 starts in Cheltenham Township and serves as a major highway. It goes through many townships and ends up in PA 29 in Noxen Township. Pennsylvania Route 152 starts in Cheltenham Township and is known as 'Limekiln Pike.' It ends on the north end of Pennsylvania Route 309 in Telford, PA. Pennsylvania Route 611 starts in Philadelphia and runs through Cheltenham Township as Old York Road. It is the main access road to Willow Grove in Abington and Upper Moreland Townships.
- Candace Allen Miss District of Columbia USA 2006
- Eddie Applegate Actor
- Brandon Bing Professional Football Player for the New York Giants
- Michael Brecker (saxophonist)
- Randy Brecker (jazz, rock, and R&B trumpeter)
- Michael Stuart Brown (American physician, geneticist, and Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine)
- Jim Callahan, Football player, writer, and member of the Temple University Hall of Fame
- George Castle Son of J.R. Castle, professional lacrosse player for the Philadelphia Wings
- J.R. Castle Former lacrosse player
- Laurie Colwin Author and Columnist
- Chris Conlin (All-American football player at Penn State)
- Jay Cooke (financier - had his 'country estate' in Chelten Hills)
- Bill Cosby (comedian)
- Rebecca Creskoff (American actress)
- Cyrus H.K. Curtis (founder of the Curtis Publishing Company, which published The Saturday Evening Post and Ladies Home Journal)
- Fitz Eugene Dixon, Jr. - son of banker Fitz Eugene Dixon, Sr. and Eleanor Widener (member of the Widener family.)
- Tony Donatelli soccer player for VSI Tampa Bay FC
- William Lukens Elkins - prominent role in history of the Pennsylvania Railroad, SEPTA and several other railroads.
- Josh Fattal, American hiker detained in Iran from 2009–2011
- Tom Feeney Member of Congress, R-FL
- Douglas Feith former Under-Secretary of Defense
- Stuart F. Feldman Co-founder of Vietnam Veterans of America.
- Marian Filar Polish-born American-based concert pianist and virtuoso
- Glenn A. Fine Inspector General, United States Department of Justice
- Wilmot E. Fleming State Senator
- Jon D. Fox U.S. Congressman
- Laura Harper Professional Basketball Player
- Marvin Harrison NFL wide receiver
- Trina Schart Hyman Artist & Illustrator
- Bill Hyndman Amateur golfer
- Reggie Jackson (Hall of Fame baseball player, Actor - grew up in township)
- Mark Levin Conservative Talk Radio Host & Attorney
- Richard Levinson Emmy Award-Winning Writer & Producer
- Chad Levitt (b. 1975) American NFL football player
- Franz Lidz Journalist whose memoir, Unstrung Heroes, became a 1995 feature film directed by Diane Keaton
- William Link Emmy Award-Winning Writer & Producer
- Craig Littlepage College Administrator & Educator
- Jeff Lorber Musician
- George Horace Lorimer (longtime editor of The Saturday Evening Post)
- Bernie Lowe founder of Cameo Records
- Mary Ellen Mark (photographer)
- John Charles Martin Newspaper publisher
- Edgar Lee Masters (Lawyer and author of the Spoon River Anthology – spent final years and died in Elkins Park.)
