|Chen / Chan|
Chen surname in regular script
|Language(s)||Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese|
Tan (Hokkien, Teochew)
Chin (Taishanese, Hakka, Japanese)
|Derivative(s)||Trần, Jin (Korean name),
Sae-Tang Sae-Chen Sae-Chin Sae-Tan Sae-Chin (Thai name)
Chen or Chan (simplified Chinese: 陈; traditional Chinese: 陳; pinyin: Chén; Wade–Giles: Ch'en) is one of the most common Han Chinese and Korean family names. It ranks as the 5th most common surname in China, as of 2007 and the most common surname in Singapore (2000) and Taiwan (2010). Chen is also the most common family name in Guangdong, Zhejiang, Fujian, Hong Kong (spelt Chan in Hong Kong and Macau). It is the most common surname in Xiamen, the ancestral hometown of many overseas Hoklo. Besides 陳/陈, an uncommon Chinese surname 諶/谌 is also romanized as Chen.
It is usually romanised as Chan in Cantonese (most widely used by those from Hong Kong), and sometimes as Chun. The surname Chen is also used in Hong Kong Cantonese, but not as often. The spelling, Chan, is widely used in Macao and Malaysia. In Min (including dialects of Chaoshan (Teochew), Hainan, Fujian, and Taiwan), the name is pronounced Tan. In Hakka and Toisan dialects the name is spelled and pronounced as Gin. Some other Romanisations include Zen (from Wu), Ding and Chern. Chen can be variously spelt Tan, Chan or Chin in Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines and other Southeast Asian countries.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2010)|
The initial surname Chen was from Gui (媯, Gūi), which was an ancient Chinese surname of descendants of Emperor Shun, who was one of the Three August Ones and Five Emperors. When King Wu of Zhou established the Zhou Dynasty, he gave the Land of Chen to Shun's descendants to establish their own state. To show his respect for Emperor Shun, the new state, which was also named Chen, was one of the Three Guest States of Zhou (Chinese: 三恪; pinyin: Sān Kè), which meant this nation was not a subordinate, but a guest of Zhou. However, the Chen state was occupied by Chu after the 10th century BC. Since then, the people of this state began to use Chen as their surname.
During the Northern and Southern Dynasties period (420-589), Chen Baxian established the Chen Dynasty (557-589), the fourth and the last of the Southern dynasties, which was eventually destroyed by the Sui Dynasty. It was also during this period that nomadically-cultured Xianbei people had systematically assimilated into China's agrarian culture, and adopted Chinese surnames under the state directives of Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei; the Xianbei subjects whose surname of "侯莫陳" (Hóumòchén) were converted to "陳" (Chen).
The Chinese region of Fujian was the original home of a Chen clan before that migrated under "Trần Kinh" 陳京 (Chén Jīng) to Dai Viet and whose descendants established the Tran dynasty which ruled Vietnam (Dai Viet), and certain members of the clan could still speak Chinese like when a Yuan dynasty envoy had a meeting with the Chinese speaking Tran Prince Trần Quốc Tuấn in 1282.
- Chen, used in Mandarin
- Chan, used in Cantonese (Hong Kong and Macao)
- Chin, used in Hakka in Singapore and Malaysia.
