Chembur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chembur
suburb
Chembur Market
Chembur Market
Chembur is located in Mumbai
Chembur
Chembur
Coordinates: 19°03′31″N 72°53′59″E / 19.058711°N 72.899694°E / 19.058711; 72.899694Coordinates: 19°03′31″N 72°53′59″E / 19.058711°N 72.899694°E / 19.058711; 72.899694
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Mumbai Suburban
Metro Mumbai
Zone 5
Ward M
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 400 071
Lok Sabha constituency Mumbai South Central
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chembur

Chembur is a suburb in eastern Mumbai, India. It is 22 km from downtown Mumbai and 20 km from Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.

Etymology[edit]

The name Chembur is probably derived from the word “Chimboree” which means "Large Crab" in Marathi.

History[edit]

Before reclamation, Chembur lay on the North-Western corner of Trombay Island. It is suggested that Chembur is the same place referred to as Saimur by the Arab writers (915–1137), Sibor in Cosmas Indicopleustes (535), Chemula in the Kanheri cave inscriptions (300–500), Symulla by the author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (247), Symulla or Timulla by Ptolemy (150), and perhaps even Perimula by Pliny (A.D. 77).[1] This is however disputed and is also said to be a reference to Chevul at the mouth of the Kundalika River on mainland Maharashtra. Later the area occupied is said to have occupied a branch of an animal home. The home had on an average from 800 to 1000 animals a year - cows, bullocks, buffaloes, horses, ponies, donkeys, deer, goats, pigs, dogs, monkeys, cats and hares; and of birds, parrots, fowls, geese, duck, pigeons, crows and peacocks.[1]

1893 map showing Chembur in the North-West of Trombay Island

The Bombay Presidency Golf Club was established in 1827 and was later re-built to meet international standards.[2] No further activity was seen until the Kurla-Chembur single railway line was built in 1906 for garbage trains. This railway line was opened to passenger traffic in the year 1924.[3] After construction activity in the 1920s, Chembur was finally opened up in the 1930s. It was made part of Greater Bombay in 1945.[4]

After independence, Chembur was one of the sites where refugee camps were set up to settle refugees after partition.[5] The industrialisation of Trombay during and after the war led to the demand for housing and the growth of Chembur thereafter.[6] The increased industrial activity around Chembur as well as garbage incinerators in proximity also raised the level of air pollution in the neighbourhood, earning it the nickname of "Gas Chamber of Mumbai".[7][8]

The construction by the Bombay Housing Board in Station Colony (Subhash Nagar), the Shell Colony (Sahakar Nagar), and the Township Colony (Tilak Nagar) in 1955–58 transformed the area completely by shifting it from an industrial suburb to a residential one.[9]

Administration[edit]

Chembur lies in the Mumbai South Central parliamentary constituency. It used to lie in Mumbai North-East Parliamentary constituency prior to delimitation in 2008. After delimitation, it has been moved to Mumbai South Central parliamentary Constituency.[10] The Current sitting Member of Parliament of Mumbai South Central is Eknath Gaikwad (INC).[11]

Current sitting Member of Legislative Assembly are Mr. Chandrakant Handore and Mr. Nawab Malik. Chembur is also the seat of the M Ward Offices. The M Ward ranges from Thane Creek in East to Tansa Pipe Line No. 2 in West, from Somaiyya Nalla in North to Mahul Creek in South.[12][13] Chembur lies in ward numbers 141 to 149 with Councillors for each representing it in the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation.[14]

Geography[edit]

Chembur is surrounded by neighbouring suburbs of Kurla, Deonar, Mahul, Govandi, Chunabhatti and Ghatkopar. Marine alluvium type of soil is observed in Chembur. It has North-South running basalt hills to its South.[15] The different colonies in Chembur are Pestom Sagar, Tilak Nagar, RCF Colony, BPCL, HPCL, Tata Colony, Chedda Nagar,Indian Oil Nagar on Mankhurd Link Road(End Of North west Chembur), Shell Colony etc.

Transportation[edit]

Autorickshaws, taxis and BEST buses and trains are the public modes of transport available in Chembur. The monorail line and metro will also pass through Chembur when operational.It will be operational soon as tracks and stations are already constructed.

Dayanand Saraswati Marg, V N Purav Marg, R C Marg, Station Avenue Road while the Eastern Express Highway and Sion Panvel Highway are some of the arterial roads of Chembur. It is an important road transit point for people traveling to Pune using the Mumbai-Pune Highway or the Mumbai-Pune Expressway.

Chembur and Tilak Nagar Harbour Line railway stations lie in Chembur. The Lokmanya Tilak Terminus for long distance trains is also located here.

