Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof

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Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof
Karl-Marx-Stadt Hbf (1953-1990)
Trains in the track hall
Operations
Category 2
Type Bf
DS100 code DC
Station code 1040
Construction and location
Opened 1852
Location Chemnitz
State Saxony
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
50°50′25″N 12°55′50″E / 50.840156°N 12.930594°E / 50.840156; 12.930594Coordinates: 50°50′25″N 12°55′50″E / 50.840156°N 12.930594°E / 50.840156; 12.930594
Route information
List of railway stations in Saxony

Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in Chemnitz in Germany.

Station building[edit]

Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof in 2008

The station has a combination of terminating and through platforms. Platform tracks 5 to 9 terminate and tracks 1 to 4 and 10 to 14 continue to the west of Chemnitz towards Zwickau, Nuremberg and Göttingen. Tracks 11 to 14 are reached by a passenger subway. The subway also passes under tracks 15 and 16, which have no platforms. The platforms are also accessible by lift. From 15 December 2002 until 17 February 2013,[1] "Chemnitz model" tram-trains of the City-Bahn Chemnitz operated from platform 102 (a tram track) in the station forecourt. The tram-train services now use platforms 1 to 4.

Bus lines 23 (Heinersdorf–Neefepark) and 32 (Dresdner Str–Rabenstein, Tierpark), tram lines 2 (Hauptbahnhof–Bernsdorf) and 6 (Hauptbahnhof–Altchemnitz) and the City-Bahn line to Stollberg connect the Hauptbahnhof to the central tram station in central Chemnitz. Near the Hauptbahnhof is the bus station. From here buses connect the city to its outskirts. Some of these lines also stop at the Hauptbahnhof

History[edit]

The original Chemnitz station in 1854
Entrance foyer in 1873
Platforms in 1976
Entrance foyer in 2008
Platforms in 2008

In 1836, the Erzgebirge Railway Company (Erzgebirgische Eisenbahngesellschaft) was founded in Chemnitz to build a railway line from Riesa to Zwickau, but the line was not completed to Chemnitz until 1852. The Riesa–Chemnitz line was opened on 1 September 1852 by King Friedrich August II. This linked Chemnitz to the first German long distance railway between Leipzig and Dresden.

An ever growing rail network allows the station to grow[edit]

On 15 November 1858 with the opening of the extension of the line to Zwickau, the Nikolaibahnhof ("Nikolai station", now Chemnitz-Mitte station) was opened as the second station in Chemnitz and the original station was renamed Centralbahnhof (Central Station). The extension of the line made it necessary to extend the station’s facilities.

Between 1858 and 1866 the first freight facilities were developed. After further lines were opened (in 1866 to Annaberg, in 1869 to Dresden and to Hainichen and in 1872 to Leipzig and to Limbach), the station had to be extended again. In 1869 construction of increased capacity for passenger services began. The main hall of the station was completed by the architect Engelhardt in 1872. More lines opened, to Aue in 1875, to Marienberg and Reitzenhain in 1875, to Stollberg in 1895 and to Wechselburg and Rochlitz in 1902.

In 1880 the coal and freight yard was opened at Kappel and in 1908 another station in the city was added as Chemnitz Süd. In 1910 construction began on a concourse, although the station building remained unchanged outwardly from the 1872 station. Chemnitz station had about 80,000 passengers a day in 1930, almost as many as Leipzig Hauptbahnhof.

After the Second World War[edit]

During the bombardment of the city on 5 March 1945 the station hall was severely damaged and was later demolished. In addition, waiting rooms and offices were burned after a plane was shot down and fell on the building. From 1974 VEB Stahlbau Dessau began construction of the existing platform hall, which was completed in 1975. The Dresden–Chemnitz–Zwickau main line ran on the western side of the station’s through tracks, as it had before the Second World War. In the winter 1974/1975 timetable nearly 300 daily passenger trains arrived or departed at the station.

Between 1976 and 1993, the station (then called Karl-Marx-Stadt Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof) was part of the Stadt- und Vorortbahnverkehr ("urban and suburban rail transport system"), an S-Bahn-like system for the urban agglomeration, running on the line between Flöha and Hohenstein-Ernstthal.

Development to the regional train station[edit]

Chemnitz has had at times national connections, in addition to its significance as a regional transport hub. A Städteexpress ("city express") ran to Berlin during the Communist period. After the fall, Interregio services ran via Berlin to Rostock (some ran to Magdeburg, Stralsund, Binz or Barth), to Oberstdorf (via Nuremberg and Munich), to Karlsruhe (via Stuttgart) and to Aachen (via Düsseldorf). An Intercity-Express service ran to Cologne using ICE TD diesel tilting trains. Most recently Intercity (IC) services ran on the Dresden–Chemnitz–Nuremberg route. Sections of off-peak IC trains ran to and from Cologne and Hamburg, continuing to Flensburg.