- Gin, used in Taishanese
- Jin, used in Korean
- Tan, used in Teochew in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Min Nan (including Taiwanese), and Hainanese
- Tang, used in Teochew
- Ting or Ding, used in Fuzhou
- Trần, Sấn used in Vietnamese
- Zen, used in Shanghainese
- Sen, used as an alternative spelling in Limbu, Limbuwan
Notable people surnamed 陳
- Chen Sheng Rebel Leader of the Dazexiang_Uprising during the Qin Dynasty
- Chen Ping (died 173 BC) Minister and Chancellor of the Han dynasty
- Chen Tang general of the Western Han Dynasty
- Chen Gong (died 198) Advisor under warlord Lu Bu
- Chen Wu (died 215) General under warlord Sun Quan
- Chen Zhen (died 235) Minister of Shu Han
- Chen Qun (died 238) Official of Cao Wei
- Chen Tai (died 260) Official and General of Cao Wei
- Chen Dao General under Warlord Liu Bei later Shu Han
- Chen Deng (204-237) Politician in the late Han Dynasty
- Chen Biao General of Eastern Wu
- Chen Shi General of Shu Han
- Chen Shou (233-297) Historian and Author in the Early Jin Dynasty
- Chen Baxian Founding Emperor of the Chen Dynasty
- Chen Qian Second Emperor of the Chen Dynasty
- Chen Bozong Third Emperor of the Tang Dynasty
- Chen Xu Fourth Emperor of the Chen Dynasty
- Chen Shubao Fifth and Last Emperor of the Chen Dynasty
- Chen Shuda Official of the Sui Dynasty and Chancellor of the Tang Dynasty
- Chen Li, second and the last emperor of the Dahan regime in the late Yuan Dynasty of China
- Chen Lin, naval general of Ming Dynasty and Commander-in-chief of the Battle of Noryang
- Chen Yuanyuan, concubine of Wu Sangui
- Chen Li (1810–1882), Cantonese scholar of the evidential research school
- Modern figures
Note: this list is ordered by given name commonly used in English, regardless of spelling of surname and name order.
- Agnes Chan, Hong Kong singer
- Arthur Chin, combat aviator, fighter ace
- Tan Boon Teik (陈文德), former Attorney-General of Singapore
- Bruce Chen, Panamanian Major League player
- Chen Changwen, president of Red Cross Society of the Republic of China and secretary of Straits Exchange Foundation
- Tan Cheng Bock, former Member of Parliament for Ayer Rajah SMC
- Tan Cheng Lock, Malaysian Chinese businessman, the founder of the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA) and an important figure during the independence of Malaya
- Cheer Chen, Taiwanese singer
- Christine Chen, former Emmy award winning journalist and CEO of Chen Communications
- Daniel Chan, Hong Kong singer, songwriter, and actor
- Danny Chan, Hong Kong actor, singer and composer
- Chen Ding, Olympic gold medal racewalker
- Chen Duxiu, Communist Party of China founder
- Eason Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
- Edison Chen, Canadian born Hong Kong singer
- Edward Chen, South African Engineer
- Fala Chen, Hong Kong actress and model
- Frankie Chan, nephew of Brian Leung
- Chen Gang (1906–1967), member of Chinese Communist Party security services
- Chen Guangcheng, Chinese dissident
- H. T. Chen, American dancer and choreographer
- Chen Hong, Chinese badminton player
- Jackie Chan, Hong Kong actor; his parents Charles and Lee-Lee Chan and son Jaycee Chan
- Jason Chan (disambiguation), several people
- Jiebing Chen, erhu player
- Chen Jin, Chinese badminton player
- Chen Jingrun, mathematician
- Joan Chen Chong, Chinese-American actress and film director
- Johnny Chan, poker player
- Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
- Joseph Zen, cardinal and Roman Catholic bishop of Hong Kong
- Joyce Chen, Chinese-American chef and restaurateur
- Julie Chen, American television personality and news anchor
- Tan Kah Kee, prominent businessman, community leader, and philanthropist in colonial Singapore and China
- Chen Kaige, fifth-generation Chinese filmmaker
- Kelly Chen Wai-Lam, Hong Kong actress and singer
- Chen Kenichi, the only "Iron Chef Chinese" in the syndicated TV program Iron Chef
- Chen Kenmin, father of Chen Kenichi, and a prominent Chinese chef in Japan
- Chen Lu, Figure Ice Skater
- Lucio Tan, Filipino-Chinese businessman and owner of flag carrier, Philippine Airlines
- Mei-Ann Chen, American musician and orchestra conductor
- Ming W. Chin, Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court
- Monica Chan, Hong Kong actress and winner of Miss Hong Kong 1989
- Moses Chan, Hong Kong actor and model
- Patrick Chan, Canadian figure skater
- Peter Chan, United States sailor who served on the U.S. aircraft carrier USS Oriskany, the only "Chan" listed on the Vietnam War Memorial.