The newly opened eastern expressway (2013) provides access through 13 km long elevated flyover to South Mumbai. When completed this 17 km long road would allow traffic from South Mumbai to bypass the busy intersections in Chembur.

Economy[edit]

Chembur is home to several industries and also has several retail outlets.

The Chembur Market area close to the Chembur railway station offers a variety of goods and services to the people of Chembur ranging from clothing to foods and vegetables. In addition it has several retail and factory outlets, multi-product stores and a shopping mall. Chembur offers a large variety of food ranging from street food to high end restaurants.

Recreation[edit]

Chembur has several open public spaces like Gandhi Maidan,[16] Annabhau Sathe Garden, Diamond Garden,[17] Ambedkar Udyan, Sandu Garden, Tilak Nagar grounds (Sahyadri & Municipal Ground) and Jawahar Grounds where people meet up and conduct sports events and activities. These are also sites of recreational activity in the morning.

Bombay Presidency Golf Club at Dr Choitram Gidwani Road in Chembur (East) is one of the most prominent golf clubs in Mumbai, which also provides the biggest green cover for this neighbourhood. Chembur has various recreational clubs along with several Gymkhanas. Chembur also has several fitness centres and gyms, Municipal Swimming Pools, libraries etc. Some grounds have also added jogging tracks around them for people to exercise.

Environmental Problems[edit]

Chembur has been facing pollution problems and was recently ranked 46th in a list of the most polluted industrial clusters in India.[18] Studies in Chembur has also found high levels of Copper, Chromium, Calcium, Arsenic and Mercury in ground water.[15] Effluents from oil refineries, fertilizer plants and reactors located in Chembur are also said to have polluted sea water in Thane Creek and affected marine life.[15] The main problem is the uncontrolled release of ammonia and nitrous oxides from the Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilisers (RCF) complex. Although ammonia is easy to scrub, the problem seems to be due to improper operation of pollution control equipment and/or operation of the urea/ammonia complex way beyond the design capacity without augmentation of pollution control equipment. Measurement of ammonia /nox levels is the best way to establish this by constant ambient air analysis.

The Deonar dumping ground in Deonar has caused health issues for the residents of Chembur.[19] In 2008, around 40 residents of Chembur went on a hunger strike to protest against the frequent fires and smoke.[20] Again in 2012, the residents complained to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation on the smoke coming out of the dumping ground, which has been affecting asthma patients.[21]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  2. ^ Times of India - Chembur Ghatkopar Plus - http://chemburghatkoparplus.mumbaimirror.com/index.aspx?Page=article&comments=true&sectname=Entertainment&sectid=10&contentid=2007101320071012141919203eb32847e - Retrieved on December 3, 2010
  3. ^ "History of Railways in India - Part 3". IRFCA. Retrieved May 15, 2010. 
  4. ^ TIFR Mumbai pages - http://theory.tifr.res.in/bombay/physical/geo/ghatkopar.html - Retrieved on December 5, 2010
  5. ^ Indian Express - http://www.indianexpress.com/ie/daily/19980926/26950934.html - Retrieved on December 3, 2010
  6. ^ TIFR Mumbai Pages - http://theory.tifr.res.in/bombay/physical/geo/mankhurd.html
  7. ^ "Sorry". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "Disaster is around the corner for Mumbai". DNA India. 26 December 2006. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "History of Chembur". 
  10. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order - 2008". 
  11. ^ "Sitting Members of the Lok Sabha". 
  12. ^ "M West limits". 
  13. ^ "M East limits(includes Mankhurd and Govandi - excluded here)". 
  14. ^ "MCGM Councillors list". 
  15. ^ a b c Central Ground Water Board Report - Ground Water Information 2009 - http://cgwb.gov.in/District_Profile/Maharashtra/Greater%20Mumbai.pdf - Accessed on January 20, 2011
  16. ^ S Balakrishnan, Times News Network (13 November 2008). "PM to kickstart monorail project from Gandhi Maidan". The Times of India (Mumbai). Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  17. ^ Davane, Mrugaya (16 June 2006). "Chembur will always be our home". MiD DAY (Mumbai). Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  18. ^ Gyan Varma (December 25, 2009) "43 Industrial Clusters imperiled in India", Daily News and Analysis. Accessed on January 25, 2011
  19. ^ "45% of Deonar dumping ground to be cleared by May". DNA India. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  20. ^ "Residents protest fire at Deonar dumping ground". The Indian Express. 25 March 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  21. ^ Times News Network (18 May 2012). "Chembur residents fume over smoke from Deonar dumping ground". The Times of India (Mumbai). Retrieved 18 May 2012. 

External links[edit]