Since 2006, Chemnitz has not been served by Deutsche Bahn long-distance trains, only by regional trains. The metropolitan area of Chemnitz-Zwickau (1.2 million inhabitants) is now the largest region in Germany with no Deutsche Bahn long-distance train services.

Vogtlandbahn has operated the Vogtland-Express since 2005 (except between 15 February 2009 and 8 April 2009) between Plauen and Berlin.

Recent developments[edit]

With the formation of the Middle Saxony Transport Association (Verkehrsverbund Mittelsachsen) with Chemnitz as its central hub, Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof has taken on new functions. Work at the station from 2003 to 2005 improved the interface between trams, buses and the station. Further construction is under way to adapt the station for tram-trains.

Train services[edit]

The station is connected to the following lines:

Regional services[edit]

The following services currently call at the station:[2]

Line Line name Route Frequency Vehicles Operator
RE 3 Mittelsachsen-Vogtland-Express Dresden – Tharandt – Freiberg – Flöha – ChemnitzGlauchauZwickauReichenbachPlauenHof 120 min Class 143 with double-decker carriages DB Regio Südost
RE 6 CLEX – Chemnitz-Leipzig-Express ChemnitzBurgstädtNarsdorfGeithainBad LausickLeipzig 60 min Class 612 DB Regio Südost
RE 9 Franken-Sachsen-Express Dresden – Tharandt − Freiberg – ChemnitzHohenstein-Ernstthal – Glauchau – Zwickau – Reichenbach – Plauen – Hof – MarktredwitzNuremberg 120 min Class 612 DB Regio Südost
RE 28 Fichtelberg-Express Leipzig – Bad Lausick – Geithain – Narsdorf – Burgstädt – Chemnitz – Flöha – Erdmannsdorf-AugustusburgAnnaberg-Buchholz – Cranzahl – Vejprty daily Class 642 DB Regio; Erzgebirgsbahn
RB 30 Dresden – Tharandt – Edle Krone – Freiberg – Oederan – Flöha – NiederwiesaChemnitz – Wüstenbrand – Hohenstein-Ernstthal – Glauchau – Zwickau 60 min Class 143 with double-decker carriages DB Regio Südost
RB 45 Chemnitz – Mittweida – Waldheim – Döbeln – Riesa (– Elsterwerda) 60 min Class 143 with double-decker carriages DB Regio Südost
RB 80 Zschopau Valley Railway Chemnitz – Flöha – Erdmannsdorf-Augustusburg – Hennersdorf – WolkensteinAnnaberg-Buchholz – Cranzahl – Bärenstein – Vejprty 60 min BR 642 Erzgebirgsbahn
RB 81 Flöha Valley Railway Chemnitz – Flöha – Falkenau – Pockau-LengefeldOlbernhau/Marienberg 60 min Class 642 Erzgebirgsbahn
RB 89 Zwönitz Valley Railway ChemnitzThalheimZwönitzAue 60 min Class 642 Erzgebirgsbahn
CB 516 Striegis Valley Railway Chemnitz – Niederwiesa – FrankenbergHainichen 60 min BR 650 City-Bahn Chemnitz
CB 522 Würschnitz Valley Railway Chemnitz – Chemnitz Zentralhaltestelle – Neukirchen-Klaffenbach – Stollberg 30 min Variotram City-Bahn Chemnitz
CB 525 ChemnitzBurgstädt 60 min Class 650 City-Bahn Chemnitz
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
toward Hof Hbf
RE 3
Franken-Sachsen-Express
toward Dresden Hbf
toward Leipzig Hbf
RE 6 Terminus
RE 9
Franken-Sachsen-Express
toward Dresden Hbf
Terminus RE 28
toward Chomutov
toward Zwickau Hbf
RB 30
toward Dresden Hbf
toward Elsterwerda
RB 45 Terminus
Terminus RB 80
toward Vejprty
Terminus RB 81
Terminus RB 89
toward Aue (Sachs)
Preceding station   City-Bahn Chemnitz   Following station
Terminus CB 516
toward Hainichen
Terminus CB 522
toward Burgstädt
CB 525 Terminus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chronology" (in German). City-Bahn.de. Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Timetables for Chemnitz Hbf station (German)

External links[edit]