- Chin Peng, long-time leader of the now-disbanded Malayan Communist Party
- Peter P. Chen, a computer scientist, inventor of the Entity-Relationship Model
- Priscilla Chan, Hong Kong singer
- Robert Chen, violinist, Concertmaster of Chicago Symphony Orchestra
- Roger H. Chen (Chen Heyuan), founder of 99 Ranch Market
- Chen Shaoguo, Chinese race walker
- Chen Shi-zheng, Chinese opera performer
- Shiing-Shen Chern, mathematician
- Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
- Sisy Chen, Taiwanese politician
- Steve Chen, supercomputer designer
- Steve Chen, co-founder, YouTube
- Jin Sun-Yu, South Korean short-track speed skater
- Terry Chen, famous actor in Canada.
- Tan Tin Boon (Chan Tin-Mun), Singaporean actor
- Tony Tan Keng Yam, the current President of Singapore, former Deputy Prime Minister and Co-ordinating Minister for Security and Defence of Singapore
- Chen Tsyr-shiou, Chairman of Taiwan Province
- Tze-Chung Chen, Taiwanese professional golfer
- Vincent "Randy" Chin, founder of VP Records
- Vincy Chan, Cantopop singer from Hong Kong
- Chen Wei (dissident), a Chinese dissident and human rights activist
- Wei-Yin Chen, major league baseball pitcher with the Baltimore Orioles
- Wing-tsit Chan, a Chinese scholar
- Chen Xiaoxu, the most famous Lin Daiyu actress
- Chen Yi, Communist Party of China military commander
- Chen Yi, composer
- Chen Yi, Chief executive of Taiwan Province
- Chen Yonglin, Chinese communist diplomat who defected to Australia
- Chen Yu (badminton), Chinese badminton player
- Chen Zhi, classical guitarist
- Chen Zhu, Minister of Health of the Chinese government
Fictional characters with surname Chen (陳)
- King Chan, a fictional financial analyst
- Charlie Chan, a fictional detective
- Chen, a character in the British science fiction sitcom Red Dwarf
- Chan Ho-nam, the fictitious Hong Kong triad boss in the Young and Dangerous film series
- Chen Jialuo, protagonist of the Wuxia novel The Book and the Sword
- Detective Grace Chen, a central character in Martial Law
- Chen, the Holy Knight, a character in the Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos custom map Defense of the Ancients.
- Chen Stormstout, a hero in Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne and an important character in World of Warcraft: Mists of Pandaria
- Chen Zhen, a fictional Chinese martial artist and culture hero
- Jing-Mei "Deb" Chen, a Chinese-American physician in the television drama series ER
Notable people surnamed 諶
- Chen Long (谌龙), Chinese badminton player
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- "Statistics Singapore - Popular Chinese Surnames in Singapore". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-06-23.
- "Common Chinese Names". Technology.chtsai.org. Retrieved 2014-06-23.
- 厦门第一大姓陈氏：先辈300万贯钱买厦门岛. China Review News (in Chinese). 2010-10-01. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- Yediot Achronot. 23 Feb 2004. Op. cit. in "[www.britam.org/jerusalem/jerusalem271to300.html Jerusalem 271 to 300]".
- Taylor 2013, p. 120.
- Taylor 2013, p. 103.
- ed. Hall 2008, p. 159.
- eds. Dutton & Werner & Whitmore 2013 .
- Gunn 2011, p. 112.
- Embree & Lewis 1988, p. 190.
- Woodside 1971, p. 8.
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