- Humphrey Morrey founder of Cheltenham, first Mayor of Philadelphia
- Lucretia Coffin Mott (prominent feminist, abolitionist, and Quaker)
- Robert J. Myers Co-creator of United States Social Security program
- Benjamin Netanyahu (Currently serving his second term as Israeli prime minister - lived in township during high school)
- Yonatan Netanyahu (Israeli war hero who died saving Jewish hostages in Operation Entebbe)
- Ron Perelman businessman, 26th richest American 
- Bob Perkins radio host at WRTI
- Ezra Pound (poet - grew up in township)
- Jesse Purnell Professional baseball player for the Philadelphia Phillies
- Brad Raider Actor
- Ralph J. Roberts Co-Founder of Comcast, father of current Comcast CEO, Brian L. Roberts
- David Saxon Physicist, Educator & Administrator
- Roger Scott Musician & Educator
- Ronald M. Shapiro, Notable Sports Agent, Corporate Attorney, New York Times Best Selling Author
- Robert C. Solomon PhD, Author & Educator
- Jeffrey Solow American virtuoso cellist
- Wallace Triplett Professional Football Player
- David Uosikkinen (drummer for rock band The Hooters)
- Kate Vrijmoet Artist
- John Wanamaker (businessman sometimes called the father of the department store - had a second home in the township)
- Richard Ward Actor
- Paul Westhead (NBA championship-winning coach, taught English at Cheltenham High School in 1960s)
- Thomas Wharton, Jr. first Governor of Pennsylvania
- George Dunton Widener a Philadelphia businessman who died in the sinking of the Titanic
- George Dunton Widener, Jr. Businessman, thoroughbread horse racer
- Gertrude Widener Thoroughbread racehorse owner, and breeder
- Harry Elkins Widener Businessman who died on RMS Titanic, Harvard University's Widener Memorial Library built in his honor
- Joseph E. Widener Businessman, founding benefactor of National Gallery of Art
- Peter A.B. Widener head of the prominent Widener family
- Chris Williams Professional Soccer Player for Miami FC
- George Wilson Hall of Fame collegiate football player
- Cheltenham has its own Public-access television cable TV channel, Channel 42 (Cheltenham School District Broadcasting) on Comcast Cablevision.
- The Fox sitcom "'Til Death" is set in Cheltenham.
- The movie "The In Crowd" was filmed partly at Cheltenham High School.
The Cheltenham Township Fire Department consists of 5 all volunteer fire companies.
- Glenside Fire Company
- La Mott Fire Company
- Elkins Park Fire Company
- Cheltenham Hook & Ladder Company
- Ogontz Fire Company
- Cheltenham, England (Official Twin and Namesake)
- Cheltenham, St. Louis, Missouri, United States
- Cheltenham, Ontario, Canada
- Cheltenham, Auckland, New Zealand
- Cheltenham, New South Wales, Australia
- Cheltenham, Victoria, Australia
Points of interest
National Historic Landmarks
National Register of Historic Places
- Curtis Hall Arboretum
- Richard Wall House
- St. Paul's Episcopal Church
- Rowland House
- Elkins Railroad Station
- Glenside Memorial Hall
- George K. Heller School
- Henry West Breyer Sr. House
U.S. Historic Districts
Pennsylvania Historic Site
Other Points of Interest
- "Pennsylvania Code". Pacode.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Philadelphia's first suburb". Historic-lamott-pa.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Preserve America". Preserveamerica.gov. 2009-03-16. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Classic Towns". Classic Towns. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Jones, Arthur Hosking. Cheltenham Township. A Sociological Analysis of a Residential Suburb. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 1940. 173 pages.
- Anonymous. "A Brief History of Cheltenham Township". Accessed January 7, 2006.
- "Founders of Cheltenham". Historic-lamott-pa.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "History of Township Seal". Cheltenhamtownship.org. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- [dead link]
- "Census 2010: Pennsylvania". Usatoday.Com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Average Weather for Elkins Park, PA - Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Naedele, Walter F. "Stuart F. Feldman, prime Constitution Center supporter"The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 17, 2010. Accessed July 22, 2010.
- "Ron Perelman". Philly.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Cheltenham Twinning Association". Cheltenhamtwinning.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Cheltenham Town Council: Other Cheltenhams". Cheltenham.gov.uk. 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- [dead link]
- "Cheltenham Township Twinning". Cheltenhamtownship.org. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Cheltenham Township
- School District of Cheltenham Township
- Art: Xanthus Russell Smith (1839-1929) Mather's Cottage, at Cheltenham (Montgomery County), 1880
- Cheltenham Township Fire Department
- Lynnewood Hall
- The Elkins Estate
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